In the Siege of Khotyn (2 July – 19 September 1788) a Habsburg Austrian army led by Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and an Imperial Russian army commanded by Ivan Saltykov besieged an Ottoman Turkish garrison in the fortress of Khotyn. The Allies eventually forced the surrender of the fortress. The siege was part of the Russo-Turkish War.
Siege[edit | edit source]
An Austrian army of 18,000 men under Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld marched from Bukovina to lay siege to Khotyn. It was joined by a Russian army under Ivan Saltykov. The Turkish garrison led by the Pasha of Khotyn held out for more than two months before capitulating. The terms of surrender allowed the Turks to march out with flags flying to be joined by any resident of Khotyn who wished to leave. The civilian refugees were to be provided with food and given 3,000 carts to move their possessions. This agreement made by the Austrian generals was ridiculed throughout Europe as too lenient.
Notes[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Dupuy, Trevor N.; Dupuy, R. Ernest (1977). The Encyclopedia of Military History. New York, N.Y.: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-011139-9.
- Hirtenfeld, J. (1857). Der Militar-Maria-Theresien Orden und seine Mitgleider. 2. Aus der Kaiserlich-königlichen Hof- und Staatsdruckerei.
- Jaques, Tony (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-313-33537-0.
- Kalinka, Walerian (1896). "Der vierjährige polnische reichstag, 1788 bis 1791". Berlin: Ernst Siegfried Mittler und Sohn. https://books.google.com/books?id=j_AKAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA27&lpg=PA27&.
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