Military Wiki
Francis Fletcher-Vane
5th Baronet
File:File:Sir Francis Fletcher-Vane, 5th Baronet.png
Born (1861-10-16)16 October 1861
Died 10 June 1934(1934-06-10) (aged 72)
Place of birth Dublin
Place of death London
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1883-1904, 1914-1916
Rank Major
Unit Worcester Militia
Scots Guards
Submarine Mining, RE
Commands held Captain in 26th Middlesex Cyclists
Battles/wars Second Boer War
Defence at Portobello Barracks in Dublin, Easter Rising
Relations Ancestor: Sir Henry Vane the Elder
Other work Writer; politician; Grand Scoutmaster, British Boy Scouts; founded Italian Scout Movement and Order of World Scouts

Sir Francis Patrick Fletcher-Vane, 5th Baronet (16 October 1861, Dublin – 10 June 1934, London) was a British military officer and aristocrat.[1][2] Francis became the 5th Baronet of Hutton on the death of his first cousin, Sir Henry Ralph Fletcher-Vane, 4th Baronet.[2][3]

Sir Francis was an early aide of Robert Baden-Powell (they both attended Charterhouse School) and was the Scout Commissioner of London before Baden-Powell ousted him from his Baden-Powell Boy Scouts organisation. He later founded the Order of World Scouts, the earliest multinational scouting organisation, and is counted one of the founders of scouting in Italy.

As a military officer, he helped expose the murder of several innocent civilians by an officer under his command during the 1916 Easter Rising.[4] In 2016, on the anniversary of the Easter Rising, Sir Francis was commemorated on a postage stamp in Ireland for the strength of character he showed during those troubles.[5][6]

Early life[]

Vane was born at 10 Great George’s Street,[3] Dublin 1861 to an Irish mother and English father. His grandfather was Sir Frederick Fletcher-Vane, Bt.[4]

Vane was raised in Sidmouth, Devon, England and educated at Charterhouse School.[7] In 1876, Vane enrolled at the Oxford Military College.[4]

Military career[]

After military college, Vane was assigned to the Worcester Militia, Scots Guards[8] and for a stint with the Submarine Mining section[9] of the Royal Engineers over the period of 1883-1888. In 1886, he began residing at Toynbee Hall in East London. That same year he started a 'Working Boys Cadet Corps'. He became a captain in the 26th Middlesex Rifle Volunteers in 1888. While serving in the Second Boer War (1899–1902), he was appointed a magistrate in 1902. He was removed from that position for supposedly being too "pro-Boer".[4] He wrote "The War and One Year After" pamphlet in 1903 criticising the British method of war. With his follow up pamphlet, Vane was "retired" from the military.[3]


At the start of World War I, Vane returned to the Army as a recruiting officer with the rank of Major and was sent to Ireland, attached to the Royal Munster Fusiliers.[10]

During the Easter Uprising, Vane distinguished himself for his courageous conduct in handling of abuses by an officer under his command, Captain Bowen-Colthurst, who had ordered three unarmed civilians shot to death, and had himself killed an unarmed teenager. Vane had been directed to take command of Portobello Barracks, Dublin, then garrison for the largely Belfast-recruited Royal Irish Rifles and the Ulster Militia Battalion. On the third day of the Rising, Vane had taken up an observation position in the tower of the Rathmines Town Hall. On returning to barracks he learned that civilian hostages had been taken and later killed there by order of Captain Bowen-Colthurst. They included the well-known pacifist Francis Sheehy-Skeffington and two pro-Union journalists who were misidentified as Nationalists. Bowen-Colthurst had also led a raid against a house allegedly sympathetic to the insurgents, and during this raid he had summarily executed a youth named Coade in the street.[11]

Vane ordered these incidents to be reported to the garrison high command and to British high command. But his superiors covered up the crimes, and removed him from command. Thereupon Vane went directly to London and met with Secretary of War Lord Kitchener and with Maurice Bonham Carter, Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister, to expose the murders.[12] As a result, Bowen-Colthurst was arrested a week after the uprising, and was charged with murder at a military court-martial held a month after the uprising. The court-martial found Bowen-Colthurst guilty, but insane; he was sent to Broadmoor Hospital for the criminally insane.[11]

Nevertheless, Vane's superior Sir John Maxwell filed an adverse report about Vane, resulting in Vane's dismissal from the army sometime prior to August 1916.[12]

Between military stints[]

Daily News, Manchester Guardian, Westminster and Truth employed Vane from 1902 to 1904 as a reporter for South Africa. He was the unsuccessful Liberal candidate for Burton in the 1906 United Kingdom. Following that he became active in antiwar and suffragette campaigns from 1907-1912.[3][4] He published two more items: Walks and Peoples in Tuscany (1908) and On Certain Fundamentals (1909).


By 1909, Vane was the Baden-Powell Boy Scouts' London Commissioner. He felt that Scouting should be nonmilitary and, through mediation, reconciled the British Boy Scouts (BBS) with Baden-Powell organisation by having the BBS as an affiliated organisation of the Baden-Powell organisation. The BBS had formed as the Battersea Boy Scouts (BBS) and registered with the Baden-Powell Boy Scout organisation but soon left the Baden-Powell organisation over perceived militarisation and nondemocratic nature of the national headquarters. The BBS had renamed and reconstituted itself as a national organisation. Vane briefly reconciled the two organisations. With Vane pushing for Baden-Powell's organisation to be more democratic, his position was eliminated by Baden-Powell's headquarters staff. In a protest meeting, the London area Scoutmasters voted overwhelming in support of Sir Francis, however Baden-Powell never reinstated him. Members of the National Service League, a pro-military group, were appointed to Baden-Powell's headquarters. On 3 December 1909, Vane accepted the presidency of the British Boy Scouts taking most London area Troops with him. The Quakers' Birmingham and Midland Troops also followed as Vane was key in having Quakers sponsor Scouting Troops.[13]

Vane got the Boy's Life Brigade (BLB) to join the British Boy Scouts in a loose federation called The National Peace Scouts in February 1910.[13][14] At the merger the BBS had 45,000 Scouts and BLB had 40,000 members. With Vane having an Italian summer home, he was able to launch the Scouting Movement in Italy with the Ragazzi Esploratori Italiani in 1910.[4][13] In 1911, Vane assisted Augustin Dufresne, a shipowner, to organise a French Scouting organisation.[15]

With the spread of the alternative British Boy Scouts programme throughout the world, Vane informally aligned the various groups as the Legion of World Scouts, the first international organisation, in 1911 then more formally as the Order of World Scouts on 11 November 1911.[14][15] Vane became the Grand Scout Master of the Order of World Scouts.[14]

Vane put his wealth behind the organisations: providing a London headquarters and financed the organisation, even the manufacture of BBS uniforms. This overburdened his finances to the point of having to declare bankruptcy in 1912.[16] Thus the British Boy Scouts lost their headquarters, source of equipment and uniforms and their leader. Vane continued his involvement with the remnant BBS, as he inspected the Troop of the London Commissioner Percy Herbert Pooley in 1915.[13][15]

Vane returned to Italy after World War I to find that the Italian Boy Scouts he founded had been mainly absorbed by the National Scouts Corps (Corpo Nazionale Giovani Esploratori Italiani - CNGEI). Some joined in with the creation of the Catholic Association of Scouts (Associazione Scautistica Cattolica Italiana - ASCI) in 1916, later named AGESCI. He began working with the latter group. He tried to get Baden-Powell to accept the ASCI as a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement. He also try to get the BBS back together with the Boy Scouts Association. Both of these efforts were without success.[13] In 1927, he left for the United Kingdom as the Fascists quashed the Italian Scouting Movement,[4] in favour of the Opera Nazionale Balilla (ONB), an Italian Fascist youth organisation. Despite a private letter to Sir Francis Vane 24 April 1933, sympathising with Vane’s worries, the Balilla was an organisation that was publicly highly praised by Baden-Powell,[17] as the application of scouting as part of national education.

Personal life[]

He succeeded his cousin Sir Henry Ralph Fletcher-Vane as baronet in 1908.

His first wife, Anna Oliphant da Costa Ricci, daughter of the Baron Anselmo da Costa Ricci of Portugal, whom he married in 1888, died in 1922. Vane became a Knight Commander of the Order of Christ (Portugal) in 1889. He married his second wife, Kathleen Crosbie in 1927. Sir Francis died in 1934 aged 72, after spending his last year of life in ill health at St Thomas' Hospital in Lambeth.[18]

Further reading[]

  • Francis Fletcher Vane, Agin the governments: memories and adventures of Sir Francis Fletcher Vane (London, Sampson Low, Marston & Co., Ltd., 1929)


  1. Obituary in The Times, Sir Francis Vane, 11 June 1934, p.17
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Sir Francis Patrick Fletcher Vane - oi". Digital object identifier:10.1093/oi/authority.20110803115159787. Retrieved 26 April 2019. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 A man of courage. accessed 25 September 2008
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Working Class Movement Library: Sir Francis Patrick Fletcher Vane, Bt. Archived 13 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. McGreevy, Ronan. "Brothers remembered in stamp to mark centenary of Rising". Retrieved 20 April 2019. 
  6. "Stamps and First Day Covers". 20 January 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2019. 
  7. Parish, W. D. (29 April 1879). "List of Carthusians, 1800 to 1879". Рипол Классик. Retrieved 29 April 2019. 
  8. "No. 25134". 1 August 1882. p. 3583. 
  9. "No. 25441". 13 February 1885. p. 630. 
  10. "No. 28992". 1 December 1914. p. 10194. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Royal Commission on the Arrest and subsequent treatment of Mr. Francis Sheehy Skeffington, Mr. Thomas Dickson, and Mr. Patrick James McIntyre: Report of the Commission", presented to both houses of Parliament by command of His Majesty, London: Darling & Son, 1916 (accessed 29 March 2016).
  12. 12.0 12.1 British House of Commons, Disturbances in Ireland", hearing held on 1 August 1916 (accessed 31 March 2016).
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 The BBS Story The British Boy Scouts and British Girl Scouts Association. accessed 25 September 2008.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Other Youth Programs Author Victor M. Alexieff. SOSSI Journal. Vol. 37, No. 9, September 1982
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Boy Scout Movement: Internationalism--Order of World Scouts Historic Boys' Uniform website.
  16. "No. 28656". 22 October 1912. p. 7837. 
  17. The praise was given in an article published in the Daily Telegraph - Jeal, Tim, Baden-Powell, Hutchinson 1989, page 545
  18. Information supplied by the Reverend Dr Michael Foster from information held in the British Boy Scouts Archive

External links[]

  • ODNB article by Roger T. Stearn, ‘Vane, Sir Francis Patrick Fletcher, fifth baronet (1861–1934)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edn, May 2006 [1], accessed 7 April 2008.
  • Biography at
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Henry Fletcher-Vane
(Hutton in the County of Cumberland)
Preceded by
Colonel Frederick Charles Keyser
President, BBS
Succeeded by
Vacant (1913-1932: Honorary -- Mrs G White Brebble)
New title Grand Scoutmaster, OWS
Succeeded by
Albert Jones Knighton

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