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Sir William George Pearce, 2nd Baronet (23 July 1861 – 2 November 1907)[1][2] was a British industrialist and Conservative Party politician.

Life[edit | edit source]

Pearce was son of the Clydeside shipbuilder Sir William Pearce and his wife Dinah Elizabeth, née Scooter. Born in Chatham, Kent, he was educated at Rugby School and went at Trinity College, Cambridge, and was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1885.[3]

After his father died in 1888, Pearce succeeded him to the baronetcy and as chairman of the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company,[4] but lacked his father's flair and drive.[5] The business faltered, until by 1893 there was only one ship under a construction – a sailing vessel, in a yard noted for its expertise in engine technology. After the appointment in 1894 of Edward Shearer as general manager, the yard regained its former prominence.[5]

Pearce was elected at the 1892 general election as Member of Parliament (MP) for the Plymouth constituency, but did not contest the 1895 general election.[2][6] He was a keen country sportsman, and was noted for the shooting parties at his estate of Chilton Lodge at Leverton near Hungerford, Berkshire.[4]

He was appointed Honorary Colonel of the 2nd Devonshire Artillery Volunteers on 10 June 1893.[7]

He married Caroline Eva (née Coote) in 1905, but they had no children. He died in 1907 at his London home in Park Lane, and was buried at Chilton Foliat, near his country estate. The baronetcy became extinct on his death. In his will he left the residue of his estate, estimated at over £150,000, to Trinity College, Cambridge; this is believed to have been the College's most significant gift since its foundation in 1546 by Henry VIII.[4]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Baronetage: P". Leigh Rayment's Baronetage pages. http://www.leighrayment.com/baronetage/baronetsP1.htm. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "House of Commons constituencies beginning with "P" (part 2)". Leigh Rayment's House of Commons pages. http://www.leighrayment.com/commons/Pcommons2.htm. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  3. "Pearce, William George (PR881WG)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. http://venn.lib.cam.ac.uk/cgi-bin/search.pl?sur=&suro=c&fir=&firo=c&cit=&cito=c&c=all&tex=%22PR881WG%22&sye=&eye=&col=all&maxcount=50. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 H. M. Innes and Ian St John. "Pearce, Sir William George". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/35436. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Peter Lester Payne, ed (1967). "Entrepreneurship in the Scottish Heavy Industries 1870-1900, by T. J. Byres". Studies in Scottish Business History. Routledge. pp. 279–280. ISBN 0-7146-1349-5. https://books.google.com/books?id=fLTCG1ELyRoC&pg=PA250&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  6. Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 169. ISBN 0-900178-27-2. 
  7. Army Lists 1893–1907

External links[edit | edit source]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Edward Clarke and
Sir Edward Bates, Bt.
Member of Parliament for Plymouth
With: Sir Edward Clarke
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Clarke and
Charles Harrison
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Pearce
(of Cardell)

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