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Six Days Campaign
Part of the War of the Sixth Coalition
Meissonier - 1814, Campagne de France.jpg
Napoleon I and his staff
Date10 February – 14 February 1814
LocationNortheastern France
Result Decisive French tactical victories, though strategically insignificant
Belligerents
France First French Empire Kingdom of Prussia Prussia
Russia Russian Empire
Commanders and leaders
Napoleon I of France Blücher
Strength
30,000 (70,000 in theater) 120,000 (330,000 in Theater, 120,000 under Blucher, 150,000 under Schwarzenberg in the south east, 60,000 in the Low Countries)
Casualties and losses
3,400 17,750

The Six Days Campaign (10–14 February 1814) was a final series of victories by the forces of Napoleon I of France as the Sixth Coalition closed in on Paris. With an army of only 70,000, the Emperor was faced with at least half a million Allied troops advancing in several main armies commanded by Field Marshal Prince von Blücher and Field Marshal Prince zu Schwarzenberg amongst others. The Six Days Campaign was fought from 10 February to 15 February during which time he inflicted four major defeats on Blücher's army in the Battle of Champaubert, the Battle of Montmirail, the Battle of Château-Thierry, and the Battle of Vauchamps. Napoleon managed to inflict 17,750 casualties on Blücher's force of 120,000 with his 30,000-man army, leading historians and enthusiasts to claim that the Six Days was the Emperor's finest campaign. However, the Emperor's victories were not significant enough to make any changes to the overall strategic picture, and Schwarzenberg's larger army still threatened Paris, which eventually fell in late March.

Battles of the Campaign[edit | edit source]

  • Battle of Champaubert (10 February 1814) - 4,000 Russian casualties and Russian General Olsufiev taken prisoner, to approximately 200 French casualties.[1]
  • Battle of Château-Thierry (12 February 1814) – 1,250 Prussian, 1,500 Russian casualties and nine cannons lost, to approximately 600 French casualties.[1]
  • Battle of Vauchamps (14 February 1814) – 7,000 Prussian casualties and 16 cannons lost, to approximately 600 French casualties.[1]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Chandler, David. Dictionary of the Napoleonic wars, Wordsworth editions, 1999, pp.87, 90, 286–87, 459.

External links[edit | edit source]

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