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==Course of operation==
 
==Course of operation==
A little over two months after the German [[Invasion of Poland]], the [[Gestapo]] chief in Kraków ''{{nobreak|SS-Obersturmbannführer}}'' [[Brunon Müller|Bruno Müller]], commanded Jagiellonian University rector Professor [[Tadeusz Lehr-Spławiński]] to require all professors to attend his lecture about German plans for Polish education. The rector agreed and sent an invitation throughout the university for a meeting scheduled at the administrative centre building in the [[Collegium Novum]] ''(entrance pictured)''. On November 6, 1939 at the lecture room no. 56 (or 66, sources vary) at noon, all academics and their guests gathered; among them, 105 professors and 33 lecturers from Jagiellonian University (UJ), 34 professors and doctors from [[AGH University of Science and Technology|University of Technology]] (AGH) some of whom attended a meeting in a different room, 4 from [[Cracow University of Economics|University of Economics]] (AE) and 4 from Lublin and Wilno.<ref name="agh.edu">{{cite web | url=http://www.biuletyn.agh.edu.pl/archiwum_bip/archiwum_bip_pdf/pdf_159/05_159.pdf | title=Kto Ty jesteś… czyli rozważania w rocznicę Soderaktion Krakau | publisher=BIP 159 | date=November 2006 | accessdate=May 10, 2012 | author=Paweł Rozmus}}</ref><ref name="szu.pl">{{cite web | url=http://www.sww.w.szu.pl/serw_tem/alianci/polacy/okupacja/sonderaktion_krakau.html | title=Sonderaktion Krakau. Uniwersytecka wojna | publisher=''Druga Wojna Swiatowa'' | work=(with complete list of 184 detainees by name) | accessdate=May 13, 2012 | author=Mateusz Łabuz}}</ref> No ''Vortrag'' on education was conducted. Instead, they were told by Müller that the university did not have permission to start a new academic year (which it did), and that Poles are hostile toward German science, and act in bad faith. They were arrested on the spot by armed police, frisked and escorted out. Some senior professors were kicked, slapped in the face (Stanisław Estreicher) and hit with rifle butts. Additional 13&ndash;15 university employees and students who were onsite were also arrested, as well as the President of Kraków, Dr [[Stanisław Klimecki]] who was apprehended at home that afternoon.<ref name="szu.pl" />
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A little over two months after the German [[Invasion of Poland]], the [[Gestapo]] chief in Kraków ''{{nobreak|SS-Obersturmbannführer}}'' [[Brunon Müller|Bruno Müller]], commanded Jagiellonian University [[Rector (academia)|rector]] Professor [[Tadeusz Lehr-Spławiński]] to require all professors to attend his lecture about German plans for Polish education. The rector agreed and sent an invitation throughout the university for a meeting scheduled at the administrative centre building in the [[Collegium Novum]] ''(entrance pictured)''. On November 6, 1939 at the lecture room no. 56 (or 66, sources vary) at noon, all academics and their guests gathered; among them, 105 professors and 33 lecturers from Jagiellonian University (UJ), 34 professors and doctors from [[AGH University of Science and Technology|University of Technology]] (AGH) some of whom attended a meeting in a different room, 4 from [[Cracow University of Economics|University of Economics]] (AE) and 4 from Lublin and Wilno.<ref name="agh.edu">{{cite web | url=http://www.biuletyn.agh.edu.pl/archiwum_bip/archiwum_bip_pdf/pdf_159/05_159.pdf | title=Kto Ty jesteś… czyli rozważania w rocznicę Soderaktion Krakau | publisher=BIP 159 | date=November 2006 | accessdate=May 10, 2012 | author=Paweł Rozmus}}</ref><ref name="szu.pl">{{cite web | url=http://www.sww.w.szu.pl/serw_tem/alianci/polacy/okupacja/sonderaktion_krakau.html | title=Sonderaktion Krakau. Uniwersytecka wojna | publisher=''Druga Wojna Swiatowa'' | work=(with complete list of 184 detainees by name) | accessdate=May 13, 2012 | author=Mateusz Łabuz}}</ref> No ''Vortrag'' on education was conducted. Instead, they were told by Müller that the university did not have permission to start a new academic year (which it did), and that Poles are hostile toward German science, and act in bad faith. They were arrested on the spot by armed police, frisked and escorted out. Some senior professors were kicked, slapped in the face (Stanisław Estreicher) and hit with rifle butts. Additional 13&ndash;15 university employees and students who were onsite were also arrested, as well as the President of Kraków, Dr [[Stanisław Klimecki]] who was apprehended at home that afternoon.<ref name="szu.pl" />
   
 
All of them, 184 persons in total, were transported first to prison at Montelupich street, then to barracks at Mazowiecka, and – some three days later – to a detention center in Wrocław ({{lang-de| Breslau}}), where they spent 18 days split between two prison facilities: the interrogation building at Świebodzka 1 street (''Untersuchungs-gefängnis''), and the penal complex at Kleczkowska 35 (''Strafgefängnis''). The Gestapo were unprepared for such a large transfer of prisoners, and awaited permission to send them to [[Buchenwald concentration camp|Buchenwald]] which was filled to capacity. As a result, on November 27, 1939 at night, they were loaded onto a train to [[Sachsenhausen concentration camp]] (located on the other side of Berlin),<ref name="almamater">{{cite web | url=http://www2.almamater.uj.edu.pl/118/05.pdf | title=Więźniowie Sonderaktion Krakau | publisher=Jagiellonian University | work=Alma Mater No. 118 | accessdate=May 15, 2012 | format=PDF 275 KB}}</ref> and in March 1940, sent further to [[Dachau concentration camp|KZ Dachau]] near Munich after a new 'selection' among younger academics.<ref name="szu.pl" />
 
All of them, 184 persons in total, were transported first to prison at Montelupich street, then to barracks at Mazowiecka, and – some three days later – to a detention center in Wrocław ({{lang-de| Breslau}}), where they spent 18 days split between two prison facilities: the interrogation building at Świebodzka 1 street (''Untersuchungs-gefängnis''), and the penal complex at Kleczkowska 35 (''Strafgefängnis''). The Gestapo were unprepared for such a large transfer of prisoners, and awaited permission to send them to [[Buchenwald concentration camp|Buchenwald]] which was filled to capacity. As a result, on November 27, 1939 at night, they were loaded onto a train to [[Sachsenhausen concentration camp]] (located on the other side of Berlin),<ref name="almamater">{{cite web | url=http://www2.almamater.uj.edu.pl/118/05.pdf | title=Więźniowie Sonderaktion Krakau | publisher=Jagiellonian University | work=Alma Mater No. 118 | accessdate=May 15, 2012 | format=PDF 275 KB}}</ref> and in March 1940, sent further to [[Dachau concentration camp|KZ Dachau]] near Munich after a new 'selection' among younger academics.<ref name="szu.pl" />

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