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South African Army Artillery Formation
SANDF Artillery Formation emblem ver 2.png
SANDF Artillery Formation emblem
Active 1999 to date
Country Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa
Allegiance Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Army
Branch Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Army Emblem of the South African Army
Type Artillery
Part of South African Army
Colors Guardsmen Red and Oxford Blue[1]
Commanders
General Officer Commanding (GOC) Brig Gen Khaya Makina
Ceremonial chief Lt Gen Jabu Mbuli
Insignia
Collar Badge Bursting grenade with seven flames
Beret Colour Oxford Blue
Artillery Battery Emblems SANDF Artillery Battery emblems
Artillery Beret Bar circa 1992 SANDF Artillery Beret Bar

The South African Army Artillery Formation is the controlling entity of all South African Army artillery units. It draws much of its history from the South African Artillery, established in 1934 but with roots that reach back to 1921. The formation consists of both regular and reserve units. There is a separate South African Army Air Defence Artillery Formation that directs army anti-aircraft warfare units.

HistoryEdit

OriginsEdit

The South African Permanent Force, created in 1913 as the Permanent Force and re-designated with effect from 23 February 1923, included the South African Field Artillery (SAFA), and the South African Permanent Garrison Artillery (SAPGA). The SAPGA had begun operations some time before, when the coastal defences of the Cape Peninsula (manned by the Cape Garrison Artillery) had been handed over to South Africa in December 1921.
SANDF G5 artillery Lohatla

SANDF G5 artillery Lohatla

In Proclamation No. 246 of 1934, the Governor General of the Union of South Africa merged the two organisations with effect from 1 September 1934 and created one Corps titled the South African Artillery (SAA) (see South African Army corps and branches).

World War 2Edit

Nine field regiments, two medium regiments, and three anti-tank regiments served in North Africa and Italy during the Second World War.[2]

1st Medium Regiment SAA (SAHA) was formed briefly from 1 October 1939 - July 1941, when it was broken up in Egypt to provide replacements for the field regiments of the SAA. It was reformed with headquarters at Cape Town from 1 January 1946. It was transferred from Cape Town and out of Cape Command to Oudtshoorn from 31 December 1953, but was then disbanded after a Citizen Force reorganisation on 1 March 1960.[3]

Post World War 2Edit

From 1 July 1951 8 Field Regiment SAA was active, but was redesignated the Johannesburg Regiment in 1960.

Bush War periodEdit

10 Artillery Brigade South Africa, was active with 4 and 14 Regiments since 1983, and 14 Artillery Regiment disbanded on January 1, 1993.

National Defence Force ReorganisationEdit

The army's reorganisation after the creation of the new South African National Defence Force was lengthy. The SA Army Office was established. The Corps were restructured with Regular and Reserve Regiments under command. The so-called “Type Formations” were established which assumed responsibility for the provisioning of combat-ready forces to be employed under the direction of Joint Operations Division.

SANDF G6 Rhino Klipdrift Military base

G6 Rhino Howitzers at the Klipdrift military base

Air Defence Artillery becomes a separate formationEdit

  • In 1997 the 7th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, active since the 1960s, was disestablished.
  • Regiment Overvaal (ROV) which was established on 1 April 1969 as an Anti-Aircraft Regiment based on Vereeniging Military Base in Vereeniging. P Battery of Regiment Vaalrivier was transferred on 1 October 1969 to form 8th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (8LLA). The name changed from 8LLA to ROV on 27 April 1993. The regiment was disestablished in 1997.[4]

The Artillery FormationEdit

The South African Artillery re-organised itself into the South African Army Artillery Formation, directed by the SA Army Artillery Formation Headquarters.[1][5] The South African Army Artillery Formation HQ was established in April 1999.[6]

Vulture Launcher System at Ysterplaat Airshow, Cape Town (2)

SAMIL 100 carrying a Vulture UAV.

Regional Co-operationEdit

In the annual report for the 2013-14 fiscal year, the SANDF reported the development of artillery cooperation and the establishment of the Namibian Army School of Artillery.[7] The SA Army assisted the Namibian Defence Force with the development of courses and ultimately the establishment of the Namibian School of Artillery.

Regular unitsEdit

Reserve unitsEdit

NFA - Gunner's Memorial 2014 02

Maj Gen Roy Andersen with the GOC, Brig Gen Deon Holtzhausen, and Sgt Maj of the Formation accompanied by the NFA OC, Major Craig Nel, just after the NFA gunners fired the salute at the Gunner's Memorial Service in Durban 2014

EquipmentEdit

The Formation uses the following equipment, among others:

To be acquired:

Conventional ArtilleryEdit

CannonEdit

Variant Description Comment Image
G1 Gun Quick Firing 25 pounder, high explosive, anti tank and smoke shells Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom design SANDF G1 Cannon
G2 Gun Breach Loading 5.5 inch medium gun, high explosiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom designSANDF G2 Cannon
G4 Gun Breach Loading 155mm, high explosiveFlag of Israel.svg Israel design, stopgap until the G5 cannon entered serviceSANDF G4 Cannon
G5 Gun/Howitzer 155mm, high explosive, Samil 100 Gun tractorFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa designG5 with Samil 100 Gun tractor
G6 Gun/Howitzer 155mm, high explosive, Self drivenFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa designSANDF G6 Rhino
Vulture UAV Vulture Forward ObservationFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa design. Used for target acquisition, fall-of-shot detection and fire correction in support of Towed and Self Propelled Gun Howitzer Systems.[8]Vulture Launcher Samil 100

Multiple Rocket Launcher SystemsEdit

Variant Description Comment Image
Valkiri MLRS 127mm rocket MLRSFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa design Unimog chassis, pre fragmented warhead, 24 launch tubesValkiri multiple rocket launcher system
Bateleur MLRS 127mm rocket MLRSFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa design Kwevoel chassis, pre fragmented warhead, 40 launch tubesBateleur Multiple Rocket Launcher

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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