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{{Unreferenced}}
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{{refimprove|date=December 2013}}
 
{{Infobox military unit
 
{{Infobox military unit
 
|unit_name= South African Army Artillery Formation
 
|unit_name= South African Army Artillery Formation
|image=
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| image= SANDF Artillery Formation emblem ver 2.png
|caption=
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| image_size = 200
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|caption= SANDF Artillery Formation emblem
 
|dates= 1999 to date
 
|dates= 1999 to date
 
|country= {{ZAF}}
 
|country= {{ZAF}}
|allegiance=
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|allegiance= {{army|South Africa}}
|branch= [[South African Army]]
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|branch= {{army|South Africa}} [[File:Emblem of the South African Army.svg|150px|SANDF Army emblem]]
 
|type= [[Artillery]]
 
|type= [[Artillery]]
|role=
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|command_structure=[[South African Army]]
|size=
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|colors= Guardsmen Red and Oxford Blue<ref name="nfafact">{{Cite web|url = http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6561:fact-file-the-sa-artillery-&catid=79:fact-files&Itemid=159|title = Fact file: The SA Artillery|date = 9 February 2010|accessdate = 25 September 2014|website = DefenceWeb|publisher = ITWEB|last = Engelbrecht|first = Leon|ref = nfafact}}</ref>
|command_structure=
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|commander1=Brig Gen [[Khaya Makina]]
|garrison=
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|commander1_label=General Officer Commanding (GOC)
|garrison_label=
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|commander2=Lt Gen [[Jabu Mbuli]]
|nickname=
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|commander2_label=General of the Gunners
|patron=
 
|motto=
 
|colors= Guardsmen Red and Oxford Blue<ref>http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6561:fact-file-the-sa-artillery-&catid=79:fact-files&Itemid=159</ref>
 
|colors_label=
 
|march=
 
|mascot=
 
|equipment=
 
|equipment_label=
 
|battles=
 
|anniversaries=
 
|decorations=
 
|battle_honours=
 
<!-- Commanders -->
 
|commander1=
 
|commander1_label=
 
|commander2=
 
|commander2_label=
 
|commander3=
 
|commander3_label=
 
|notable_commanders=
 
<!-- Insignia -->
 
 
|identification_symbol=Bursting grenade with seven flames
 
|identification_symbol=Bursting grenade with seven flames
 
|identification_symbol_label=Collar Badge
 
|identification_symbol_label=Collar Badge
 
|identification_symbol_2=Oxford Blue
 
|identification_symbol_2=Oxford Blue
 
|identification_symbol_2_label=Beret Colour
 
|identification_symbol_2_label=Beret Colour
|identification_symbol_3=
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|identification_symbol_3=[[File:SANDF Artillery Battery emblems.jpg|200px|SANDF Artillery Battery emblems]]
|identification_symbol_3_label=
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|identification_symbol_3_label=Artillery Battery Emblems
|identification_symbol_4=
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|identification_symbol_4=[[File:SANDF Artillery Beret Bar.jpg|200px|SANDF Artillery Beret Bar]]
|identification_symbol_4_label=
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|identification_symbol_4_label= Artillery Beret Bar circa 1992
 
}}
 
}}
The '''South African Army Artillery Formation''' is the controlling entity of all [[South African Army]] [[artillery]] and [[air defence]] units.
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  +
The '''South African Army Artillery Formation''' is the controlling entity of all [[South African Army]] [[artillery]] units. It draws much of its history from the '''South African Artillery''', established in 1934 but with roots that reach back to 1921. The formation consists of both regular and reserve units. There is a separate '''South African Army Air Defence Artillery Formation''' that directs army [[anti-aircraft warfare]] units.
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
The South African Defence Force (SADF), TBVC forces and the non-statutory forces (Umkhonto-we-Sizwe and
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===Origins===
APLA) ceased to exist on 27 April 1994 when they were integrated into the new South African National Defence Force
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The South African Permanent Force, created in 1913 as the Permanent Force and re-designated with effect from 23 February 1923, included the South African Field Artillery (SAFA), and the South African Permanent Garrison Artillery (SAPGA). The SAPGA had begun operations some time before, when the coastal defences of the Cape Peninsula (manned by the [[Cape Garrison Artillery]]) had been handed over to South Africa in December 1921.[[File:SANDF G5 artillery Lohatla.jpg|thumb|right|300px|SANDF G5 artillery Lohatla]]
(SANDF), although the integration process relied on the structures and practices of the former SADF.
 
The re-organisation of the SA Army was a lengthy process. The SA Army Office was established and 43 and 46 Brigade
 
Headquarters were retained as tactical headquarters, but without permanently assigned units. The Corps were
 
restructured with Regular and Reserve Regiments under command. The so-called “Type Formations” were established
 
which assumed responsibility for the provisioning of combatready forces to be employed by the Chief of Joint Operations.
 
   
The South African Artillery Corps (SAA Corps) re-organised itself into the SA Army Artillery Formation with the SA Army
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In Proclamation No. 246 of 1934, the [[Governor General of the Union of South Africa]] merged the two organisations with effect from 1 September 1934 and created one Corps titled the South African Artillery (SAA) (see [[South African Army corps and branches]]).
Artillery Formation headquarters (SA Army Arty Fmn HQ) as the command and control capability.
 
   
The SA Army Arty Fmn HQ was then established in April 1999 <ref>http://www.rfdiv.mil.za/pdfs/publications/gunner/gunner.pdf</ref>
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===World War 2===
  +
Nine field regiments, two medium regiments, and three anti-tank regiments served in North Africa and Italy during the [[Second World War]].<ref>http://nigelef.tripod.com/saregt.htm</ref>
   
==Units==
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1st Medium Regiment SAA (SAHA) was formed briefly from 1 October 1939 - July 1941, when it was broken up in Egypt to provide replacements for the field regiments of the SAA. It was reformed with headquarters at [[Cape Town]] from 1 January 1946. It was transferred from [[Cape Town]] and out of [[Cape Command]] to [[Oudtshoorn]] from 31 December 1953, but was then disbanded after a [[South African Defence Force#Personnel|Citizen Force]] reorganisation on 1 March 1960.<ref>http://scientiamilitaria.journals.ac.za/pub/article/viewFile/464/497</ref>
   
The Formation consists of both regular and reserve units:
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===Post World War 2===
===Regular units===
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From 1 July 1951 8 Field Regiment SAA was active, but was redesignated the [[Johannesburg Regiment]] in 1960.
* [[Artillery Formation Headquarters]]
 
* [[School of Artillery]]
 
* [[4 Artillery Regiment]] (Composite Regiment) (Potchefstroom)
 
* [[Artillery Mobilisation Regiment]]
 
* [[10 Air Defence Regiment]] (Kimberley)
 
   
===Reserve units===
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===Bush War period===
*[[Cape Field Artillery]]
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[[10 Artillery Brigade]] South Africa, was active with 4 and 14 Regiments since 1983, and 14 Artillery Regiment disbanded on January 1, 1993.
*[[Natal Field Artillery]]
 
*[[Transvaal Horse Artillery]]
 
*[[Regiment Potchefstroom Universiteit]]
 
*[[Transvaalse Staatsartillerie]]
 
*[[Vrystaatse Artillerie Regiment]]
 
*[[Pretoria Highlanders]]
 
*[[6 Light AA Regiment]]
 
*[[Cape Garrison Artillery]]
 
*[[Regiment Oos Transvaal]]
 
*[[Regiment Vaalriver]]
 
*[[18 Light Regiment]] (Detached to [[44 Parachute Regiment]] - equipped with 120&nbsp;mm mortars)
 
   
==Recent deployments==
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===National Defence Force Reorganisation===
Due to a shortage of regular infantry, both 4 Artillery Regiment and 10 Air Defence Regiment have recently{{When|date=May 2014}} provided gunners deployed in their secondary role as line infantry in the central African region on peacekeeping duties.
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The army's reorganisation after the creation of the new South African National Defence Force was lengthy. The SA Army Office was established. The Corps were restructured with Regular and Reserve Regiments under command. The so-called “Type Formations” were established which assumed responsibility for the provisioning of combat-ready forces to be employed under the direction of [[Joint Operations Division]].
  +
[[File:SANDF G6 Rhino Klipdrift Military base.jpg|thumb|right|300px|G6 Rhino Howitzers at the Klipdrift military base]]
   
In July 2011 a radar unit from 10 Air Defence Regiment was deployed to [[Juba]], South Sudan to support the [[South African Air Force]]'s [[airspace management]] and air traffic control mission during that country's independence celebrations.<ref>[http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=17354:lead&catid=48:Information%20&%20Communication%20Technologies&Itemid=109 Defenceweb - Thutlwa makes international debut]</ref>
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====Air Defence Artillery becomes a separate formation====
  +
* In 1997 the [[7th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment]], active since the 1960s, was disestablished.
  +
* [[Regiment Overvaal]] (ROV) which was established on 1 April 1969 as an Anti-Aircraft Regiment based on Vereeniging Military Base in [[Vereeniging]]. P Battery of Regiment Vaalrivier was transferred on 1 October 1969 to form 8th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (8LLA). The name changed from 8LLA to ROV on 27 April 1993. The regiment was disestablished in 1997.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.warinangola.com|title=War In Angola: - HOME|work=warinangola.com}}</ref>
   
==Equipment==
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====The Artillery Formation====
  +
The South African Artillery re-organised itself into the South African Army Artillery Formation, directed by the SA Army
  +
Artillery Formation Headquarters.<ref name="nfafact"/><ref name="GunnerDinner">{{Cite web|url = http://www.gunners.org.za/modules/news/article.php?storyid=63|title = Artillery School : SA Army Artillery Formation Officers’ Dinner|date = 22 June 2014|accessdate = 25 September 2014|website = Gunner's Association South Africa|publisher = Gunner's Association|last = |first = |ref = }}</ref>
  +
The South African Army Artillery Formation HQ was established in April 1999.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.rfdiv.mil.za/pdfs/publications/gunner/gunner.pdf |title=Archived copy |accessdate=2015-03-31 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130613003404/http://www.rfdiv.mil.za/pdfs/publications/gunner/gunner.pdf |archivedate=2013-06-13 }}</ref>
  +
[[File:Vulture Launcher System at Ysterplaat Airshow, Cape Town (2).jpg|thumb|right|300px|SAMIL 100 carrying a [[Vulture (South Africa UAV)|Vulture UAV]].]]
   
  +
===Regional Co-operation===
  +
In the annual report for the 2013-14 fiscal year, the SANDF reported the development of artillery cooperation and the establishment of the Namibian Army School of Artillery.<ref>SA Army overstretched - DoD, Guy Martin, 6 Nov 2014 (http://defenceweb.co.za)</ref> The SA Army assisted the [[Namibian Defence Force]] with the development of courses and ultimately the establishment of the [[Namibian School of Artillery]].
  +
  +
==Regular units==
  +
* [[School of Artillery (South Africa)|School of Artillery]]
  +
* [[4 Artillery Regiment]] (Composite Regiment) ([[Potchefstroom]])
  +
* [[Artillery Mobilisation Regiment]]
  +
  +
==Reserve units==
  +
[[File:NFA - Gunner's Memorial 2014 02.JPG|thumb|Maj Gen [[Roy Andersen (South Africa)|Roy Andersen]] with the GOC, Brig Gen [[Deon Holtzhausen]], and Sgt Maj of the Formation accompanied by the [[Natal Field Artillery|NFA]] OC, Major Craig Nel, just after the NFA gunners fired the salute at the Gunner's Memorial Service in Durban 2014]]
  +
* [[Cape Field Artillery]] - equipped with [[G5 howitzer|G5 155mm towed howitzers]], Cape Town
  +
* [[Vrystaatse Artillerie Regiment]] - equipped with G5 155mm towed howitzers, Kroonstad
  +
* [[Natal Field Artillery]] - equipped with [[G6 howitzer|G6 155mm self-propelled howitzers]], Durban
  +
* [[Transvaal Horse Artillery]] - equipped with G6 155mm self-propelled howitzers, Johannesburg
  +
* [[Transvaalse Staatsartillerie]] - equipped with [[Valkiri|Bateleur 127mm MLRS]], Pretoria
  +
* [[Regiment Potchefstroom Universiteit]] - equipped with Bateleur 127mm MLRS, Potchefstroom
  +
* [[18 Light Regiment]] - equipped with 120mm mortars, Pretoria (Airborne unit that supports [[44 Parachute Regiment]])
  +
  +
==Equipment==
 
The Formation uses the following equipment, among others:
 
The Formation uses the following equipment, among others:
   
* [[G6 howitzer|GV6]] 155&nbsp;mm self-propelled [[howitzer]] (20)
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* [[G6 howitzer|GV6]] 155&nbsp;mm self-propelled [[howitzer]] (43)
* [[G5 howitzer|GV5]] 155&nbsp;mm howitzer (75) replaced the G4 155&nbsp;mm gun and the [[BL 5.5 inch Medium Gun|G2 140 mm gun]]
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* [[G5 howitzer|GV5]] 155&nbsp;mm howitzer (75) replaced the [[Soltam M-71|G4 155&nbsp;mm gun]] and the [[BL 5.5 inch Medium Gun|G2 140 mm gun]]
* [[Valkiri|Bateleur]] 127&nbsp;mm 40 tube self-propelled [[multiple rocket launcher]]
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* [[Valkiri|Bateleur]] 127&nbsp;mm 40 tube self-propelled [[multiple rocket launcher]] (25)
* 1 Battery of [[ATE Vulture]] Tactical [[Unmanned Air Vehicle]]s for daytime reconnaissance and artillery spotting
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* 1 Battery of [[ATE Vulture]] Tactical [[Unmanned Air Vehicle]]s for daytime reconnaissance and artillery spotting
* M5 120mm light air deployable [[Mortar (weapons)|mortar]]
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* [[Soltam M-65|M5 120mm]] air deployable [[Mortar (weapons)|mortar]]
 
* [[Reutech Radar Systems]] [[ESR220 Thutlwa]] mobile battery [[Fire control radar|fire control]] post and [[early warning radar]].
 
* [[Reutech Radar Systems]] [[ESR220 Thutlwa]] mobile battery [[Fire control radar|fire control]] post and [[early warning radar]].
* Static and Mobile Radar Guided Anti Aircraft Guns including [[Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon]]
 
* 1 Battery of [[Starstreak missile|Starstreak]] Man Portable Air Defence Missiles
 
   
 
To be acquired:
 
To be acquired:
* Mobile [[Umkhonto missile|Umkhonto]] short range [[surface to air missile]] system (A naval version is already in service with the [[South African Navy]] and [[Finnish Navy]])
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* [[G7 howitzer|G7]] 105&nbsp;mm gun still under development by [[Denel Land Systems]]
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* [[G7 howitzer|G7]] lightweight 105&nbsp;mm gun still under development by [[Denel Land Systems]]
  +
  +
=== Conventional Artillery ===
  +
==== Cannon ====
  +
  +
{| class="wikitable sortable"
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|-
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! Variant !! Description !! Comment !! Image
  +
|-
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| '''G1 Gun Quick Firing''' || 25 pounder, high explosive, anti tank and smoke shells|| {{flag|United Kingdom}} design ||[[File:SANDF G1 Cannon.jpg|100px|SANDF G1 Cannon]]
  +
|-
  +
| '''G2 Gun Breach Loading''' || 5.5 inch medium gun, high explosive||{{flag|United Kingdom}} design||[[File:SANDF G2 Cannon.jpg|200px|SANDF G2 Cannon]]
  +
|-
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| '''G4 Gun Breach Loading''' || 155mm, high explosive||{{flag|Israel}} design, stopgap until the G5 cannon entered service||[[File:SANDF G4 Cannon.jpg|230px|SANDF G4 Cannon]]
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|-
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| '''G5 Gun/Howitzer''' || 155mm, high explosive, Samil 100 Gun tractor||{{flag|South Africa}} design||[[File:G5 with Samil 100 Gun tractor.jpg|700px|G5 with Samil 100 Gun tractor]]
  +
|-
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| '''G6 Gun/Howitzer''' || 155mm, high explosive, Self driven||{{flag|South Africa}} design||[[File:SANDF G6 Rhino.jpg|330px|SANDF G6 Rhino]]
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|-
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| '''Vulture UAV''' || Vulture Forward Observation||{{flag|South Africa}} design. Used for target acquisition, fall-of-shot detection and fire correction in support of Towed and Self Propelled Gun Howitzer Systems.<ref name="para_Vult">{{Cite web
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| title = The Vulture UAV
  +
| author =
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| work = Paramount Group
  +
| date = 2012
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| accessdate = 2015-04-01
  +
| url = http://www.paramountgroup.biz/unmanned-aerial-vehicles/vulture.html
  +
| quote =
  +
}}</ref>||[[File:Vulture Launcher Samil 100.jpg|400px|Vulture Launcher Samil 100]]
  +
|-
  +
|}
  +
  +
==== Multiple Rocket Launcher Systems ====
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{| class="wikitable sortable"
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|-
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! Variant !! Description !! Comment !! Image
  +
|-
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| '''Valkiri MLRS''' || 127mm rocket MLRS||{{flag|South Africa}} design Unimog chassis, pre fragmented warhead, 24 launch tubes||[[File:Valkiri multiple rocket launcher system.jpg|180px|Valkiri multiple rocket launcher system]]
  +
|-
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| '''Bateleur MLRS''' || 127mm rocket MLRS||{{flag|South Africa}} design Kwevoel chassis, pre fragmented warhead, 40 launch tubes||[[File:Bateleur Multiple Rocket Launcher.jpg|300px|Bateleur Multiple Rocket Launcher]]
  +
|-
  +
|}
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
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{{reflist|2}}
  +
  +
* Further reading: {{cite book|first1=Clive|last1=Wilsworth|title=First In, Last Out: The South African Artillery in Action: 1975-1988|year=|publisher=30 Degrees South|url=http://www.30degreessouth.co.za/first_in_last_out.htm|isbn=978-1-920143-40-4}}
   
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
* [http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6561:fact-file-the-sa-artillery-&catid=79:fact-files&Itemid=159 Defenceweb fact file]
 
* [http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6561:fact-file-the-sa-artillery-&catid=79:fact-files&Itemid=159 Defenceweb fact file]
  +
* [http://www.gunners.org.za/ Gunner's Association]
   
{{Wikipedia|South African Army Artillery Formation}}
+
{{SA Army Units}}
 
 
[[Category:Artillery units and formations of South Africa]]
 
[[Category:Artillery units and formations of South Africa]]

Revision as of 21:02, December 4, 2019

Template:Refimprove

South African Army Artillery Formation
SANDF Artillery Formation emblem ver 2.png
SANDF Artillery Formation emblem
Active 1999 to date
Country Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa
Allegiance Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Army
Branch Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa Army Emblem of the South African Army
Type Artillery
Part of South African Army
Colors Guardsmen Red and Oxford Blue[1]
Commanders
General Officer Commanding (GOC) Brig Gen Khaya Makina
General of the Gunners Lt Gen Jabu Mbuli
Insignia
Collar Badge Bursting grenade with seven flames
Beret Colour Oxford Blue
Artillery Battery Emblems SANDF Artillery Battery emblems
Artillery Beret Bar circa 1992 SANDF Artillery Beret Bar

The South African Army Artillery Formation is the controlling entity of all South African Army artillery units. It draws much of its history from the South African Artillery, established in 1934 but with roots that reach back to 1921. The formation consists of both regular and reserve units. There is a separate South African Army Air Defence Artillery Formation that directs army anti-aircraft warfare units.

History

Origins

The South African Permanent Force, created in 1913 as the Permanent Force and re-designated with effect from 23 February 1923, included the South African Field Artillery (SAFA), and the South African Permanent Garrison Artillery (SAPGA). The SAPGA had begun operations some time before, when the coastal defences of the Cape Peninsula (manned by the Cape Garrison Artillery) had been handed over to South Africa in December 1921.
SANDF G5 artillery Lohatla

SANDF G5 artillery Lohatla

In Proclamation No. 246 of 1934, the Governor General of the Union of South Africa merged the two organisations with effect from 1 September 1934 and created one Corps titled the South African Artillery (SAA) (see South African Army corps and branches).

World War 2

Nine field regiments, two medium regiments, and three anti-tank regiments served in North Africa and Italy during the Second World War.[2]

1st Medium Regiment SAA (SAHA) was formed briefly from 1 October 1939 - July 1941, when it was broken up in Egypt to provide replacements for the field regiments of the SAA. It was reformed with headquarters at Cape Town from 1 January 1946. It was transferred from Cape Town and out of Cape Command to Oudtshoorn from 31 December 1953, but was then disbanded after a Citizen Force reorganisation on 1 March 1960.[3]

Post World War 2

From 1 July 1951 8 Field Regiment SAA was active, but was redesignated the Johannesburg Regiment in 1960.

Bush War period

10 Artillery Brigade South Africa, was active with 4 and 14 Regiments since 1983, and 14 Artillery Regiment disbanded on January 1, 1993.

National Defence Force Reorganisation

The army's reorganisation after the creation of the new South African National Defence Force was lengthy. The SA Army Office was established. The Corps were restructured with Regular and Reserve Regiments under command. The so-called “Type Formations” were established which assumed responsibility for the provisioning of combat-ready forces to be employed under the direction of Joint Operations Division.

SANDF G6 Rhino Klipdrift Military base

G6 Rhino Howitzers at the Klipdrift military base

Air Defence Artillery becomes a separate formation

  • In 1997 the 7th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, active since the 1960s, was disestablished.
  • Regiment Overvaal (ROV) which was established on 1 April 1969 as an Anti-Aircraft Regiment based on Vereeniging Military Base in Vereeniging. P Battery of Regiment Vaalrivier was transferred on 1 October 1969 to form 8th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (8LLA). The name changed from 8LLA to ROV on 27 April 1993. The regiment was disestablished in 1997.[4]

The Artillery Formation

The South African Artillery re-organised itself into the South African Army Artillery Formation, directed by the SA Army Artillery Formation Headquarters.[1][5] The South African Army Artillery Formation HQ was established in April 1999.[6]

Vulture Launcher System at Ysterplaat Airshow, Cape Town (2)

SAMIL 100 carrying a Vulture UAV.

Regional Co-operation

In the annual report for the 2013-14 fiscal year, the SANDF reported the development of artillery cooperation and the establishment of the Namibian Army School of Artillery.[7] The SA Army assisted the Namibian Defence Force with the development of courses and ultimately the establishment of the Namibian School of Artillery.

Regular units

Reserve units

NFA - Gunner&#039;s Memorial 2014 02

Maj Gen Roy Andersen with the GOC, Brig Gen Deon Holtzhausen, and Sgt Maj of the Formation accompanied by the NFA OC, Major Craig Nel, just after the NFA gunners fired the salute at the Gunner's Memorial Service in Durban 2014

Equipment

The Formation uses the following equipment, among others:

To be acquired:

Conventional Artillery

Cannon

Variant Description Comment Image
G1 Gun Quick Firing 25 pounder, high explosive, anti tank and smoke shells Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom design SANDF G1 Cannon
G2 Gun Breach Loading 5.5 inch medium gun, high explosiveFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom designSANDF G2 Cannon
G4 Gun Breach Loading 155mm, high explosiveFlag of Israel.svg Israel design, stopgap until the G5 cannon entered serviceSANDF G4 Cannon
G5 Gun/Howitzer 155mm, high explosive, Samil 100 Gun tractorFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa designG5 with Samil 100 Gun tractor
G6 Gun/Howitzer 155mm, high explosive, Self drivenFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa designSANDF G6 Rhino
Vulture UAV Vulture Forward ObservationFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa design. Used for target acquisition, fall-of-shot detection and fire correction in support of Towed and Self Propelled Gun Howitzer Systems.[8]Vulture Launcher Samil 100

Multiple Rocket Launcher Systems

Variant Description Comment Image
Valkiri MLRS 127mm rocket MLRSFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa design Unimog chassis, pre fragmented warhead, 24 launch tubesValkiri multiple rocket launcher system
Bateleur MLRS 127mm rocket MLRSFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa design Kwevoel chassis, pre fragmented warhead, 40 launch tubesBateleur Multiple Rocket Launcher

References

External links

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