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Spanish ship Juan Sebastián Elcano
Juan Sebastián Elcano remolcado al muelle (14466143300)
Elcano in Pontevedra
Career (Spain) Flag of Spain.svg
Name: Juan Sebastian Elcano
Namesake: Juan Sebastián Elcano
Operator: Spanish Navy
Ordered: 17 April 1925
Builder: Echevarrieta y Larrinaga yard, Cadiz, Spain
Cost: 8,189,532,28 pesetas[1](€49,220)[2]
Launched: 5 March 1927
Commissioned: August, 1928
Maiden voyage: 19 April 1928
Homeport: Cadiz, Spain
Identification:
  • IMO number: 8642567
  • Maritime Mobile Service Identity number: 224977000
  • Callsign: EBCB
Status: Active
Notes: training ship
Badge: Coat of Arms of Juan Sebastián Elcano A-71
General characteristics
Displacement: 3673 tons
Length: 113 m (371 ft)
Beam: 13.11 m (43.0 ft)
Height: 48.5 m (159 ft)
Draft: 7 m (23 ft)
Sail plan: four-masted barquentine; 21 sails, total sail area of 2,870 m2 (30,900 sq ft)[3]
Speed:
  • max 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph) engine
  • 17.5 knots (32.4 km/h; 20.1 mph) sail
Complement: 300 sailors, 90 midshipmen
Armament: 2 × 57 mm ceremonial gun mounts
Notes: Line art of Juan Sebastián de Elcano
Spanish tallship Elcano

Juan Sebastián de Elcano is a training ship for the Royal Spanish Navy. It is a four-masted topsail, steel-hulled barquentine (schooner barque). At 113 metres (371 ft) long, it is the third-largest tall ship in the world, and is the sailing vessel that has sailed the furthest, covering more than 2,000,000 nautical miles (3,700,000 km; 2,300,000 mi) in its history.

It is named after Spanish explorer Juan Sebastián Elcano, captain of Ferdinand Magellan's last exploratory fleet and the man to lead the first circumnavigation of the world. The ship also carries the Elcano coat of arms, which was granted to the family by Emperor Charles I following Elcano's return in 1522 from Magellan's global expedition. The coat of arms is a terraqueous globe with the motto "Primus Circumdedisti Me" (meaning: "First to circumnavigate me").

Build and designEdit

'Juan Sebastián de Elcano' was built in 1927 in Cadiz, Spain, and its hull was designed by the naval architect Mr C E Nicholson of Camper and Nicholsons Ltd of Southampton. Constructed by Echevarrieta y Larrinaga shipyard[4] in Cadiz. After the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic in April 1931 the ship became part of the Spanish Republican Navy.

In 1933 under Commander Salvador Moreno Fernández's order, a series of improvements were made to the ship and the bronze plate with the Latin language inscription Tu Primus Circumdedisti Me was placed near the prow. At the time of the coup of July 1936 Juan Sebastián Elcano was at Ferrol, a harbor that had been taken by the Nationalist faction. Its plans were used twenty-five years later to construct its Chilean sail training vessel sister ship Esmeralda in 1952-1954.

Maiden voyageEdit

Its first voyage was sea testing between April and July that year from Cádiz to Malaga, with King Alfonso XIII on board as a passenger, and then on to Sevilla, Las Palmas, Tenerife, San Sebastián, Cádiz, São Vicente, Cape Verde, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, Suva, San Francisco, California, Balboa, Panama, Havana, New York City, Cádiz.[5]

Naval Commanders of Juan Sebastián ElcanoEdit

Commanders that have been in charge of Juan Sebastián Elcano for crossings and instruction.[6]

  • Manuel de Mendivil y Elio. 29 September 1927
  • Claudio Lago de Lanzos y Díaz. 4 June 1929
  • Joaquín Lórez Cortijo. 5 June 1931
  • Salvador Moreno Fernández. 7 June 1933
  • Cristóbal González-Aller y Acebal. 24 June 1935
  • Fernando Meléndez Bojart. 15 December
  • Pedro Sans Torres. 20 December 1940
  • Camilo Carrero Blanco. 17 January 1942
  • Antonio Blanco García. 24 November 1942
  • Leopoldo Boado Endeiza. 27 June 1944
  • Manuel de la Puente y Magallanes. 18 July 1946
  • Álvaro de Urzáiz y de Silva. 15 July 1948
  • Luis Cebreiro Blanco. 3 August 1950
  • Gonzalo Díaz García. 15 July 1952
  • José Yusty Pita. 19 August 1953
  • José Ramón González López. 20 July 1955
  • Miguel Domingo Sotelo. 27 August 1958
  • José Díaz Cuñado. 26 September 1960
  • Teodoro de Leste y Cisneros. 22 December 1961
  • Francisco Javier de Elizalde y Laínez. 6 August 1963
  • Salvador Vázquez Durán. 18 November 1964
  • Francisco Gil de Sola Caballero. 17 August 1966
  • Álvaro Fontanals Baron. 20 September 1968
  • Agustín Rosety Caro. 1 August 1970
  • Ricardo Vallespín Raurell. 28 September 1971
  • Marcial Fournier Palicio. 1 September 1973
  • Antonio Nalda y Díaz de Tuesta. 26 September 1975
  • Ángel Luis Díaz del Río y Martínez. 3 October 1977
  • Ignacio Cela Diz. 3 de October 1979

  • Cristóbal Colón de Carvajal y Maroto. 7 January 1981
  • Rafael Ceñal Fernández. 30 October 1982
  • Manuel de la Puente y Sicre. 19 August 1983
  • Antonio Diufain de Alba. 23 August 1984
  • Rafael Martí Narbona. 15 November 1985
  • Gabriel Portal Antón. 10 July 1987
  • José Alejandro Artal Delgado. 25 November 1988
  • Pedro Lapique Quiñones. 3 October 1989
  • Rafael Vallejo Ruiz. 4 October 1991
  • Ángel Tajuelo Pardo de Andrade. 1 October 1992
  • Juan José González-Irún Sánchez. 8 October 1993
  • Antonio González-Aller Suevos. 4 October 1994
  • Manuel Calvo Freijomil. 15 September 1995
  • Sebastián Zaragoza Soto. 18 September 1996
  • Teodoro de Leste Contreras. 2 October 1997
  • Constantino Lobo Franco. 11 September 1998
  • Juan C. Muñoz-Delgado Díaz del Río. 8 October 1999
  • Jaime Rodríguez-Toubes Núñez. 6 October 2000
  • Manuel Rebollo García. 5 October 2001
  • Santiago Bolívar Piñeiro. 4 October 2002
  • Juan F. Martínez Núñez. 3 October 2003
  • Luis Cayetano y Garrido. 29 September 2004
  • Salvador M. Delgado Moreno. 29 September 2005
  • Javier Romero Caramelo. 21 September 2007
  • Manuel de la Puente Mora-Figueroa. 25 September 2009
  • Alfonso Carlos Gómez Fernández de Córdoba. 23 September 2011
  • Enrique Torres Piñeyro. September 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Juan Sebastián Elcano" - Astilleroscadiz.buques.org
  2. History summary of the ship Juan Sebastián de Elcano
  3. Technical details
  4. Sailing Ship Rigs and Rigging, H A Underhill, p.50
  5. History summary of the ship Juan Sebastián de Elcano
  6. Relación de Comandantes de J. S. de Elcano en sus cruceros de instrucción|autor. Ministerio de Defensa|fechaacceso

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