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Spartan NP-1
A Spartan NP-1 in 1940
Role Biplane trainer
National origin United States
Manufacturer Spartan Aircraft Company
Primary user United States Navy
Number built 201
Developed from Spartan C-3

The Spartan NP-1 was a two-seat primary trainer designed and built by the Spartan Aircraft Company for the United States Navy reserve units.

Development[edit | edit source]

On 10 July 1940 the company received an order from the United States Navy for 201 aircraft for use as a biplane primary trainer, it was to be a modernised version of the companies earlier C-3. It was a conventional biplane with two-seats in tandem open cockpits. Designated by the company as the NS-1 it was given the military designation NP-1. The NP-1 was powered by a 220 hp (164 kW) Lycoming R-680-8 radial engine.

Operators[edit | edit source]

United States

Specifications (NP-1)[edit | edit source]

Data from United States Navy Aircraft since 1911[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 (pilot, student)
  • Length: 24 ft 3 in (7.39 m)
  • Wingspan: 33 ft 9 in (10.29 m)
  • Gross weight: 3006 lb (1366 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming R-680-8 radial engine, 220 hp (164 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 108 mph (174 km/h)

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Swanborough and Bowers 1976, p. 468.
  • Swanborough, Gordon; Bowers, Peter M. (1976). United States Navy Aircraft since 1911 (Second ed.). London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-10054-9. 
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. 
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 

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