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Springfield Model 1888
Type Breech-loading rifle
Place of origin Flag of the United States (1867–1877).svg United States
Service history
Used by United States Army
Wars Spanish American War
Production history
Designed 1888
Manufacturer Springfield Armory
Produced 1890-1893
Number built 60,000
Specifications
Length 51.875 in (1,317.6 mm)
Barrel length 32.625 in (828.7 mm)

Cartridge .45-70-405
Action Hinged breechblock
Rate of fire Approx. 10 rounds a minute
Muzzle velocity 1,350 feet per second (410 m/s)

The Springfield Model 1888 was one of several models of "Trapdoor Springfield" rifles produced in the late 19th century.

The Trapdoor Springfields had originally been produced with reworked bayonets left over from the Civil War. When supplies of these bayonets ran low, Springfield Armory attempted to create a new design, as these bayonets were considered to be obsolete.

For the Springfield Model 1880, Springfield Armory had attempted to combine the bayonet and cleaning rod into a single unit. This model had not been successful, due to problems with the bayonet/ramrod retaining mechanism and poor ballistic performance of the weapon due to the heavy forward mounting mechanism.

The Model 1888 was Springfield's last attempt at producing a combined cleaning rod and bayonet design. The Model 1888 was based on the Model 1873 line of rifles, which had undergone several refinements which had been incorporated into the Springfield Model 1884. Unlike the earlier Model 1880, the Model 1888 used a round rod bayonet design.

The Model 1888 proved to be much more successful than the Model 1880. Between 1890 and 1893, over 60,000 Model 1888 rifles were produced.

During the Spanish American war, regular army troops were generally issued the new Krag rifles, while guard units were often issued older Trapdoor Springfields, typically Model 1884 or Model 1888 rifles.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

"Buffalo soldiers, 1866-91" By Ron Field

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