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St. Nicholas Fortress
Tvrđava Sv. Nikole
Šibenik Sibenik coat of arms Dalmatia
Croatia
St. Nicholas Fortress 0048
Type Fortress Castlesymbol
Coordinates Latitude: 43.722
Longitude: 15.854
Built 1540.-1547.
Built by Hyeronimus di San Michaela
Construction
materials
Limestone
Current
condition
Preserved
Current
owner
Šibenik, Croatia
Open to
the public
Yes
Controlled by Republic of Venice

St. Nicholas Fortress (Croatian language:Tvrđava Sv. Nikole ) is a fortress located in the town of Šibenik, one of the oldest native Croatian towns on the eastern shores of the Adriatic, in central Dalmatia, Croatia.

HistoryEdit

In the town of Šibenik there are four fortresses:

  • St. Nicholas Fortress (Tvrđava Sv. Nikole)
  • St. Michael Fortress (Tvrđava Sv. Mihovila)
  • St. John Fortress (Tvrđava Sv. Ivana)
  • Šubićevac Fortress

Only St. Nicholas Fortress is at sea, at the entrance of Šibenik port, and the other three are on land.

St. Nicholas Fortress was built on the left side at the entrance of the St. Anthony (Sv. Ante) channel, on the island called Ljuljevac, in front of the Šibenik port. St. Nicholas Fortress got its name from the Benedictine Monastery of St. Nicholas, which was on the island, but due to construction of the fortress had to be demolished. At the request of domestic Croat population of Šibenik, the Venetian captain Alojzije de Canal decided to build a fort on an island of Ljuljevac in 30 April 1525. Fortress was designed and built by the famous Venetian architect and builder Hyeronimus di San Michaela. It was built by in the 16th century to prevent Turkish boats from reaching the port. St. Nicholas Fortress was armed with 32 cannon. However, its imposing appearance and size were a bigger threat to the enemy than canons.

ArchitectureEdit

+Sebenico by Martin Rota

St. Nicholas Fortress is at the entrance of the St. Anthony channel on the map from 16th century

The fortress is one of the most valuable and best preserved examples of defense architecture in Dalmatia. The fortress is made of brick because this material was considered to be most resistant to cannon balls, while the foundations are made of stone. Although defense capabilities of the fortress have never been tested in military operations, the structure still proved successful in protecting the city from sea-bound enemy attacks. During the centuries of use, the structure served to various armies and has undergone a number of renovations, some of them made necessary because of the development of arms. It was completely abandoned by the military in 1979 and has been in renovation ever since.

NotesEdit

In the Mediterranean, there are two similar forts: one on the island of Malta, and the other is in Venice, and her name is Saint Nicholas.

See alsoEdit

  • Šibenik

External linksEdit

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