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St Andrew's Castle
Hamble-le-Rice, Hampshire
Coordinates Latitude: 50.8515
Longitude: -1.3172

St.Andrew's Castle is all that remains of a defensive structure dating to the reign of King Henry VIII.[1] It was built around 1543 as part of the Device Forts, a chain of coastal fortifications designed to defend the solent from French naval attack.[2] The site is located on Hamble Common, to the south of the village of Hamble-le-Rice. The area is also the site of an Iron Age promontory hillfort, Hamble Common Camp.

The site has a prominent position over Southampton Water and investigations suggest that it originally consisted of a rectangular structure fronted by a gun-platform with a semi-circular layout.[1] The castle was protected by a moat with an additional two gun-platform mounted on the Counterscarp.[1] The structure was intact as late as the early 17th century.[3] It was disabled in 1642 by Cromwell's Parliamentary forces and afterwards left to dereliction.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Osborne, Mike (2011). Defending Hampshire The Military Landscape from Prehistory to the Present. The History Press. p. 57. ISBN 9780752459868. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Hamble Local History webpage for St Andrew's Castle". http://www.hamblelocalhistory.hampshire.org.uk/Articles/StAndrewsCastle.htm. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  3. Osborne, Mike (2011). Defending Hampshire The Military Landscape from Prehistory to the Present. The History Press. pp. 58–59. ISBN 9780752459868. 

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