St.Andrew's Castle is all that remains of a defensive structure dating to the reign of King Henry VIII. It was built around 1543 as part of the Device Forts, a chain of coastal fortifications designed to defend the solent from French naval attack. The site is located on Hamble Common, to the south of the village of Hamble-le-Rice. The area is also the site of an Iron Age promontory hillfort, Hamble Common Camp.
The site has a prominent position over Southampton Water and investigations suggest that it originally consisted of a rectangular structure fronted by a gun-platform with a semi-circular layout. The castle was protected by a moat with an additional two gun-platform mounted on the Counterscarp. The structure was intact as late as the early 17th century. It was disabled in 1642 by Cromwell's Parliamentary forces and afterwards left to dereliction.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Osborne, Mike (2011). Defending Hampshire The Military Landscape from Prehistory to the Present. The History Press. p. 57. ISBN 9780752459868.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 "Hamble Local History webpage for St Andrew's Castle". http://www.hamblelocalhistory.hampshire.org.uk/Articles/StAndrewsCastle.htm. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
- ↑ Osborne, Mike (2011). Defending Hampshire The Military Landscape from Prehistory to the Present. The History Press. pp. 58–59. ISBN 9780752459868.
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