|Controlled by||Nazi Germany|
Stalag III-C was a German Army World War II POW camp for Allied soldiers. It was located on a plain near the village of Alt Drewitz bei Küstrin in the Neumark of the state of Brandenburg, (now Drzewice, Kostrzyn nad Odrą, Poland), about 50 mi (80 km) east of Berlin.
Initially the camp served as a place of internment of several thousands of soldiers and NCOs from Poland, France, Britain, Yugoslavia and Belgium. Since 1943 also a number of Italian POWs were kept there. From 1944 soldiers from the United States of America were kept there. The majority of the Soviet prisoners (up to 12,000) were killed or starved to death. Most of the lower rank prisoners were sent to Arbeitskommandos to work in industry and on farms in Brandenburg. However the administration stayed with the Stammlager.
- June 1940 the camp was established 6 km (3.7 mi) from Küstrin for Belgian and French prisoners from the Battle of France.
- May to June 1941 Yugoslavian prisoners and British prisoners arrived from the Balkans Campaign
- July 1941 Soviet prisoners taken during Operation Barbarossa arrived. They were held in separated facilities and suffered severe conditions and starvation. They were not accorded the treatment required by the Third Geneva Convention. Thousands of them died of starvation and disease.
- September 1943 Italians arrived who had been interned because of the Italian Armistice.
- September 1944 the first Americans arrived, taken prisoner as a result of the failure of Operation Market Garden or during the advance of the U.S. Army towards Germany.
- 1 December 1944 the roster showed 2,036 Americans, 631 Belgians, 1,416 British, 17,568 French, 1,046 Italian, 2 Polish, 1,591 Serbian, and 13,727 Soviet prisoners.
- December 1944 more American prisoners arrived, taken prisoner in the Battle of the Bulge.
- January 31, 1945 the camp was freed by the Red Army. Many Americans escaped during the January 31, 1945 assault. The remaining American and British prisoners were eventually moved by train to Odessa on the Black Sea for repatriation.
Joseph Beyrle was a paratrooper,in the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 101st Airborne Division. Captured in Normandy in June 1944 he was taken to POW Camp. He escaped twice, recaptured he was sent to Stalag III-C. Early January 1945 he escaped again and made his way to a Soviet tank battalion. He convinced the legendary tank brigade commander Alexandra Samusenko (allegedly the only female tank officer of that rank in WWII) to allow him to fight with them. He is believed to be the only American serviceman to have actually fought in a Soviet unit. Wounded during a German air attack, he was evacuated to a Soviet military hospital, from where he was sent to Moscow to the U.S. Embassy. (His son, John Beyrle, returned there to serve as United States Ambassador to Russia 2008–2012.)
Walter Mehlhaff was captured 19 September 1944 during the fighting of the 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division, on the German border. Imprisoned at Stalag III-C he escaped from a work group early January 1945. He made his way towards Poland and finally was taken to Odessa for repatriation.
- ↑ "Kostrzyn nad Odra History". Information Portal to European Sites of Remembrance. 2013. http://www.memorialmuseums.org/eng/denkmaeler/view/1459/Stalag-III-C-Cemetery. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- ↑ "Tourist-Information Küstrin Nationalpark Warthemündung". tourist-info-kostrzyn.de. 2013. http://www.tourist-info-kostrzyn.de/texte/seite.php?id=141666. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- ↑ Kriegsgefangenenlager Alt-Drewitz Stalag III-C [dead link]
- ↑ Taylor, Thomas (2004). Behind Hitler's Lines: The True Story of the Only Soldier to Fight for both America and the Soviet Union in World War II. Presidio Press. ISBN 0-89141-845-8.
- ↑ Testimonies from the Midwest (Registration required)
- "Stalag 3C POW Camp". The Wartime Memories Project. 2012. http://www.wartimememories.co.uk/pow/stalag3c.html. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- Marsh, Harold (2008). "Diary of Harold Marsh, captured Normandy, June 1944". pegasusarchive.org. http://www.pegasusarchive.org/pow/harold_marsh.htm. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- "Stalag III-C Reunion". American Ex-POW. June 2003. http://www.axpow.org/stories-june2002.htm. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
- Earl Chrudimsky receives medals 61 years after being wounded[dead link]
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