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Stephen Blucke
Born c. 1752
Barbados, British Empire
Died c. 1795 (aged 43)
British Canada, British Empire
Occupation soldier, colonizer, teacher
Years active 1777–1783
Title Colonel
Spouse(s) Margaret Coventry
Children Isabel Gibbons
Military career
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1775–1783
Rank Colonel (honorary rank)
Commands held Black Company of Pioneers (1777-1780) and Black Brigade (1780-1783)

American Revolutionary War

  • Raids in Monmouth County, Province of New Jersey (1779-1780)

Stephen Blucke (born c. 1752) was a Black Loyalist, in the American Revolutionary War, and one the commanding officer, of the British Loyalist provincial unit, the Black Company of Pioneers.[1] The "Black Pioneers" were a Black Loyalist company, of soldiers, who worked labor detail, for the British Army.

Early life[]

American Revolutionary War[]

Black Company of Pioneers[]

Black Brigade[]

After the death of Black Loyalist and guerrilla leader Colonel Tye in 1780, Stephen Blucke was given the honorary rank of "Colonel" and took command, of another Black Loyalist unit, a group of military associators, known as the infamous "Black Brigade", until the end of the war.[2]

Like, many exiled, Black Loyalists, he came to the Maritimes, in British Canada, after the war and settled in Birchtown, Nova Scotia, in 1783[3] and became a teacher and taught at one of the Bray Schools.[4] He has been referred to as "the true founder of the Afro-Nova Scotian community".[5]


See also[]

  • Black Nova Scotians


  1. Brown, Wallace (1969). The good Americans: the loyalists in the American Revolution. William Morrow and Company. p. 203. 
  2. Jonathan D. Sutherland, African Americans at War, ABC-CLIO, 2003, pp. 420–421, accessed 4 May 2010
  3. Clarkson, John (1971). Clarkson's mission to America 1791–1792. Public Archives of Nova Scotia. p. 191. 
  4. Loyalists and Layabouts, p. 219, note 68
  5. Barry Cahill. Stephen Blucke: The Perils of Being a "White Negro" in Loyalist Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Historical Review. 1999. No.1, p. 129

External links[]

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