|Syrian Arab Navy|
|البحرية العربية السورية|
Flag of the Syrian Arab Navy
|President of Syria||Bashar al-Assad|
|Minister of Defense||General Fahd Jassem al-Freij|
|Chief of Naval Staff||Vice Admiral Talib al-Barri|
|4,356,413 (2005 est.), age 15–49|
|3,453,888 (2005 est.), age 15–49|
|225,113 (2005 est.)|
|Budget||$935 million to 2 billion (FY11)|
|Percent of GDP||3.8% (FY00)|
The Syrian Navy (Arabic language: البحرية العربية السورية) is the smallest of the Syrian Armed Forces. It is under the Syrian Army's Latakia regional command with the fleet based in the ports of Baniyas, Latakia, Minat al Bayda, and Tartus.
In 1950, the Syrian Navy was established following the procurement of a few naval vessels from France. The initial personnel consisted of army soldiers who had been sent to French naval academies for training.
Tartus hosts a Soviet-era naval supply and maintenance base, under a 1971 agreement with Syria. The base was established during the Cold War to support the Soviet Navy's fleet in the Mediterranean Sea. Since Russia forgave Syria of three-fourths of its $13.4 billion Soviet-era debt and became its main arms supplier, Russia and Syria have conducted talks about allowing Russia to develop and enlarge its naval base, so that Russia can strengthen its naval presence in the Mediterranean. Amid Russia's deteriorating relations with the West, because of the 2008 South Ossetia War and plans to deploy a US missile defense shield in Poland, President Assad agreed to the port’s conversion into a permanent Middle East base for Russia’s nuclear-armed warships. Since 2009, Russia has been renovating the Tartus naval base and dredging the port to allow access for its larger naval vessels.
Syrian civil war
During the Syrian civil war, it is claimed[by whom?] that Syrian Navy warships supported a military attack by government forces against rebels in the town of Latakia. Syrian Rebels have attempted to recruit fishermen to stop shipments of weapons to the coast. Syrian News claims that a Syrian warship sank an Israeli Dolphin class submarine by torpedo attack in 150 meters of water on May 2, 2013.http://www.syrianews.cc/syrianews-exclusive-syrian-navy-destroys-israeli-submarine/
- two Romeo class submarines (inactive).
- Frigates: 2 Petya III
- Al Assari 1-508
- Al Hirasa 2-508
- Missile boats:
- 8 Osa I
- 12 Osa II
- 10 Tir II (IPS 18) - believed to be local produced by Maritime Industries Group or copies of North Korean patrol boats
- Patrol craft
- 8 Zhuk class patrol boat are 45' inshore vessels
- 6 MIG-S-1800 class - monohull and catamaran produced by Maritime Industries Group with longer variants (S-1900, and S-2600)
- Amphibious warfare vessels:
- Mine warfare vessels :
- Naval aviation:
- 618th Maritime Warfare Squadron
- PRC C-802
- USSR P-5 Pyatyorka (SS-N-1 Sepal)[verification needed]
- USSR P-15 Termit (SS-N-3 Styx)
- RUS K-300P Bastion-P / P-800 Yakhont (2 systems delivered in 2011)
- USSR M1954 (M-46)
- "Military Strength of Syria". Globalfirepower. http://globalfirepower.com/country-military-strength-detail.asp?country_id=Syria.
- IISS 2010, pp. 272–273
- "Syrian Arab Navy". GlobalSecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/syria/navy.htm.
- "The Battle of Latakia". Jewish Virtual Library. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/latakia.html.
- Weitz, Richard (2010). Global security watch--Russia : a reference handbook. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Praeger Security International. pp. 30. ISBN 978-0-313-35434-2. http://books.google.com/?id=VcdZ9s2IAwMC&pg=PA30.
- "Big Russian flotilla led by Admiral Kuznetsov carrier heads for Syrian port". DEBKAfile. 21 August 2008. Archived from the original on 23 August 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080823171949/http://www.debka.com/headline.php?hid=5526. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "INSS: Syria Report". Institute for National Security Studies. http://www.inss.org.il/upload/(FILE)1287493352.pdf. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
- "Syrian 'warships shell port city of Latakia'". Al Jazeera. 14 August 2011. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/middleeast/2011/08/201181475734965763.html.
- "Small Boat Initiative: Free Syrian Navy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-18. https://archive.is/fayj0.
- "Petya Class - Project 159". GlobalSecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/159.htm.
- C-802 in Syria 7/7/2012 (video)
- "Syria Receives More Russian SS-N-26 Yakhont Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles". May 18, 2013. http://defenseupdates.blogspot.com/2013/05/syria-receives-more-russian-ss-n-26.html.
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