TP-82 in Saint Petersburg Artillery museum
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Weight||2.4 kg (with stock)|
|Cartridge||5.45×39mm (below) and 12.5×70 shotgun shells (above)|
|Effective range||200 meters|
The TP-82 pistol (Russian: ТП-82) was a triple-barreled Soviet firearm that was carried by cosmonauts on space missions.
It was intended as a survival aid to be used after landings and before recovery in the Siberian wilderness. The upper two smoothbore barrels used 12.5×70 mm ammunition (32 gauge), and the lower rifled barrel used 5.45×39mm ammunition. The pistol could be used for hunting, to defend against predators and for visible and audible distress signals. The detachable buttstock was also a machete that came with a canvas sheath.
TP-82s were carried regularly on Soviet and Russian space missions from 1986 to 2006. They were part of the Soyuz Portable Emergency-Survival Kit (Носимый аварийный запас, Nosimyi Avariynyi Zapas, NAZ). In 2007, the media reported that the remaining ammunition for the TP-82 had become unusable and that a regular semi-automatic pistol would be used on future missions.
- Combination gun
- M6 Aircrew Survival Weapon
- M30 Luftwaffe drilling
- List of multiple barrel firearms
- List of Russian weaponry
- Bonnie Malkin and agencies (October 11, 2007). "Russians blast off without space pistol". Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/10/09/wpistol109.xml.
- Technical data and image on hunt4a.ru
- Soyuz survival gear on suzymchale.com
- Russia has the corner on guns in space - MSNBC, updated 2:09 p.m. PT, Tues., Feb. 12, 2008
- TP-82 : Russian space pistol / shotgun / carbine / flare gun no longer being carried into space (with photos) - The Firearm Blog
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