|TR-1 Temp |
9P120 launcher with 9M76 rocket of missile complex Temp-S
|Type||Theatre ballistic missile|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|In service||1969 - 1989|
|Used by||Soviet Armed Forces|
|Manufacturer||Votkinsk Machine Building Plant|
|Weight||9,700 kg (21,400 lb)|
|Length||12.4 m (41 ft)|
|Diameter||1.01 m (3 ft 4 in)|
|Warhead||Single 500 kt warhead|
|Engine||Single-stage liquid propellant|
|900 km (560 mi)|
|Accuracy||370 m (1,210 ft) CEP|
The TR-1 Temp is a mobile theatre ballistic missile developed and deployed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. It was assigned the NATO reporting name SS-12 Scaleboard and carried the industrial designation 9M76. A modified version was initially identified by NATO as a new design and given the SS-22 reporting name, but later recognized it as merely a variant of the original and maintained the name Scaleboard. The Temp entered service in the mid-1960s.
The TR-1 was designed as a mobile weapon to give theatre (front) commanders nuclear strike capability. The weapon used the same mobile launcher (MAZ-543) as the R-11 Scud missile but had an environmental protective cover that split down the middle and was only opened when the missile was ready to fire. All were decommissioned in 1988-1989.
Operators[edit | edit source]
- Soviet Union
- The Soviet Armed Forces were the only operator of the TR-1 Temp, though it was often placed in lands of Warsaw Pact for example - Military domain Libavá, Czechoslovakia (49°43′13″ N, 17°31′18″ E). Its active reach from there covered whole Germany, parts of France and Netherlands.
See also[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Hogg, Ian (2000). Twentieth-Century Artillery. Friedman/Fairfax Publishers. ISBN 1-58663-299-X
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