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T 47-class destroyer
Model of Chevalier Paul (D626) in her original configuration.
Model of Chevalier Paul (D626) in her original configuration.
Class overview
Name: T 47 or Surcouf class
Builders: Arsenal de Brest
Arsenal de Lorient
Forges et Chantiers de la Gironde
Ateliers et Chantiers de Bretagne
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: Fantasque class, Hardi class
Succeeded by: T 53 class
Subclasses: Anti-submarine and anti-air variants after refit
In commission: 1955-1991
Completed: 12
Preserved: Maillé-Brézé
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 2,750 long tons (2,794 t) standard
3,740 long tons (3,800 t) full load
Length: 128.6 m (422 ft)
Beam: 12.7 m (41 ft 8 in)
Draught: 5.4 m (17 ft 9 in)
Installed power: 63,000 shp (47 MW)
Propulsion: 4 diesel boilers
Parsons geared steam turbines
2 shafts
Speed: 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)
Range: 5,000 nmi (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Complement: 347
Armament:
  • As built:
  • 6 × Model 1948 127 mm (5 in) guns (3 twin turrets)
  • 6 × 57 mm (2.2 in) guns (3 twin turrets)
  • 4 × 20 mm (0.8 in) guns (4×1)
  • 12 × 550 mm (21.7 in) torpedo tubes (4×3)

The T 47 class (or Surcouf class) were the first destroyers built for the French Navy after the Second World War. Twelve ships were built between 1955 and 1957. The ships were modernised in the 1960s and decommissioned in the 1980s, when they were replaced by the Georges Leygues-class frigates.

These ships were larger than other contemporary European destroyers and were based on the wartime Hardi class, but were enlarged and had a dual purpose armament. The ships were designed as Squadron escorts (Escorteur d'escadre) rather than for independent operations, therefore they had a slower speed than their predecessors. The main guns were the French designed Model 1948 127-millimetre (5 in)/54 gun, which enabled them to use the same 5-inch shells as the U.S. Mark 18 gun.[1] The secondary armament was composed of 57mm/60 modèle 1951 guns.

Modifications[edit | edit source]

During the 1960s the entire class were modernised and modified as either flotilla flagships, anti-aircraft guided missile or anti-submarine destroyers.

Flagships[edit | edit source]

Three ships — Surcouf, Cassard, and Chevalier Paul — were converted into flotilla flagships (conducteurs de flottilles) between 1960 and 1962. One 57 mm gun turret, two triple torpedo launchers and two 20 mm guns were removed in order to enlarge the superstructure to accommodate an admiral, his staff, and additional communications equipment.[2]

AAW modernisation[edit | edit source]

Bouvet (D624) after her "Tartar" refit

Four ships — Bouvet, Kersaint, Dupetit-Touhars and Du Chayla — were modernised as anti-aircraft guided missile destroyers in 1962–1965.

Armament

ASW modernisation[edit | edit source]

Five ships — D'Estrées, Maillé-Brézé, Vauquelin, Casabianca and Guépratte — were modernised as anti-submarine destroyers in 1968–1970.

Armament

Ships[edit | edit source]

Pennant Name Named after Builder Commissioned Modernisation Fate
D621 Surcouf[4] Robert Surcouf Arsenal de Lorient 1 November 1955 Flagship Accidentally rammed in 1971
Surviving aft part sunk as target in 1972
D622 Kersaint[5] Armand de Kersaint Arsenal de Lorient 20 March 1956 Anti-air Decommissioned 3 March 1984
Sunk as a target in the Atlantic, May 1986
D623 Cassard[6] Jacques Cassard AC Bretagne 14 April 1956 Flagship Decommissioned 1 October 1974
Scrapped in Spain, 1989
D624 Bouvet[7] Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier Arsenal de Lorient 13 May 1956 Anti-air Decommissioned 1 January 1982
Served as breakwater at Lorient
Towed to Ghent, Belgium, for scrapping, September 2012[8]
D625 Dupetit-Thouars[9] Aristide Aubert Du Petit Thouars Arsenal de Brest 15 September 1956 Anti-air Decommissioned April 1988
Breakwater at Lanvéoc
D626 Chevalier Paul[10] Chevalier Paul FC de la Gironde 22 December 1956 Flagship Decommissioned June 1971
Sunk off Toulon by Super Étendard aircraft from the carrier Clemenceau, May 1987
D627 Maillé-Brézé[11] Jean Armand de Maillé-Brézé Arsenal de Lorient 4 May 1957 Anti-submarine Decommissioned 1 April 1988
Museum ship at Nantes
D628 Vauquelin[12] Moise Vauquelin Arsenal de Lorient 3 November 1956 Anti-submarine Decommissioned 6 November 1986
Used as a target for testing the Crotale NG missile system, 1988-2001
Sunk by Super Étendard aircraft from the carrier Charles de Gaulle, 13 February 2004, then destroyed with explosives by clearance divers
D629 D'Estrées[13] Jean II and Victor-Marie d'Estrées Arsenal de Brest 19 March 1957 Anti-submarine Decommissioned 3 July 1985
Sunk off Toulon by a F17 Mod2 torpedo from the submarine Saphir, 12 September 2001
D630 Du Chayla[14] Armand Blanquet du Chayla Arsenal de Brest 4 June 1957 Anti-air Decommissioned 15 November 1991
Sunk off the coast of Brittany with explosives, September 2001
D631 Casabianca[15] Luc-Julien-Joseph Casabianca AC Bretagne 4 May 1957 Anti-submarine Decommissioned 7 September 1984
Sold for scrapping at Brest, 1987
D632 Guépratte[16] Émile Paul Amable Guépratte FC de la Gironde 6 June 1957 Anti-submarine Decommissioned 5 August 1985
Sunk in the Mediterranean by two Exocet AM39 missiles fired by a Super Étendard aircraft, 9 November 1994

Script error: No such module "Gallery".



Template:Lua Template:Uses TemplateStyles

This template provides advanced gallery building functionality (fine-tuned formatting control). For creating generic galleries, use the Gallery tag.

This template displays a gallery of images in an array, left-to-right in rows. Global parameters |width= and |height= control the size of all images in the gallery. The number of images per row is based upon the image width parameters and the width of the screen. The number of images per row can change when the user resizes the window.

For style guidelines about where galleries are appropriate, see Wikipedia:Image use policy#Image galleries § Notes.

Blank syntax[edit source]

{{Gallery
| title        = 
| align        =
| footer       =
| style        =
| state        =
| height       =
| width        =
| captionstyle =
| File:
 | alt1=
 | Write a caption here
| File:
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| File:
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| File:
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| File:
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Parameters[edit source]

For each image[edit source]

Specify a line of the following form for each image.

|File:Filename |altn=Alt text |Caption

Where:

|File:Filename – the image's file name. Either File: or Image: prefix may be used
|Altn=alt attribute: |alt1= for the first image, |alt2= for the second image, etc
Alt text – the alternative text for the image, used by visually impaired or other readers who cannot see the image clearly. If omitted, the image's alt text will be blank.
|Caption – the caption under the image; see Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Captions

Optional parameters[edit source]

These parameters apply to the gallery:

|title= – The gallery's title
|align= – The alignment of the gallery on the page, left (default), center, or right; ignored when |state= is set
|footer= – Small, right-aligned text below the images
|style=CSS style directives for the whole gallery (see Help:Cascading Style Sheets)
|state= – Sets the default state of collapsible galleries; use |state=expanded or |state=collapsed; collapsible galleries occupy the full page width
|mode= – Sets the mode used by the inner gallery tag. Common values include |mode=packed and |mode=nolines (see Help:Gallery tag for more options)

These parameters apply to all of the images in the gallery:

|noborder= – Cancel the border surrounding the images, use |noborder=yes to set.
|whitebg= – Cancel the white background after the images, use |whitebg=no to set.
|height= – Maximum height of each image. If this parameter is not included, |height= defaults to 180 pixels.
|width= – Maximum width of each image, default is 180 pixels.
|captionstyle=CSS style directives for the captions (see Help:Cascading Style Sheets)

The image's original ratio of width to height cannot be modified by |width= or |height= – a rectangular image will not be made square if |width= and |height= are set to the same value.

Examples[edit source]

{{Gallery
|title=Cultural depictions of George Washington
|width=160 | height=170
|align=center
|footer=Example 1
|File:Federal Hall NYC 27.JPG 
 |alt1=Statue facing a city building with Greek columns and huge U.S. flag
 |Statue of Washington outside [[Federal Hall National Memorial]] in [[New York City]], overlooking [[Wall Street]]
|File:Mount Rushmore2.jpg 
 |alt2=Profile of stone face on mountainside, with 3 workers.
 |Construction of Washington portrait at [[Mount Rushmore]], c. 1932
|File:2006 Quarter Proof.png 
 |alt3=Shiny silver coin with profile of Washington bust. 
 |Washington is commemorated on a [[Quarter (United States coin)|quarter]].
|File:George Washington Presidential $1 Coin obverse.png 
 |alt4=Gold coin with bust of Washington facing slightly left
 |Washington on a [[dollar coin (United States)|dollar coin]]
}}

Template loop detected: Template:Gallery

{{Gallery
|title=Cultural depictions of George Washington
|width=120 |height=100
|align=center
|footer=Example 2a
|File:Federal Hall NYC 27.JPG
 |alt1=Statue facing a city building with Greek columns
 |Statue of Washington outside [[Federal Hall National Memorial]] in [[New York City]], overlooking [[Wall Street]]
|File:Mount Rushmore2.jpg
 |alt2=Profile of stone face on mountainside, with 3 workers.
 |Work on Washington portrait at [[Mount Rushmore]], c. 1932
|File:2006 Quarter Proof.png
 |alt3=Shiny silver coin with profile of Washington bust. 
 |Washington on a [[Quarter (United States coin)|quarter]]
|File:United_States_one_dollar_bill,_obverse.jpg
 |alt4=Front side of U.S. dollar bill, with Washington portrait in center.
 |[[United States one-dollar bill|U.S. one-dollar bill]]
|File:George Washington Presidential $1 Coin obverse.png
 |alt5=Gold coin with bust of Washington facing left
 |Washington on a [[dollar coin (United States)|dollar coin]]
}}

Template loop detected: Template:Gallery

Template loop detected: Template:Gallery

TemplateData[edit source]

Place this template on an article or user page to create a gallery of images on that page along with captions. Anyone may place this template.

Template parameters

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
titletitle

Title for the overall gallery

Example
Pictures of chickens
Stringsuggested
alignalign

Alignment of the gallery on the page; possible values include left, right, and center

Default
left
Example
center
Stringoptional
footerfooter

Creates a footer which will appear in the lower right corner of the overall gallery, in small font, of whatever text the editor placing it wishes to put there

Example
Early works
Stringoptional
stylestyle

This parameter allows an editor to utilize Cascading Style Sheet code

Unknownoptional
captionstylecaptionstyle

This parameter allows an editor to utilize Cascading Style Sheet code for caption

Unknownoptional
statestate

This parameter allows the editor to determine whether or not the gallery will initially appear as either expanded or collapsed for readers

Default
expanded
Example
collapsed
Stringoptional
heightheight

determines the maximum height for any image within the gallery

Default
180px
Example
100px
Stringoptional
widthwidth

Analogous to height parameter; sets maximum width for any image in the gallery

Default
180px
Example
120px
Stringoptional
modemode

Sets the mode used by the inner gallery tag, see Help:Gallery tag for more options

Default
traditional
Stringoptional
nobordernoborder

Cancel the border surrounding the images

Default
no
Example
yes
Stringoptional
whitebgwhitebg

Used to disable the white background in the inner gallery tag

Default
yes
Example
no
Stringoptional

Tracking categories[edit source]

See also[edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Notes
  1. "France 127 mm/54 (5') Model 1948". navweaps.com. 2007. http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WNFR_5-54_m1948.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  2. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Surcouf: La refonte en conducteur de flottille". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/surcouf/caracter.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  3. Dubey, Franck (2012). "Lance-Roquette de 375mm". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/f/armes/lr375/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  4. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Surcouf". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/surcouf/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  5. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Kersaint". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/kersaint/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  6. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Cassard". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/cassard/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  7. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Bouvet". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/bouvet/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  8. "Transfert de la coque Q 635, ex-Bouvet". Marine Nationale. 18 September 2012. http://www.defense.gouv.fr/marine/au-fil-de-l-eau/transfert-de-la-coque-q-635-ex-bouvet. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  9. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Dupetit-Thouars". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/dupetit/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  10. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Chevalier Paul". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/chevalie/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  11. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Maillé Brézé". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/maillebr/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  12. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Vauquelin". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/vauqueli/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  13. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "D'Estrées". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/destree/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  14. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Du Chayla". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/duchayla/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  15. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Casabianca". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/casabian/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
  16. Roche, Jean-Michel (2012). "Guépratte". netmarine.net. http://www.netmarine.net/bat/ee/guepratte/index.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  (French)
Bibliography
  • Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995

External links[edit | edit source]

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