|Role||Twin-engine advanced crew trainer|
|Manufacturer||Tachikawa Aircraft Company Ltd|
|First flight||Summer 1940|
|Retired|| 1945 (Japan)|
|Primary user||Imperial Japanese Army Air Force|
The Tachikawa Ki-54 was a Japanese twin-engine advanced trainer of World War II.
The Ki-54 was developed in response to an Imperial Japanese Army requirement for a twin-engine advanced trainer, principally for crew training. The prototype first flew in summer 1940 and, on completing trials, entered production in 1941 as Army Type 1 Advanced Trainer Model A (Ki-54a). The Ki-54a was soon followed by the Ki-54b as Army Type 1 Operations Trainer Model B and Ki-54c as Army Type 1 Transport Model C. Named Hickory by the Allies, the Ki-54b and -c enjoyed successful careers until the end of the war.
- Manchukuo Air Force Three provided by Japan as VIP transports
- Republic of China (1912–1949)
- Republic of China Air Force Nationalist Chinese (captured)
- People's Liberation Army Air Force Communist Chinese (captured): 4 Ki-54 were used until their retirement in 1952, and in 1951, they were used to train the first class of female pilots of China.
- Armée de l'Air At least 7 Ki-54 were recovered by the French in French Indochina between 1945 and 1947, after the Japanese surrender.
- One aircraft operated briefly by No. 273 Squadron RAF during September and October 1945 in French Indochina.
- A Ki-54 fuselage is in storage at the Australian War Museum Annex. It was previously part of a playground.
- A Ki-54 was found in bottom of Lake Towada on 13 August 2010. It has now been recovered and will be restored for display.
- Ki-54a - unarmed pilot trainer
- Ki-54b - armed crew trainer
- Ki-54c - eight-passenger light transport, communications aircraft. Civil designation Y-59.
- Ki-54d - maritime reconnaissance/ASW, carried 8x 60-kg (132-lb) depth charges
- Ki-110 - one prototype Ki-54c of all-wood construction, destroyed in US bombing attack
- Ki-111 - projected fuel tanker (none built)
- Ki-114 - projected fuel tanker of all-wood construction (none built)
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 8
- Length: 11.94 m (39 ft 2 in)
- Wingspan: 17.90 m (58 ft 8.75 in)
- Height: 3.58 m (11 ft 9 in)
- Wing area: 40 m² (430.57 ft²)
- Empty weight: 2,954 kg (6,512 lb)
- Loaded weight: 3,897 kg (8,591 lb)
- Useful load: 943 kg (2079 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Hitachi Ha-13a 9-cylinder radial engine, 380 kW (510 hp) each
- Maximum speed: 375 km/h (233 mph)
- Cruise speed: 240 km/h (149 mph)
- Range: 960 km (597 mi)
- Service ceiling: 7,180 m (23,555 ft)
- Wing loading: 97.4 kg/m² (20 lb/ft²)
- Power/mass: 0.195 kW/kg (0.119 hp/lb)</ul>Armament
4x 7.7-mm (0.303-in) machine guns, practice bombs
- Airspeed Oxford
- Avro Anson
- Siebel Si 204
- Beech Model 18
- List of aircraft of World War II
- List of military aircraft of Japan
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tachikawa Ki-54.|
- ↑ Thomas, Andy (July 2008). "Vietnam Prelude". Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing. pp. 70–71.
- ↑ "Anyone got pics of the AWM Ki-54?". Warbirdz Aviation Photography. http://www.warbirdz.net/forum/showthread.php?t=363. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- ↑ 旧陸軍練習機、十和田湖で発見…戦時中に墜落：社会 : YOMIURI ONLINE（読売新聞）(Japanese)[dead link]
- ↑ David Mondey 1996, p. ?.
- ↑ Francillon 1979, p. 256.
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