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Ki-54
Tachikawa Ki-54.jpg
Tachikawa Ki-54
Role Twin-engine advanced crew trainer
Manufacturer Tachikawa Aircraft Company Ltd
Designer Ryokichi Endo
First flight Summer 1940
Introduction 1941
Retired 1945 (Japan)
1952 (China)
Primary user Imperial Japanese Army Air Force
Produced 1941-1945
Number built 1,368

The Tachikawa Ki-54 was a Japanese twin-engine advanced trainer of World War II.

HistoryEdit

The Ki-54 was developed in response to an Imperial Japanese Army requirement for a twin-engine advanced trainer, principally for crew training. The prototype first flew in summer 1940 and, on completing trials, entered production in 1941 as Army Type 1 Advanced Trainer Model A (Ki-54a). The Ki-54a was soon followed by the Ki-54b as Army Type 1 Operations Trainer Model B and Ki-54c as Army Type 1 Transport Model C. Named Hickory by the Allies, the Ki-54b and -c enjoyed successful careers until the end of the war.

OperatorsEdit

Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Flag of Manchukuo.svg Manchukuo
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China (1912–1949)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
  • People's Liberation Army Air Force Communist Chinese (captured): 4 Ki-54 were used until their retirement in 1952, and in 1951, they were used to train the first class of female pilots of China.
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Flag of France.svg French Indochina
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom

SurvivorsEdit

  • A Ki-54 fuselage is in storage at the Australian War Museum Annex. It was previously part of a playground.[2]
  • A Ki-54 was found in bottom of Lake Towada on 13 August 2010. It has now been recovered and will be restored for display.[3]

VariantsEdit

  • Ki-54a - unarmed pilot trainer
  • Ki-54b - armed crew trainer
  • Ki-54c - eight-passenger light transport, communications aircraft. Civil designation Y-59.
  • Ki-54d - maritime reconnaissance/ASW, carried 8x 60-kg (132-lb) depth charges
  • Ki-110 - one prototype Ki-54c of all-wood construction, destroyed in US bombing attack
  • Ki-111 - projected fuel tanker (none built)
  • Ki-114 - projected fuel tanker of all-wood construction (none built)

Specifications (Ki-54)Edit

Data from The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II;[4] Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War[5]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 8
  • Length: 11.94 m (39 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 17.90 m (58 ft 8.75 in)
  • Height: 3.58 m (11 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 40 m² (430.57 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 2,954 kg (6,512 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 3,897 kg (8,591 lb)
  • Useful load: 943 kg (2079 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Hitachi Ha-13a 9-cylinder radial engine, 380 kW (510 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 375 km/h (233 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 240 km/h (149 mph)
  • Range: 960 km (597 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 7,180 m (23,555 ft)
  • Wing loading: 97.4 kg/m² (20 lb/ft²)
  • Power/mass: 0.195 kW/kg (0.119 hp/lb)</ul>Armament

4x 7.7-mm (0.303-in) machine guns, practice bombs

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. Thomas, Andy (July 2008). "Vietnam Prelude". Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing. pp. 70–71. 
  2. "Anyone got pics of the AWM Ki-54?". Warbirdz Aviation Photography. http://www.warbirdz.net/forum/showthread.php?t=363. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  3. 旧陸軍練習機、十和田湖で発見…戦時中に墜落:社会 : YOMIURI ONLINE(読売新聞)(Japanese)[dead link]
  4. David Mondey 1996, p. ?.
  5. Francillon 1979, p. 256.
Bibliography
  • Francillon, Ph.D., René J. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam Aeronautical, 1979. ISBN 0-370-30251-6. (new edition 1987. ISBN 0-85177-801-1.)
  • Mondey, David. The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II. New York: Bounty Books, 1996. ISBN 1-85152-966-7.
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