|Clarence C. "Taddy" Aycock|
|Louisiana Lieutenant Governor|
|Preceded by||Lether E. Frazar|
|Succeeded by||James Edward "Jimmy" Fitzmorris, Jr.|
|Louisiana State Representative (St. Mary Parish)|
|Preceded by||C. Russel Brownell, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||H.V. Fronden|
|Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives|
|Preceded by||Lorris M. Wimberly|
|Succeeded by||Lorris M. Wimberly|
|Born||January 13, 1915|
Franklin, St. Mary Parish
|Died||January 6, 1987(aged 71)|
|Resting place||Franklin Cemetery in Franklin, Louisiana|
|Spouse(s)||Elaine Champagne Aycock (1918-2011)|
|Alma mater||Loyola University New Orleans|
Clarence C. "Taddy" Aycock (January 13, 1915 – January 6, 1987), a conservative Democrat from Franklin in St. Mary Parish, was the only three-term lieutenant governor in 20th century Louisiana history. He served from 1960 to 1972. Aycock failed in his only bid for governor in the 1971 Democratic primary. Few lieutenant governors in Louisiana have been elected directly to the governorship; former Governor Kathleen Babineaux Blanco of Lafayette, is a prominent exception.
Aycock was born in Franklin to Clarence A. Aycock (1885–1948) and the former Inez Crask. He received his law degree in 1937 from Loyola University in New Orleans and launched his law practice in Franklin. He won the Bronze Star while serving in Europe during World War II. In 1945, Aycock married the former Elaine Champagne (1918–2011). They had six children.
Speaker of the Louisiana House, 1952[edit | edit source]
Aycock was elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives in 1952 and, though a freshman member, was tapped by incoming Governor Robert F. Kennon as his choice for Speaker. In Louisiana, House Speakers routinely have the recommendation of the governor regardless of the separation of powers between executive and legislative branches. He was reelected to the legislature in 1956 but was not recommended for retention as Speaker by Kennon's successor, Earl Kemp Long. Long instead called Lorris M. Wimberly back as Speaker and then sent Wimberly to head the Department of Public Works in the summer of 1956. Wimberly's abrupt departure led to the accession of Speaker Robert Joseph "Bob" Angelle of St. Martin Parish. Aycock was associated with the anti-Long faction within the Louisiana Democratic Party.
While Aycock served as lieutenant governor and Speaker of the House, only John Hainkel, a lawyer from New Orleans, and John Alario, a businessman from Westwego, were elected by both the Senate and the House to their respective highest positions of Senate President and House Speaker.
Election as lieutenant governor, 1960 & 1964[edit | edit source]
Aycock first won the Democratic nomination for lieutenant governor in 1959 – 1960. At that time, under the Louisiana Constitution of 1921, the lieutenant governor presided over the state Senate. In the 1974 Constitution, senators chose a "Senate President" to preside over the body, with a ceremonial President Pro Tem in the second position. These Senate presidents also have the recommendation of the governor. Aycock and then Mayor W. George Bowdon, Jr., of Alexandria led the primary field in December 1959 and went into a January 1960 runoff. Losing candidates included sitting Governor Earl Long, who was actually waging his third campaign (the last two unsuccessful) for lieutenant governor, and Mayor William J. "Bill" White (December 25, 1910 – December 12, 1990) of Gretna in Jefferson Parish, a ticket-mate of State Auditor William J. "Bill" Dodd, then of Baton Rouge. Aycock was Jimmie Davis' choice for lieutenant governor; his intraparty rival, George Bowdon, was endorsed by the losing runoff candidate, New Orleans Mayor deLesseps Story Morrison, Sr.
In the general election held on April 19, 1960, Aycock defeated Republican Clark C. Boardman (October 14, 1887 - July 1965), a retired engineer from Monroe in Ouachita Parish. A native of Wisconsin, Boardman received his Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering in 1909 from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Boardman and his wife, the former Ethel V. Martin (1889–1989), had one son, Grant Clinton Boardman (1925–2010), a Louisiana State University graduate and an engineer with Sid W. Richardson Carbon and Gas in Fort Worth, Texas, for much of his career.
Aycock polled 392,421 votes (83.2 percent) to Boardman's 68,186 (14.4 percent). (Vaughn L. Phelps (born 1920), also of Monroe, the nominee of the Louisiana States' Rights Party, received 11,299 votes, the remaining 2.4 percent.) Boardman, at seventy-two, did not wage an active campaign. He was the first Republican in modern times even to seek the lieutenant governor's position. Not until 1987, eleven months after Aycock's death, did a Republican, Paul Hardy of St. Martinville in St. Martin Parish, win the position, which has been otherwise reserved for Louisiana Democrats. In December 1963 – January 1964, Aycock ran as an "independent" Democrat, meaning that he did not align himself to any gubernatorial candidate. He might have favored Robert Kennon, who was seeking a comeback as governor and who had made him Speaker, but he preferred to make his race alone. He was thrust into a runoff with Chep Morrison's next choice for the position, attorney Claude Berwick Duval of Houma in Terrebonne Parish. Omitted in the primary was McKeithen's ticket-mate, former Mayor Ashton J. Mouton of Lafayette. Duval, a distinguished "old-school" orator, was as conservative as Aycock, but he, like his gubernatorial ticket mate Morrison, fared poorly in central and northern Louisiana. In 1968, Duval entered the state Senate for the first of three terms with his former rival, Lieutenant Governor Aycock, as the presiding officer. Duval and Aycock also had something else in common: they came from adjoining south Louisiana parishes, and both were in the anti-Long tradition of Louisiana politics.
Endorsing Goldwater for president[edit | edit source]
In the fall of 1964, Aycock endorsed Republican presidential nominee Barry M. Goldwater of Arizona, rather than his fellow Democrat, President Lyndon B. Johnson. Governor John J. McKeithen, many of whose backers also voted for Aycock for the second position, remained neutral in the presidential race. The states' two powerful Democratic senators, Allen J. Ellender of Houma and Russell B. Long of Baton Rouge, however, endorsed the Johnson-Humphrey elector slate. Goldwater won Louisiana's ten electoral votes: he was only the second Republican to have done so in modern times, the other having been Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956.
Several other Democrats joined Aycock in supporting Goldwater: Secretary of State Wade O. Martin, Jr., former Governors Sam Houston Jones of Lake Charles and Robert Kennon of Minden, Caddo Parish Sheriff J. Howell Flournoy, Monroe Mayor W. L. "Jack" Howard, and Plaquemines Parish political "boss" Leander H. Perez. The Republicans held a rally at Tulane University in New Orleans to honor Goldwater and former Democrat-turned-Republican Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina as well as the defecting Louisiana Democrats, with then congressional candidate David C. Treen acting as master of ceremonies. Goldwater and Thurmond also made a stop thereafter in Shrevport.
McKeithen blocks Aycock's aspirations, 1967[edit | edit source]
Aycock had planned to seek the governorship in the 1967 Democratic primary, but he ran into a major roadblock. In 1966, McKeithen proposed a change to the state's term limits law, and Amendment 1 was adopted into the state Constitution on November 8, 1966. The amendment allows a Louisiana governor to be elected to two consecutive four-year terms, but not a third-term unless he first sits out a term. When Aycock gauged how powerful McKeithen had become, he backed away from a gubernatorial challenge and ran instead for reelection as lieutenant governor, again without tying himself to any gubernatorial candidate. He had no serious opposition for his third term.
Running for governor, 1971[edit | edit source]
Aycock presumably could have had a fourth term as lieutenant governor for the asking, but he entered the 1971 Democratic primary for governor. The field was so crowded that the lieutenant governor never made it into the top tier of candidates, headed by then U.S. Representative Edwin Washington Edwards of Crowley, State Senator J. Bennett Johnston, Jr., of Shreveport, then former U.S. Representative Gillis William Long of Alexandria, and former Governor Jimmie Davis, then of Baton Rouge. Aycock, the most conservative candidate in the field, finished in sixth place with 88,465 votes. Davis and Aycock, who had been the winning intraparty ticket in 1960, were opposing each other in 1971. As it turned out, neither was a serious factor in the race.
In 1971, the runoff featured the newer, more moderate candidates, Edwards and Johnston. Edwards narrowly won the second primary and then went on to defeat Republican David Treen, then of Jefferson Parish, in the general election held on February 1, 1972.
Eleven candidates, ten Democratic and one Republican, entered the race to succeed Aycock, including two bankers, outgoing State Representative P.J. Mills of Shreveport and State Senator Jamar Adcock of Monroe, and two candidates from Webster Parish, state Representative Parey P. Branton and businessman Edward Kennon, later a member of the Louisiana Public Service Commission. The eventual Democratic nominee, Jimmy Fitzmorris, a former member of the New Orleans City Council, easily defeated the Republican choice, Treen's running-mate, former state Representative Morley A. Hudson of Shreveport.
Aycock's legacy[edit | edit source]
Aycock never sought another office but returned to Franklin to practice law. He pushed for the name change of Southwestern Louisiana Institute to the University of Southwestern Louisiana (since University of Louisiana at Lafayette). He supported the French heritage movement and the Acadiana Regional Airport in New Iberia in Iberia Parish.
At the time of his death, he was serving in an advisory capacity with Louisiana Land & Exploration Company He died in the first few days of 1987, another primary election year for governor and other state constitutional offices. Survivors included his wife; three sons, Dr. Kenneth J. Aycock (born 1949), Joseph Wesley "Jody" Aycock (born 1947) and Larry Thomas Aycock (born 1955) and three daughters, Mrs. Dirk (Barbara) Ory (born 1946), Mrs. Michael (Mary Margaret) Valse (born 1951), and Mrs. Greg (Susan) Fleniken (born 1958), his sister, Mrs. Steven (Mary Ida Aycock) Dupuis (November 17, 1918 - February 27, 2009), and his stepmother, Amy W. Aycock (December 19, 1909 - May 29, 2006). He is interred at Franklin Cemetery in his native Franklin, Louisiana.
References[edit | edit source]
- Ron Gomez, My Name Is Ron And I'm a Recovering Legislator: Memoirs of a Louisiana State Representative, Lafayette, Louisiana: Zemog Publishing, 2000, pp. 186-187, ISBN=0-9700156-0-7
- History of the Saint Croix Valley. Google books. http://books.google.com/books?id=GxEwAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA864&lpg=PA864&dq=Clark+C.+Boardman&source=bl&ots=9d-KP8H41L&sig=AmnXL0O4YhrdnmPlitLlqolZf3o&hl=en&ei=Kt1rTJfVCsL68AbasI2hCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CCUQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Clark%20C.%20Boardman&f=false. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
- "Obituary of Grant Clinton Boardman". Monroe News Star. http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/thenewsstar/obituary.aspx?n=grant-clinton-boardman&pid=144775033. Retrieved August 18, 2010.
- Glen Jeansonne, Leander Perez: Boss of the Delta, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1977
- "Former Lt. Gov. Aycock dies," New Orleans Times-Picayune, January 7, 1987
- "Services Set for former Lt. Gov. 'Taddy' Aycock," Baton Rouge Morning Advocate, January 7, 1987
- Aycock obituary, Lafayette Daily Advertiser, January 9, 1987
- "C.C. Aycock," A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography, Vol. I (1988)
C. Russel Brownell, Jr.
|Louisiana State Representative from St. Mary Parish
Lorris M. Wimberly
|Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives
Lorris M. Wimberly
|Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
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