|Tammie Jo Shults|
Tammie Jo Bonnell|
November 2, 1961 (age 60)
|Alma mater||MidAmerica Nazarene University|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1985–1993|
|Rank||Lieutenant Commander (LCDR)|
|Awards||Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal, National Defense Service Medal|
|Other work||Commercial airline Boeing 737 pilot|
Tammie Jo Shults (born Bonnell; born November 2, 1961) is an American commercial airline captain, author, and retired naval aviator. Known for being one of the first female fighter pilots to serve in the United States Navy, following active duty she became a pilot for Southwest Airlines. On April 17, 2018, as captain of Southwest Airlines Flight 1380, she safely landed a Boeing 737-700 after the aircraft suffered an engine failure with debris causing rapid decompression of the aircraft.
Early life and education
Shults was born Tammie Jo Bonnell and grew up on a ranch near Tularosa, New Mexico. As a child, she watched jet aircraft from nearby Holloman Air Force Base practice dogfights and maneuvers in the skies above her home. Watching these and reading about a missionary pilot, Nate Saint, inspired her to become a pilot too. During her final year of high school, she investigated the possibility of a career in flying but was told that there were no professional women pilots. Following high school graduation, she attended Mid-America Nazarene College where she earned degrees in biology and agribusiness, graduating in 1983. While at MidAmerica, she met a woman who had qualified as a pilot for the United States Air Force and decided to see if the Air Force would accept her application for service. After being turned down by the Air Force, she decided to try the Navy while doing graduate studies at Western New Mexico University.
OCS and flight training
Shults was accepted by the Navy for Aviation Officer Candidate School at Naval Air Station Pensacola. After completing the twelve-week course and receiving her commission as an Ensign on June 21, 1985, Shults attended flight training, also at NAS Pensacola, where she trained and qualified for her pilot's wings in the T-34 .
After Pensacola, Shults was stationed at Naval Air Station Chase Field as a flight instructor for the T-2 Buckeye. She later qualified in the A-7 Corsair II with training (RAG) squadron VA-122 at Naval Air Station Lemoore. Her next assignment was VAQ-34, a Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron at the Pacific Missile Test Center located at Point Mugu, California. When the squadron relocated to NAS Lemoore in 1991, Shults became an instructor under the command of CAPT Rosemary Mariner, the first woman to command an operational air squadron. Shults became one of the first female naval aviators to qualify in the F/A-18 Hornet when the squadron transitioned from the EA-6B Prowler.
Operation Desert Storm
During Operation Desert Storm, the combat exclusion policy at that time prevented females from flying combat sorties, so Shults flew training missions as an instructor aggressor pilot for naval aviators. She finished her tour of duty in March 1993.
In December 1995, she was promoted to Lieutenant Commander (LCDR), then transitioned to the Navy Reserve, where she flew the F/A-18 Hornet and EA-6B Prowler until August 2001. Her decorations include two Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medals, a National Defense Service Medal and a Marksmanship Medal.
After leaving the Navy, Shults joined Southwest Airlines as a pilot, flying a part-time schedule of 8–10 days per month so that she could also raise a family following her marriage to fellow naval aviator Dean Shults.
Southwest Airlines Flight 1380
On April 17, 2018, while Shults was captain in command of Flight 1380 from New York to Dallas, an engine fan blade on the Boeing 737 failed and flying debris damaged the left side of the fuselage and one side window; the window failed, causing the plane to decompress. One passenger was partially sucked through the damaged window and was later pronounced dead at the hospital. Shults made an emergency descent and landed in Philadelphia. Her actions, calm demeanor, and competence during the emergency were noted by Southwest Airlines officials and passengers as well as Chesley Sullenberger, another commercial airline and former military pilot who controlled a similar situation in 2009 on US Airways Flight 1549.
Shults later revealed that she had not intended to be the pilot of that flight, but had swapped the shift with her husband.
Then-US Representative and former US Air Force Colonel and pilot Martha McSally introduced a resolution in Congress to honor Shults for her life-saving heroism and skill in landing her badly disabled aircraft.
In 1994, she married Dean Shults, at the time a fellow naval aviator in the A-7 Corsair II, who also joined Southwest Airlines as a pilot that year. Together, they have two children. The couple lives in Boerne, Texas. Shults is a devout Christian who teaches Sunday school, and helps the needy, such as internally displaced persons from Hurricane Rita.
Shults wrote a book about Southwest Airlines flight 1380, Nerves of Steel, which was released in the United States on October 8, 2019.
- Seck, Hope Hodge (April 18, 2018). "Navy Releases Service Record of Hero Captain Who Landed Southwest 1380". Military.com. https://www.military.com/daily-news/2018/04/18/navy-releases-service-record-hero-captain-who-landed-southwest-1380.html. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
- Ziezulewicz, Geoff (2018-04-19). "Southwest pilot who landed crippled plane was a Navy aviation pioneer" (in en-US). Navy Times. https://www.navytimes.com/news/your-navy/2018/04/18/southwest-pilot-who-landed-crippled-plane-was-a-navy-aviation-pioneer/.
- Maloney, Linda, ed (2011). Military Fly Moms: Sharing Memories, Building Legacies, Inspiring Hope. Tannenbaum. pp. 78–80. ISBN 978-0-9787-3697-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=s7O5ZwEACAAJ.
- Haag, Matthew (April 18, 2018). "Southwest Pilot of Flight 1380 Is Navy Veteran Hailed for Her 'Nerves of Steel'". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/18/us/southwest-pilot-tammie-jo-shults.html.
- Schmall, Emily (April 19, 2018). "Southwest Airlines pilot pushed Navy boundaries for flying" (in en-US). New Jersey Herald. http://www.njherald.com/article/20180419/AP/304199957.
- Chuck, Elizabeth (April 18, 2018). "Tammie Jo Shults, who landed crippled Southwest plane, was one of first female fighter pilots in U.S. Navy" (in en-US). NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/tammie-jo-shults-who-landed-crippled-southwest-plane-was-one-n866951.
- Repko, Melissa (April 18, 2018). "After landing troubled Southwest plane, pilot Tammie Jo Shults hugged passengers, texted 'God is good'". The Dallas Morning News. https://www.dallasnews.com/business/business/2018/04/18/texas-pilot-tammie-jo-shults-landed-southwest-plane-lauded-calm-courage.
- Donnelly, Grace (April 18, 2018). "What to Know About the Pilot on Southwest Airlines Flight 1380". http://fortune.com/2018/04/18/southwest-airlines-pilot-flight-1380-tammie-jo-shults/.
- Londberg, Max (April 17, 2018). "Heroic Southwest pilot studied in Olathe, among 1st female fighter pilots in military". http://www.kansascity.com/news/local/article209178274.html.
- "How 'Hero' Southwest Pilot Pushed to 'Break into the Club' of Elite Navy Fighter Pilots" (in en). http://time.com/5247413/tammie-jo-shults-southwest-engine-pilot/.
- "Tammie Jo Shults: Southwest pilot praised for safe landing". BBC. April 19, 2018. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-43804253.
- Siddiqui, Faiz; Schmidt, Samantha; Halsey, Ashley (April 18, 2018). "'She has Nerves of Steel': The Story of the Pilot who Calmly Landed the Southwest Airlines Flight". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/trafficandcommuting/investigators-in-fatal-southwest-flight-want-to-know-why-engine-fan-fractured/2018/04/18/e1d72ddc-430a-11e8-bba2-0976a82b05a2_story.html.
- Palmer, Ewan; Lee, Tracy (April 19, 2018). "'Sully' Responds to Southwest Airlines Pilot Tammie Jo Shults Landing Plane, Recounts Processing Trauma". http://www.newsweek.com/hudson-river-pilot-sully-impressed-southwest-airlines-pilot-tammie-jo-shults-893093.
- "Southwest Pilot Who Landed Fatal Flight Wasn't Supposed to Be On It". 10 May 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/10/business/southwest-pilot-interview-flight-1380.html. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- McSally, Martha (April 19, 2018). "McSally to Introduce Congressional Resolution to Honor Southwest Pilot Tammie Jo Shults for Her Life-Saving Heroism". United States House of Representatives. https://mcsally.house.gov/media-center/press-releases/mcsally-introduce-congressional-resolution-honor-southwest-pilot-tammie.
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