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The Iraqi forces were initially regular army units, equipped with tanks such as [[T-54/55]] tanks and T-62s. The Coalition [[main battle tank]]s, such as the U.S. [[M1 Abrams]], British [[Challenger 1 tank|Challenger 1]], and Kuwaiti [[M-84]]AB were vastly superior to the Chinese [[Type 69]] and domestically built T-72 tanks used by the Iraqis, with crews better trained and armoured doctrine better developed.
 
The Iraqi forces were initially regular army units, equipped with tanks such as [[T-54/55]] tanks and T-62s. The Coalition [[main battle tank]]s, such as the U.S. [[M1 Abrams]], British [[Challenger 1 tank|Challenger 1]], and Kuwaiti [[M-84]]AB were vastly superior to the Chinese [[Type 69]] and domestically built T-72 tanks used by the Iraqis, with crews better trained and armoured doctrine better developed.
 
[[File:3 AD Iraq.jpg|thumb|right|US M1 Abrams tanks from the [[3rd Armored Division (United States)|3rd Armored Division]] along the Line of Departure.]]
 
[[File:3 AD Iraq.jpg|thumb|right|US M1 Abrams tanks from the [[3rd Armored Division (United States)|3rd Armored Division]] along the Line of Departure.]]
The majority of Iraqi armored forces still used old Chinese [[Type 59]]s and [[Type 69]]s, Soviet-made [[T-55]]s from the 1950s and 1960s, and some poor quality [[Lion of Babylon tank|Asad Babil tanks]] (domestically assembled tank based on Polish T-72 hulls with other parts of mixed origin). These machines were not equipped with up-to-date equipment, such as [[thermal sight]]s or laser rangefinders, and their effectiveness in modern combat was very limited.
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The majority of Iraqi armored forces still used old Chinese [[Type 59]]s and [[Type 69]]s, Soviet-made [[T-55]]s from the 1950s and 1960s, and some poor quality [[Lion of Babylon tank|Asad Babil tanks]] (domestically assembled tank based on Polish T-72 hulls with other parts of mixed origin). These machines were not equipped with up-to-date equipment, such as [[thermal sight]]s or [[laser rangefinder]]s, and their effectiveness in modern combat was very limited.
   
 
The Iraqis failed to find an effective countermeasure to the thermal sights and [[kinetic energy round|sabot rounds]] used by the Coalition tanks. This equipment enabled them to engage and destroy Iraqi tanks from more than three times the range that Iraqi tanks could engage coalition tanks. The Iraqi crews used training rounds against the U.S. and British tanks. These rounds (purchased in great number during the [[Iran-Iraq War]] due to their cheap price) had soft steel [[Kinetic energy penetrator|penetrators]] and thus no hope of penetrating the advanced [[Chobham Armour]] of the Coalition tanks.
 
The Iraqis failed to find an effective countermeasure to the thermal sights and [[kinetic energy round|sabot rounds]] used by the Coalition tanks. This equipment enabled them to engage and destroy Iraqi tanks from more than three times the range that Iraqi tanks could engage coalition tanks. The Iraqi crews used training rounds against the U.S. and British tanks. These rounds (purchased in great number during the [[Iran-Iraq War]] due to their cheap price) had soft steel [[Kinetic energy penetrator|penetrators]] and thus no hope of penetrating the advanced [[Chobham Armour]] of the Coalition tanks.

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