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Teodoras Daukantas (September 20, 1884 in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire – March 10, 1960 in Buenos Aires, Argentina) was a Lithuanian military officer. Religion: Catholic.Languages spoken and read:Lithuanian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, French, English, Portuguese, Italian, Ukrainian, and other Slavic languages. In 1903–1918, Daukantas served in the Imperial Russian Navy. He attended Naval Training School at St. Petersburg (1903–1906). In 1911–1914, Daukantas attended High Naval Training School at St. Petersburg from which he graduated with a Silver Star in Naval Tactics Training.Publications in Russian:1913," The Defense of Abu-Alaud "1916,"Essays on Naval Tactics" published by the Imperial Russian Navy General Staff,St.Petersburg, Russia.Publications in Lithuanian:1923-24,"The Defense of Coasts","The War on Rivers", 1925–28, articles in "Kosmos","Nature", etc., Books:"The South of Brazil","Our Way to Vilnius".

File:Teodoras Daukantas,Lithuanian Cabinet Defense Minister , ( 1884-1960) .jpg

Teodoras Daukantas(1884-1960)

After World War I, Daukantas returned to Lithuania in 1922. He was head of education section of the Senior Officers Academy in Kaunas until 1924.Twice, in 1924–1925 and 1927–1928, he served as the Lithuanian Minister of Defense. In between serving as the Lithuanian Minister of Defense, he was the Chief of the General Staff of the Lithuanian Army. In 1928, he was promoted to brigadier general (in 1936, he was changed to lieutenant general). He was Lithuanian Consul General in Rio de Janeiro (1932–1935) and Minister Plenipotentiary of South America (1936–1939). On October 20, 1932, his excellency, Daukantas co-signed a Treaty # 3542 with his excellency Carlos Saavedra Lamas, A Noble Laureate, under the League of European Nations which insured a convention or treaty between the Argentine Republic and the Independent Republic of Lithuania concerning reciprocity with respect to the payment of compensation for industrial accidents signed at Buenos Aires,Argentina October 20, 1932.Daukantas was a Member of the States Council, Chargé d'Affaires for Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, (1930 -1935) . Until 1941, Daukantas tried to maintain the best possible relations with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR but was arrested, put into prison and tortured without either provocation or a cause on his part. Daukantas was persecuted by German Gestapo in 1942-1944. He was liberated at the beginning of the German–Soviet War and moved to Germany until 1949 and then to Argentina. Daukantas remained in Buenos Aires, Argentina until his death in 1960. His remains were reburied in Karmėlava, Lithuania in 1997.

Academic experience[edit | edit source]

  • (1925–1930 and 1935–1940) Associate Professor of Geography, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas
  • (1935–1937) Lecturer of Spanish Languages, Vytautas Magnus University
  • (1941–1944) Associate Professor of Geography, Vilnius University, special courses on South America, the Baltic Sea and the importance of maritime for the State of Lithuania
  • Lecturer on Topography and Surveying at the High Military Officers Courses, Kaunas

Geographical voyages and travels[edit | edit source]

  • (1906–1911) with Russian battleship Slava in North Atlantic, Arctic Sea and Mediterranean
  • (1919–1922) Captain in the English and Dutch Merchant Marine
  • (1924–1926) voyage to North Africa
  • (1929–1930) voyage to South America (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay)

References[edit | edit source]

  • Who is Who at the Baltic University. (Pinneberg, 1949) [14].
  • En cyclopedia Lituanica 6 Vol. Boston, (1970-1978) [112]
  • {Baltisches biographisches Archiv [microform]: BaBA/[advising editor, Paul Kaegbein;editor, Axel Freyl

Published: Munchen:K.G.Saur Verlag,[1995-1998]

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