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The Canadian Scottish Regiment
(Princess Mary's)
[[File:200px|240x240px|frameless}}|Cap badge of the Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's)|alt=]]
Cap badge of the Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's)
Active 3 September 1912 – present
Country Canada
Branch Primary Reserve
Type Infantry
Role Light infantry
Size One battalion
Part of 39 Canadian Brigade Group
Garrison/HQ

Victoria
Nanaimo

Courtenay
Patron Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood
Motto(s) Deas Gu Cath (Ready for the Fray)
Colours Red, blue, and green
March "All the Blue Bonnets are over the Border"
Mascot(s) None currently; traditionally a Saint Bernard dog named "Wallace". Wallace I was "adopted" at the start of the Second World War.
Equipment Small arms including but not limited to the C7 Rifle, C9 Light Machine-Gun, C6 Machine Gun, and M203 Grenade Launcher.
Battle honours Ypres, 1915, '17; Gravenstafel; St. Julien; Festubert, 1915; Mount Sorrel; Somme, 1916; Pozières; Flers-Courcelette; Thiepval; Ancre Heights; Ancre, 1916; Arras, 1917, '18; Vimy, 1917; Arleux; Scarpe, 1917, '18; Hill 70; Passchendaele; Amiens; Drocourt-Quéant; Hindenburg Line; Canal du Nord; Pursuit to Mons; France and Flanders, 1915–18; Normandy Landing; Putot-en-Bessin; Caen; The Orne; Falaise; The Laison; Calais, 1944; The Scheldt; Leopold Canal; Breskens Pocket; The Rhineland; Waal Flats; Moyland Wood; The Rhine; Emmerich-Hoch Elten; Deventer; Wagenborgen; North-West Europe, 1944–1945.
Insignia
Tartan Hunting Stewart
Abbreviation C Scot R

The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces based on Vancouver Island British Columbia.

The regiment is located in Victoria, Nanaimo, and Courtenay, British Columbia. It is part of 39 Canadian Brigade Group, the headquarters for all of the army reserves in British Columbia.

One of four infantry regiments in British Columbia, the Canadian Scottish is the largest reserve unit in Western Canada.[citation needed]

As a light infantry regiment the regiment trains in raids, reconnaissance patrolling, ambushes, amphibious operations and airmobile operations. The unit also trains to meet the realities of the “Three Block War” – warfighting, peacekeeping, and humanitarian support. Regimental Headquarters, A Coy, and HQ Coy: Bay Street Armoury 715 Bay Street Victoria, B.C. V8T 1R1

B Company Headquarters: Brigadier D.R. Sargent Armoury 709 Nanaimo Lakes Road Nanaimo, B.C. V9R 4A8

5 Platoon, B Company: Seal Bay Armoury Comox, B.C.

DeploymentsEdit

The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) is actively involved in sending troops to various Canadian missions around the world. As of 2012, all members of the regiment who were serving on combat operations with the Canadian Expeditionary Force in Afghanistan have returned home.

Members of The Canadian Scottish Regiment have also been involved in peacekeeping missions; notably in Egypt, Golan Heights, Cyprus, Croatia, Bosnia, and Sierra Leone.

File:Cpl MetcalfVC.jpg
William Johnstone Milne

William Johnstone Milne, VC

File:CWPeckVC.jpg
James C Richardson

Piper James Cleland Richardson, VC, c. 1914–15. (Photo from Library and Archives Canada.)

The regiment originated on 3 September 1912 when the 88th Regiment, Victoria Fusiliers, was authorised. When the 16th (Canadian Scottish) Battalion, CEF, was created in 1914, it drew on soldiers from four separate regiments – the 50th Regiment (Gordon Highlanders of Canada) in Victoria, the 72nd Seaforth Highlanders of Canada in Vancouver, the 79th Regiment (Cameron Highlanders of Canada) in Winnipeg, and the 91st Canadian Highlanders (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) in Hamilton. The desire was to not perpetuate specific regimental identities and so the new battalion was simply referred to as "Canadian Scottish".

The 16th Battalion served in the 3rd Brigade of the 1st Canadian Division. Since its early beginnings, the battalion had a high standard of conduct on the battlefield and was commanded by outstanding leaders. One such was Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Currie who rose to command the Canadian Corps during the First World War. Currie was a master tactician whose skills led the Canadians to victory at the Vimy Ridge, the Amiens, and the intense last Hundred Days campaign which ended the Great War.

Four members of the 16th Battalion were awarded the Victoria Cross. Lieutenant Colonel Cyrus Peck commanded the battalion for many months in the trenches. Piper James Richardson was just 18 years old when he enlisted, and was killed during the Battle of the Somme shortly after having played his company through No Man's Land. He disappeared in shellfire after going back to retrieve the bagpipes he laid aside to bring back a wounded comrade. Piper James Richardson's Pipes were returned to the Regiment in the 2000s after being found on display at a private school in Scotland due to research initiated by Pipe Major Roger McGuire. They were presented to the people of B.C. on Nov. 8th 2006 at a ceremony on the lawn on the Provincial Legislature in Victoria. The pipes are on public display in the Rotunda of the Legislature.

After the war, the battalion disbanded, and in the 1920 re-organisation of the Militia, in the wake of the work of the Otter Commission, a new regiment was created amalgamating the 50th Regiment and the 88th Regiment Victoria Fusiliers, and named "The Canadian Scottish Regiment". The title "(Princess Mary's)" was appended in 1948 by permission of the H.M. King George VI and H.R.H. Princess Mary The Princess Royal who had consented to become Colonel-in-Chief of the Regiment in 1930, being also Colonel-in-Chief of the The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) since 1927, and to whom the Canadian Scottish had been allied in 1927.

The Canadian Scottish were unique in 1939 in having two battalions on the strength of the Canadian Militia. The 1st Battalion was mobilised for overseas service in 1940 and trained in Debert, Nova Scotia, until August 1941, from where it moved to the United Kingdom as part of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division. On 6 June 1944 C Company was in the first wave ashore in Normandy on Juno Beach, the rest of the battalion following in the second wave. The battalion proceeded to advance a total of six miles inland – farther than any other assault brigade of the British Second Army that day. The regiment went on to earn 17 battle honours, including one for the liberation of Wagenborgen, a Dutch village; this last honour was not awarded until the 1990s.

LineageEdit

The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) originated in Victoria, British Columbia on 3 September 1912, when the 88th Regiment Victoria Fusiliers was formed. The 50th Regiment Gordon Highlanders originated in Victoria, British Columbia on 15 August 1913, when an "8 company Highland Regiment of Infantry" was authorized to be formed.

Following the Great War, on 12 March 1920, the 50th and 88th Regiments were amalgamated and redesignated The Canadian Scottish Regiment, organized as a five battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (16th Battalion, CEF) on the Non-Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 2nd Battalion (48th Battalion, CEF), 3rd Battalion (67th Battalion, CEF), 4th Battalion (88th Battalion, CEF), and 5th Battalion (143rd Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. On 1 August 1930, The Canadian Scottish Regiment was reorganized as a six battalion regiment with the 1st Battalion (16th Battalion, CEF) and 2nd Battalion (88th Battalion, CEF) (see below) on the Non Permanent Active Militia order of battle and the 3rd Battalion (67th Battalion, CEF), 4th Battalion (48th Battalion, CEF), 5th Battalion (143rd Battalion, CEF), and 6th Battalion (103rd Battalion, CEF) on the Reserve order of battle. The reserve units were disbanded on 14 December 1936.

On 1 April 1946, The Canadian Scottish Regiment was reorganized as a one battalion regiment and on 29 April 1948, the Regiment was redesignated The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's).

On 4 May 1951, the regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated "E" and "F" Company. "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being incorporated into the 1st Canadian Highland Battalion (which later became the 1st Battalion The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada) for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed 2nd Canadian Highland Battalion (which later became the 2nd Battalion The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada) for service in Korea with the United Nations.

On 31 December 1954, the regiment was amalgamated with the 66th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA, and the 62nd Anti-Tank Battery (Self-Propelled), RCA, retaining its designation.

The 66th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA originated in Nanaimo, British Columbia on 1 August 1930, when the 2nd Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment was authorized to be formed. On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with A Company, 11th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC, and redesignated the 2nd Battalion (Machine Gun), The Canadian Scottish Regiment. On 1 April 1946, it was converted to artillery and redesignated the 66th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Canadian Scottish Regiment), RCA. On 31 December 1954, it was amalgamated with the The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) and the 62nd Anti-Tank Battery, RCA.

The 62nd Anti-Tank Battery (Self-Propelled), RCA originated in Duncan, British Columbia on 2 February 1920, when the 62nd Field Battery (Howitzer), CFA, was formed. It was redesignated the 62nd Field Battery, CA, on 1 July 1925, the 62nd Field Battery (Howitzer), RCA, on 3 June 1935, the 62nd (Reserve) Field Battery (Howitzer), RCA, on 7 November 1940 and the 62nd Anti-Tank Battery (Self-Propelled), RCA, on 1 April 1946. On 31 December 1954, it was amalgamated with The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) and the 66th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (Canadian Scottish Regiment), RCA.[1]

Lineage of the Canadian Scottish Regiment:[2]

1912
88th Regt Victoria Fusiliers
1913
50th Regt "Highlanders"
1914
16th Bn, CEF
48th Bn, CEF
1915
67th "Overseas" Bn, CEF
1916
3rd Canadian Pioneer Bn, CEF
67th Canadian (Pioneer) Bn, CEF
1917
Absorbed by Canadian Corps
Absorbed by Canadian Corps
1920
Disbanded
The Canadian Scottish Regt
1929
62nd Field Bty, CA
1930
1st Bn, The Canadian Scottish Regt
2nd Bn, The Canadian Scottish Regt
1935
62nd Field Bty (Howitzer), RCA
 
"A" Coy, 11th Machine Gun Bn, CMGC
1936
2nd Bn (Machine Gun), The Canadian Scottish Regt
1940
1st Bn, The Canadian Scottish Regt, CASF
3rd (Reserve) Bn, The Canadian Scottish Regt
2nd (Reserve) Bn (Machine Gun), The Canadian Scottish Regt
44th/62nd Field Bty, RCA, CASF
62nd (Reserve) Field Bty (Howitzer), RCA
1941
2nd Bn, The Canadian Scottish Regt, CASF
62nd Light Anti-Aircraft Bty, RCA, CASF
1942
3rd (Reserve) Bn, The Canadian Scottish Regt (Machine Gun)
1943
2nd (Reserve) Bn, The Canadian Scottish Regt
1944
Disbanded
 
1945
4th Bn, The Canadian Scottish Regt, CIC, CAOF
1946
Disbanded
The Canadian Scottish Regt
66th Light Anti-Aircraft Regt (Canadian Scottish Regt), RCA
Disbanded
62nd Anti-Tank Bty (Self-Propelled), RCA
1948
The Canadian Scottish Regt (Princess Mary's)
1951
"E" Coy, The Canadian Scottish Regt (Princess Mary's)
"F" Coy, The Canadian Scottish Regt (Princess Mary's)
1951
Absorbed by 1st Canadian Highland Bn
1952
Absorbed by 2nd Canadian Highland Bn
1954
The Canadian Scottish Regt (Princess Mary's)
2019
Abbreviations used in the chart
Abbreviation Phrase
Bn Battalion
Bty Battery
CA Canadian Artillery
CAOF Canadian Army Occupation Force
CASF Canadian Active Service Force
CEF Canadian Expeditionary Force
CFA Canadian Field Artillery
CIC Canadian Infantry Corps
CMGC Canadian Machine Gun Corps
Coy Company
RCA Royal Canadian Artillery
Regt Regiment

PerpetuationsEdit

The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) perpetuates the 16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish), CEF, 48th Battalion (British Columbia), CEF, 67th Battalion (Western Scots), CEF, 88th Battalion (Victoria Fusiliers), CEF, 103rd Battalion, CEF and 143rd Battalion (British Columbia Bantams), CEF.[1]

Operational HistoryEdit

The Great WarEdit

16 Bn CEF

The distinguishing patch of the 16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish), CEF.

The 50th Regiment Gordon Highlanders and the 88th Regiment Victoria Fusiliers were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.

The 16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish), CEF, was authorized on 1 September 1914 and embarked for Britain on 28 September 1914. It disembarked in France on 15 February 1915, where it fought as part of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.

The 48th Battalion (British Columbia), CEF, was authorized on 7 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 1 July 1915, where it was converted to a pioneer battalion and redesignated as the 3rd Canadian Pioneer Battalion, CEF, on 6 January 1916. It disembarked in France on 9 March 1916, where it served as part of the 3rd Canadian Division in France and Flanders until 17 April 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.

The 67th Battalion (Western Scots), CEF, was authorized on 20 April 1915 and embarked for Britain on 1 April 1916 where it was converted to a pioneer battalion and redesignated as the 67th Canadian (Pioneer) Battalion, CEF, on 15 May 1916. It disembarked in France on 14 August 1916, where it served as part of the 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until 28 April 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.

The 88th Battalion (Victoria Fusiliers), CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 31 May 1916. It provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 18 July 1916, when its personnel were absorbed by the 30th Reserve Battalion, CEF. The 103rd Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 23 July 1916, where it provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 7 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the 16th Reserve Battalion, CEF. The 88th and 103rd Battalions were disbanded on 1 September 1917.

The 143rd Battalion (British Columbia Bantams), CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 17 February 1917, where its personnel were absorbed by the 24th Reserve Battalion, CEF, and the Canadian Railway Troops Training Depot on 15 March 1917 to provide reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion was disbanded on 4 April 1918.48

The Second World WarEdit

File:C Scot R camp flag.jpg

Details from the 1st Battalion were called out on service on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 1st Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment, CASF (Details), for local protection duties. Details from the 2nd Battalion were placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 2nd Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Machine Gun), CASF (Details), for local protection duties. Details from the 62nd Field Battery, RCA were placed on active service on 1 September 1939, under the designation 62nd Field Battery (H), RCA, CASF (Details), for local protection duties. These details were disbanded on 31 December 1940.

The regiment mobilized the 1st Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment, CASF, on 24 May 1940. It embarked for Britain on 25 August 1941. On D-Day, 6 June 1944, it landed in Normandy, France, as part of the 7th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war. The overseas battalion was disbanded on 15 January 1946.

The regiment subsequently mobilized the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion as the 2nd Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment, CASF, on 1 January 1941. It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the 13th Infantry Brigade, 6th Canadian Infantry Division. The battalion was disbanded on 15 October 1943.

On 1 June 1945, a third Active Force component of the regiment, designated the 4th Battalion, The Canadian Scottish Regiment, CIC, Canadian Army Occupation Force, was mobilized for service in post-war Germany. The battalion was disbanded on 29 April 1946.

The 62nd Field Battery, in conjunction with the 44th Field Battery, RCA, mobilized the 44th/62nd Field Battery, RCA, CASF, for active service on 24 May 1940. This unit was reorganized as two separate batteries on 1 January 1941, designated the 44th Field Battery, RCA, CASF, and the 62nd Field Battery, RCA, CASF. It was redesignated the 62nd Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, RCA, CASF, the same day. The battery provided light anti-aircraft artillery support as part of the 11th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA, CASF, 1st Canadian Anti-Aircraft Brigade in Great Britain. The overseas battery was disbanded on 1 March 1944.

Battle honoursEdit

File:C Scot R Regt Colour.jpg
Those battle honours in bold type are emblazoned on the regimental color.

The Great WarEdit

Honorary Distinction: The Canadian Scottish Regiment was awarded the honorary distinction of an oak leaf and acorn shoulder badge for the actions of the 16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish), CEF, at Kitchener's Wood on 22/23 April 1915.

The Second World WarEdit

ArmouryEdit

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Bay Street Drill Hall[3] 1912-15 (completed) 1989 National Historic Sites of Canada;Recognized - 1991 Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Victoria
48°26′6.75″N 123°21′50.16″W / 48.4352083°N 123.3639333°W / 48.4352083; -123.3639333 (Bay Street Drill Hall)
  • Housing The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's), this large fortress-like structure of brick, steel and concrete features towers, crenellated turrets, and detailing with Tudor Revival elements
  • Built between 1915 and 1918, it reflects the period after the Second Boer War when over 100 drill halls and armouries were erected across Canada.

Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary’s) Regimental MuseumEdit

Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary’s) Regimental Museum
Established by Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra, GCVO, CD, in May 1980.[4]
Location Bay Street Armoury, Room 315, 715 Bay Street, Victoria, British Columbia Canada
Coordinates 48°26′07″N 123°21′50″W / 48.4352°N 123.3639°W / 48.4352; -123.3639
Type Regimental Museum
Director John Wigmore
Website Regimental Museum

The Museum presents, researches and preserves items of historic significance to the Regiment and to the Infantry Branch. The artifacts assist military historians and serve as a training aid to teach regimental history.[5] (48°26′07″N 123°21′50″W / 48.4352°N 123.3639°W / 48.4352; -123.3639 (Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) Regimental Museum)), with displays of weapons, uniforms, medals and other items. The museum features a collection of small arms and regimental artifacts. The Museum is open in June, July and August on Tuesdays to Fridays from 10am to 4pm. From September to May the Museum is open on Tuesdays from 10am to 2pm. The museum is affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, OMMC and Virtual Museum of Canada.

Freedom of the CityEdit

The Freedom of the City was exercised by the Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) in Victoria, British Columbia on June 6, 1964.[6] It was also exercised in Nanaimo, British Columbia on October 5, 1974; May 20, 1990 and September 16, 2012.[7]

Cadet CorpsEdit

Four Royal Canadian Army Cadets corps on Vancouver Island are affiliated to the Canadian Scottish Regiment.

Corps Location
1726 RCACC Comox
2136 RCACC Victoria
2308 RCACC Port Alberni
2422 RCACC Nanaimo

Cadet Corps affiliated to the Canadian Scottish are entitled to wear traditional regimental accoutrements on their uniforms and receive modest support from the Regiment and its Association.

AlliancesEdit

  • Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom - The Royal Scots Borderers This regimental alliance dates to 1927 when the Canadian Scottish Regiment was formally allied to the The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment), the senior regiment of infantry in the British Army

See alsoEdit

Order of precedenceEdit

Preceded by
The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) Succeeded by
The Royal Montreal Regiment

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  2. "The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's)". Official Lineages Volume 3, Part 2: Infantry Regiments. Directorate of History and Heritage. October 2010. http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh-dhp/his/ol-lo/vol-tom-3/par2/csr-eng.asp. Retrieved October 1, 2012. 
  3. Bay Street Drill Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  4. Reginald R. Roy "Ready for the Fray" - unit history book (Victoria, British Columbia)
  5. A-AD-266-000/AG-001 Canadian Forces Museums –Operations and Administration 2002-04-03
  6. Victoria, British Columbia
  7. Nanaimo, British Columbia

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