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Thirty-Eighth Army (Japan)
Country Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Service history
Active November 9, 1942 - August 15, 1945 
Role Corps
Nickname Shin ( Trustworthy?)

The Japanese 38th Army (第38軍 Dai-sanjyūhachi gun?) was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.


The Indochina Garrison Army (印度支那駐屯軍 Indoshina Chutongun?) was formed on September 9, 1942 under the Southern Expeditionary Army Group following the Japanese invasion and occupation of French Indochina.

On November 12, 1944, with the threat of possible landings of Allied forces to retake French Indochina increasing, the organizational structure of the Southern Expeditionary Army changed, and the Indochina Garrison Army was re-designated the Japanese Thirty-Eighth Army. It remained stationed in French Indochina as a garrison force as before.

The Japanese 38th Army was involved in the Second French Indochina Campaign of March 1945, which resulted in the proclamation of the Empire of Vietnam independent from French rule.

The Japanese 38th Army was demobilized at the surrender of Japan on August 15, 1945 at Hanoi.

List of commandersEdit

Commanding officerEdit

Name From To
1 Lieutenant General Viscount Kazumoto Machijiri 10 November 1942 22 November 1944 Indochina Garrison Army
2 Lieutenant General Yuitsu Tsuchihashi 22 November 1944 20 December 1944 Indochina Garrison Army
3 Lieutenant General Yuitsu Tsuchihashi 20 December 194] September 1945 Japanese 38th Army

Chief of StaffEdit

Name From To
1 Lieutenant General Saburo Kawamura 5 December 1942 22 November 1944 Indochina Garrison Army
2 Lieutenant General Saburo Kawamura20 December 1944 2 June 1945 Japanese 38th Army
3 Major General Teiji Koudo2 June 1945 September 1945 Japanese 38th Army



  • Frank, Richard B (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X. 
  • Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW. 

External linksEdit

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