|Thomas R. Hawkins|
Sergeant Major Thomas R. Hawkins
|Died||1870 (aged 29–30)|
|Place of birth||Cincinnati, Ohio|
United States of America|
United States Army|
|Years of service||1863 - 1865|
|Unit||6th United States Colored Infantry Regiment|
American Civil War|
*Battle of Chaffin's Farm
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Thomas R. Hawkins (1840 – 1870) was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Hawkins joined the Army as a substitute from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on August 4, 1863, and became Sergeant Major of the 6th U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment on August 23. On September 29, 1864, he fought in the Battle of Chaffin's Farm, Virginia. He was discharged in May 1865 for wounds received in action.
More than five years later, on February 8, 1870, he was awarded the Medal of Honor for "rescue of regimental colors" during that battle.
Thomas Hawkins died at age 29 or 30 in 1870, and was buried in Columbian Harmony Cemetery in Washington, D.C. His remains were moved to National Harmony Memorial Park in Landover, Maryland, in 1960 when the original cemetery closed and was sold. A memorial plaque was placed at his grave in 1997.
Hawkins' courage at New Market Heights is depicted in a painting, Three Medals of Honor by artist Don Troiani. The painting is scheduled to be unveiled June 24, 2013 at the Union League of Philadelphia. Also portrayed in the painting are two fellow Medal of Honor recipients from the battle, Nathan H. Edgerton and Alexander Kelly.
Medal of Honor citation[edit | edit source]
Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 6th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29, 1864. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Birth: Cincinnati, Ohio. Date of issue: February 8, 1870.
Rescue of regimental colors.
See also[edit | edit source]
- List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: G–L
- List of African American Medal of Honor recipients
References[edit | edit source]
- Harris, Hamil R. and Smith, Leef. "On Memorial Day, Soldiers and Citizens Honor Sacrifices of Those Who Fought for Freedom." Washington Post. May 27, 1997.
- "Thomas R. Hawkins". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7101904. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
- "Civil War Medal of Honor recipients (A-L)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. 2005-04-27. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- Melvin Claxton and Mark Puls, Uncommon valor : a story of race, patriotism, and glory in the final battles of the Civil War, (Wiley, 2006) (ISBN 0471468231)
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|