FANDOM

251,257 Pages

Coordinates: 51°36′49″N 2°31′48″W / 51.6136°N 2.5301°W / 51.6136; -2.5301

Thornbury.castle.west.front.arp.750pix

The west front of Thornbury Castle. The castle was begun in 1511 as a home for Edward Stafford, third Duke of Buckingham.

Thornbury Castle is a castle in Thornbury, South Gloucestershire, England. It was begun in 1511 as a home for Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham. It is not a true castle (designed to serve as a fortress), but rather an early example of a Tudor country house, with minimal defensive attributes. It is now a grade I listed building.

The site was occupied by a manor house in 930. Part of the original plans for a very grand residence were "well advanced"[1] before the duke was beheaded, in 1521, on the orders of his distant cousin Henry VIII, for alleged treason. As in the King's palace at Sheen, the main ranges of Thornbury framed courts, of which the symmetrical entrance range, with central gatehouse and octagonal corner towers, still stands, as do two less regular side ranges with many irregular projecting features and towers.

Following the Duke's death Thornbury was confiscated by King Henry VIII of England, who stayed at the castle for ten days in August 1535 with his queen, Anne Boleyn.[2] Following the English Civil War, the castle fell into disrepair, but was renovated in 1824 by the Howard family. It is situated behind St Mary's Church, a church whose founding dates from the Norman period.

The castle is now a 26-room luxury hotel and restaurant, and a venue for weddings.

ImagesEdit

Thornbury.castle.from.church.arp.750pix

The Castle seen from the top of St Mary’s Church tower

Thornbury.twochimneys.arp.750pix

Detail of Castle chimneys

Thornbury.chimney.detail.arp.750pix

Thornbury Castle chimney detail, brickwork built in 1514

NotesEdit

  1. Sir John Summerson, Architecture in Britain 1530-1830, 9th ed. 1993:23.
  2. Letters & Papers Henry VIII, vol. 8, (1885), no. 989, the King's Gestes (advance plan) 5 July 1535; correspondence of Cromwell & his servants at Thornbury, vol. 9 (1886), nos. 114, 155, 124, 157.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Sir John Summerson, Architecture in Britain 1530-1830, 9th ed. 1993:23.
  2. Letters & Papers Henry VIII, vol. 8, (1885), no. 989, the King's Gestes (advance plan) 5 July 1535; correspondence of Cromwell & his servants at Thornbury, vol. 9 (1886), nos. 114, 155, 124, 157.

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.