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'''Thorstein the Red''' or '''Thorstein Olafsson''' was a viking chieftain who flourished in late ninth-century Scotland. He was born around 850 AD and was the son of [[Olaf the White]], [[King of Dublin]], and [[Aud the Deep-minded]], who was the daughter of [[Ketil Flatnose]].<ref>''Eirik the Red's Saga'' § 1 (Jones 126); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51).</ref> After the death of Olaf, Aud and Thorstein went to live in the Hebrides, then under Ketil's rule.<ref>According to some, Olaf repudiated Aud and sent her back to her father's court c. 857. Forte 86.</ref>
 
'''Thorstein the Red''' or '''Thorstein Olafsson''' was a viking chieftain who flourished in late ninth-century Scotland. He was born around 850 AD and was the son of [[Olaf the White]], [[King of Dublin]], and [[Aud the Deep-minded]], who was the daughter of [[Ketil Flatnose]].<ref>''Eirik the Red's Saga'' § 1 (Jones 126); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51).</ref> After the death of Olaf, Aud and Thorstein went to live in the Hebrides, then under Ketil's rule.<ref>According to some, Olaf repudiated Aud and sent her back to her father's court c. 857. Forte 86.</ref>
Thorstein eventually became a warlord and allied with the [[Jarl of Orkney]], [[Sigurd Eysteinsson]].<ref>''Eirik the Red's Saga'' § 1 (Jones 126); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51).</ref> Together Thorstein and Sigurd waged a series of campaigns in Caithness, Sutherland, [[Ross]], Moray, and a number of other regions, eventually receiving tribute from half of Scotland.<ref>''Id.''; ''Harald Finehair's Saga'' § 22 (Snorri 22); ''Orkneyinga Saga'' § 9 (Palsson 27).</ref> However, the Scottish chieftains plotted against Thorstein, and he was killed; the exact nature of his death is unknown but it probably took place around 880 or 890. After Thorstein's death Aud left Caithness, sojourning for a while in Orkney before settling with other members of her clan in Iceland.<ref>Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51-52).</ref>
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Thorstein eventually became a warlord and allied with the [[Jarl of Orkney]], [[Sigurd Eysteinsson]].<ref>''Eirik the Red's Saga'' § 1 (Jones 126); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51).</ref> Together Thorstein and Sigurd waged a series of campaigns in Caithness, Sutherland, [[Ross]], [[Moray]], and a number of other regions, eventually receiving tribute from half of Scotland.<ref>''Id.''; ''Harald Finehair's Saga'' § 22 (Snorri 22); ''Orkneyinga Saga'' § 9 (Palsson 27).</ref> However, the Scottish chieftains plotted against Thorstein, and he was killed; the exact nature of his death is unknown but it probably took place around 880 or 890. After Thorstein's death Aud left Caithness, sojourning for a while in Orkney before settling with other members of her clan in Iceland.<ref>Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 51-52).</ref>
   
 
Thorstein married [[Thurid Eyvindsdattir|Thurid]], the daughter of [[Eyvind the Easterner]]. Thorstein and Thurid had a son, [[Olaf Feilan]], and a number of daughters, including Groa, Thorgerd, Olof, Osk, Thorhild, and Vigdis.<ref>''Eirik the Red's Saga'' § 1 (Jones 127); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 52); Njal's Saga § 1 (Cook 3); ''Grettir's Saga § 26 (Thorsson 62); ''Landnámabók'' ''passim''.</ref> A woman named Unn, wife of [[Thorolf Mostur-beard]], claimed to be the daughter of Thorstein, but this claim was viewed by other Icelanders with scepticism.<ref>''Eyrbyggja Saga § 7 (Palsson 32).</ref>
 
Thorstein married [[Thurid Eyvindsdattir|Thurid]], the daughter of [[Eyvind the Easterner]]. Thorstein and Thurid had a son, [[Olaf Feilan]], and a number of daughters, including Groa, Thorgerd, Olof, Osk, Thorhild, and Vigdis.<ref>''Eirik the Red's Saga'' § 1 (Jones 127); Laxdaela Saga § 4 (Magnusson 52); Njal's Saga § 1 (Cook 3); ''Grettir's Saga § 26 (Thorsson 62); ''Landnámabók'' ''passim''.</ref> A woman named Unn, wife of [[Thorolf Mostur-beard]], claimed to be the daughter of Thorstein, but this claim was viewed by other Icelanders with scepticism.<ref>''Eyrbyggja Saga § 7 (Palsson 32).</ref>

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