FANDOM

278,228 Pages

Eurofighter Typhoon 2

Two-seat Development Aircraft (DA4).

This is a timeline of the development of the Eurofighter Typhoon, a multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers, Eurofighter GmbH, formed in 1983.

1970sEdit

  • 1972
    • Royal Air Force (RAF) issues Air Staff Target 396 (AST-396), a requirement for a STOVL aircraft to replace the Harrier and Jaguar fleets.
    • AST-403, specification revised for an air superiority fighter. STOVL requirement dropped and AST-409 lead to the development of Harrier GR5.[1]
  • Mid-1970s
    • France, Germany and UK initiate the European Combat Aircraft programme (ECA).
  • 1979
    • Following differing requirements (particularly French requirement for carrier compatibility,) BAe and MBB propose the European Combat Fighter (ECF)

1980sEdit

  • 1981
    • Development of different national prototypes and continued differences over specification lead to cancellation of ECF programme.
    • Panavia partners (Germany, Italy and UK) launch Agile Combat Aircraft (ACA) programme. Following failure of Germany and Italy to fund development the UK MoD pays £80m prototype, the Experimental Aircraft Programme (EAP).
  • 1983
    • May - Contract for production of EAP prototype signed.
    • The UK, France, Germany, Italy and Spain launch Future European Fighter Aircraft (F/EFA) programme. Aircraft to have Short Take Off and Landing (STOL) and Beyond Visual Range (BVR) capabilities.
  • 1984
    • France reiterates requirement for carrier capable version. The UK, Germany and Italy opt out and establish new EFA programme.
  • 1985
    • France officially withdraws, commences ACX project.
    • 27 October - EAP demonstrator rolled out at BAe Warton.
  • 1986
  • 1988
    • 23 November - Contracts signed for production of demonstrator engines and airframes.

1990sEdit

  • 1990
    • EuroRADAR formed for development of ECR-90 (CAPTOR) radar (right).
  • 1991
    • 1 May - Last flight of EAP demonstrator.
  • 1992
    • EuroDASS formed for development of Defensive Aids Sub System (DASS.) Initially only UK and Italy participate. When Eurofighter enters service only RAF aircraft will exploit all capabilities of DASS.
    • July - Germany announces intention to withdraw from the DASS element. Negotiations begin to reduce costs. As a single engine aircraft is ruled out Germany decides to fit cheaper systems, e.g., F/A-18's APG-65 in place of ECR-90, and delay its service entry by two years. Germany eventually participates in all systems.
    • December - Renamed Eurofighter 2000.
  • 1994
    • 27 March - Maiden flight of first development aircraft, DA1 from DASA at Manching with RB199 engines.
    • 6 April - Maiden flight of second development aircraft, DA2 from BAe Warton. DA2 also flew with RB199s.
  • 1995
    • 4 June - Maiden flight of Italian DA3, the first with EJ200 engines.
  • 1996
    • 31 August - Spanish DA6 becomes the first two-seater to fly.
  • 1997
    • 27 January - First flight of DA7 from Turin.
    • 24 February - Maiden flight of German DA5, first aircraft to be fitted with ECR-90.
    • 14 March - Maiden flight of UK's DA4, the second two-seater and last of the seven development aircraft.
  • 1998
    • January - First aerial refuelling trials, involving DA2 and an RAF VC10 tanker.
    • 30 January - NETMA and Eurofighter GmbH sign production and support contracts for 620 aircraft.
    • September - Typhoon name adopted, announced as strictly for export contracts. There is some controversy as the last aircraft to bear the name was the Hawker Typhoon, a World War II aircraft.[2]
    • 18 December - Tranche 1 contract signed.
  • 1999
    • Eurofighter International established as single contracting/management company to handle all export sales.

2000sEdit

  • 2000
    • 8 March - First export sale, 60 ordered and 30 options by Greece (but delayed, maybe cancelled).
    • 16 May - UK commits to MBDA Meteor BVRAAM, leading to significant benefits for export prospects.
    • 7 July - DA2 emerges from ten month stand down with latest avionics. Finished in black (see below) to reduce cosmetic effect of 490 pressure transducers applied to airframe.
  • 2002
    • 5 April - Instrumented Production Aircraft (IPA2) makes maiden flight from Turin.
    • 11 April - IPA 3 makes maiden flight from EADS Military Aircraft, Manching, Germany.
    • 15 April - IPA 1 makes maiden flight from BAE Warton.
    • 2 July - Austria announces acquisition of 24 Typhoon's, later reduced to 18.
    • 23 July - "Typhoon" name officially adopted as in-service name by four partner nations.
    • 21 November - DA6, flying out of Getafe crashes. Twin engine failure is blamed. .[3]
  • 2003
    • 13 February - First Series Production Aircraft, GT001 flies from Manching. This is the first of Germany's 180 aircraft.
    • 14 February - In the space of just over an hour Italy's IT001 and Britain's BT001 make their maiden flights.
    • 17 February - Spain's ST001 flies from EADS Military Aircraft, Getafe, Spain.
    • 30 June - "Type Acceptance" signed, marking formal delivery of aircraft to the partner nations.
    • October - Integration of Meteor begins
  • 2004
    • 27 June - Two RAF Typhoon T1s depart UK for Singapore for marketing and training
    • 15 December - UK confirms purchase of second batch of 89 aircraft, the last nation to commit to "Tranche 2" production of 236 aircraft.
  • 2005
    • April - Singapore drops the Typhoon from its shortlist to supply the country's next generation fighter.
    • 16 December - The Aeronautica Militare Italiana (Italian Air Force) declares the Typhoon's Initial Operational Capability and sets it on Quick Reaction Alert from Grosseto Air Base.
    • 21 December - Saudi Arabia agrees a purchase of an unspecified number of Typhoons with the UK Ministry of Defence.
  • 2006
    • January - First AMI operational squadron formed
    • February - First operational mission undertaken by the Italian Air Force as Eurofighter Typhoon defends the airspace over Turin during the 2006 Winter Olympics
    • 31 March - First RAF operational squadron formed [4]
    • August 18 - Announcement of Saudi Arabia signing a contract to buy 72 planes from the UK.[5]
    • October 3 - 100th production aircraft delivered.[6]
  • 2007
    • 12 July - The first Eurofighter for Austria is delivered to the Austrian Air Force [7]
  • 2008
    • January 16 - The first Tranche 2 Eurofighter Typhoon has made its first flight.[8]
    • October 22 - First flight of Typhoon in Royal Saudi Air Force livery.[9]
  • 2009
    • June 12 - First Saudi Typhoons delivered.[10]
    • November 25 - 200th Typhoon delivered.[11]

2010sEdit

  • 2010
    • August 24 - A Spanish Eurofighter crashes in Spain, killing a Saudi pilot [12]
    • December 22 - 250th Typhoon delivered.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. AST-403: ENGLANDS KAMPFFLUGZEUG-PROJEKT
  2. "Storm over 'Typhoon' name for Eurofighter". BBC News. 1998-09-02. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/163092.stm. Retrieved 2006-10-28. 
  3. "Eurofighter crashes in Spain". BBC News. 2002-11-21. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/2499783.stm. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 
  4. "Formation of first operational Typhoon squadron ushers in new era for the RAF". www.raf.mod.uk. Royal Air Force. 2006-03-31. http://www.raf.mod.uk/news/news_0603_27.html. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 
  5. "Saudi Arabia buys 72 Eurofighters". BBC News. 2006-08-18. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/5262120.stm?ls. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 
  6. "100th Typhoon arrives at RAF Coningsby". www.raf.mod.uk. Royal Air Force. 2006-10-09. http://www.raf.mod.uk/news/news_0610_08.html. Retrieved 2006-10-26. 
  7. "Eurofighter Typhoon Delivered To Five Nations". www.eurofighter.at. Eurofighter GmbH. 2007-07-12. http://www.eurofighter.at/news/20070712AuHo.asp. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  8. "First Tranche 2 Eurofighter Typhoon Has Flown". http://www.eurofighter.com. Eurofighter GMBH. 2007-01-16. http://www.eurofighter.com/news/20080116_ipa7.asp. Retrieved 2007-01-16. [dead link]
  9. "First flight of Typhoon in Royal Saudi Air Force livery". http://www.baesystems.com. BAE Systems. 2008-10-22. http://baesystems.com/Newsroom/NewsReleases/autoGen_10892294737.html. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  10. "Saudis Take Delivery of First Typhoons". http://www.defensenews.com. DefenseNews. 2009-06-12. http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=4136614&c=AIR&s=MID. Retrieved 2009-06-12. 
  11. "Eurofighter GmbH has delivered the 200th Typhoon produced.". http://airforcesmonthly.com. KeyPublishing. 2009-11-25. http://airforcesmonthly.com/view_news.asp?ID=1145. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  12. "Eurofighter crashes in Spain". http://www.flightglobal.com/. Flightglobal. 2010-08-24. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2010/08/24/346505/saudi-pilot-killed-as-eurofighter-crashes-in-spain.html. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  13. "Eurofighter has delivered the 250th Typhoon.". http://www.key.aero/. KeyPublishing. 2010-12-22. http://www.key.aero/view_news.asp?ID=2880&thisSection=military. Retrieved 2010-12-22. 

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.