Different Toophan versions excluding Qa'em.
|Place of origin||Iran|
|Used by|| Iran|
|Wars||2006 Lebanon War|
|Length||1.16 m (probe folded)
1.45 m (probe extended)
|Warhead weight||3.6 kg|
|Wire-guided, laser guidance for later versions|
Toophan (Persian: موشک طوفان, means "Typhoon" in Persian) is a series of Iranian anti-tank missiles. Toophan 1 is a reverse-engineered copy of the US military TOW missile. The Toophan-1's payload is a 3.6 kg high-explosive anti-tank warhead that can penetrate up to 550mm of steel armor. The range is 3,850m, the top speed 310 m/s. The manufacturer is the Aerospace Industries Organization of Iran, which has produced the missile since 2000. Several other variants are also built with more penetration power.
Operational history[edit | edit source]
Iran was among the earliest countries to import the TOW missile, as far back as 1971. Extensive repair and assembly facilities were set up at the Iran Electronics Industries (IEI) by the Texas-based Emerson Energy Systems as well as Hughes Missile Systems to repair TOW and FGM-77A Dragon missile.
In May 1975 negotiations between Iran and Hughes Missile Systems on co-production of the TOW and Maverick missiles stalled over disagreements in the pricing structure. Hughes set the royalty and initial investment costs for Iran at $20 million for the TOW and $25 million for the Maverick. The subsequent 1979 revolution ended all plans for such co-production.
Variants[edit | edit source]
Toofan 1[edit | edit source]
Basic version. Has a penetration of 550 mm RHA, a length of 116 cm and a weight of 18.5 kg. It's range is described being 3.5 km.
Toofan 2[edit | edit source]
An upgraded variant using a much more powerful tandem warhead that can penetrate 760 mm of armor after disabling ERA by its small 40 mm frontal warhead. Missile weight has been increased to 19.1 kg and length to 145 cm. As with Toofan 1 it has a range of 3.5 km.
Toofan 2B[edit | edit source]
Toofan 5[edit | edit source]
Qa'em[edit | edit source]
Operators[edit | edit source]
- Lebanon (Hezbollah)
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Missile Chronology. Retrieved on August 14, 2011.
- Kommersant. Retrieved on December 10, 2007.
[edit | edit source]
- Jane's Defence Weekly, Another ATGW for Iran
- Army Reconn article on Iranian copies of DRAGON and TOW
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