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Tsuchiya Mitsuharu
General Tsuchiya Mitsuharu
Native name 土屋光春
Born (1848-09-23)23 September 1848
Died 17 November 1920(1920-11-17) (aged 72)
Place of birth Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Service/branch War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Imperial Japanese Army
Years of service 1870 - 1915
Rank General
Commands held IJA 11th Division, IJA 14th Division, IJA 4th Division
Battles/wars

Baron Tsuchiya Mitsuharu (土屋光春?, 23 September 1848 – 17 November 1920) was a general in the early Imperial Japanese Army.[1]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Tsuchiya was born as the fourth son to a samurai family named Watari of the Okazaki Domain (present day Aichi prefecture), and was adopted into the Tsuchiya family as a child. He was sent by the domain to the predecessor of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy when it was still located in Osaka and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the fledgling Imperial Japanese Army in 1870. He participated in the suppression of the Saga Rebellion and the Satsuma Rebellion.[1]

During the First Sino-Japanese War, Tsuchiya served on the staff of the Imperial General Headquarters. After the war, he commanded the IJA 27th Infantry Brigade, the IJA 1st Taiwan Reserve Combined Brigade and the 1st Brigade of the Imperial Guard Regiment. In 1902, he was promoted to lieutenant general.[1]

After the start of the Russo-Japanese War, Tsuchiya was given command of the IJA 11th Infantry Division under General Nogi Maresuke’s Japanese Third Army at the Siege of Port Arthur. His forces took heavy casualties, and Tsuchiya himself was wounded by a gunshot to the head while leading his troops in combat. After a period back in Japan to recover, he returned to Manchuria as commander of the newly-formed IJA 14th Infantry Division.[1] In September 1907, Tsuchiya was ennobled with the title of baron (danshaku) under the kazoku peerage system. In December 1908, Tsuchiya became commander of the IJA 4th Infantry Division. On 28 August 1910, he was promoted to general, and entered the reserves on the same day. He retired on 1 April 1915, and died after illness in November 1920.

His son, Tsuchiya Mitsukane was a vice admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War, and was subsequently a member of the House of Peers (Japan).

References[edit | edit source]

  • Kowner, Rotem (2006). Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War. ISBN 0-8108-4927-5: The Scarecrow Press. 
  • Jukes, Geoffry (2002). The Russo-Japanese War 1904-1905. Osprey Essential Histories. ISBN 978-1-84176-446-7. 

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Kowner, Historical Dictionary of the Russo-Japanese War, p. 390.

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