|Type 74 105 mm self-propelled howitzer|
Type 74 displayed at the JGSDF Public Information Museum
|Place of origin||Japan|
|In service||1975 - present|
|Weight||16,500 kilograms (16.2 long tons; 18.2 short tons)|
|Length||5.8 metres (20 ft)|
|Width||2.9 metres (9 ft 6 in)|
|Height||2.39 metres (7 ft 10 in)|
|Caliber||105 millimetres (4.1 in)|
|Muzzle velocity||645 m/s (2,120 ft/s)|
|Maximum range||14.5 kilometres (9 mi)|
|1x 105 mm JSW howitzer|
|1x 12.7 mm M-2HB machine gun|
|Engine||Mitsubishi 4ZF 4-cylinder diesel|
300 brake horsepower (220 kW)
|Ground clearance||40 centimetres (16 in)|
|Fuel capacity||410 litres (110 US gal)|
|300 km (185 mi)|
|Speed||50 kilometres per hour (31 mph)|
The Type 74 105 mm self-propelled howitzer is only used by Japan. It shares a number of automotive components with the Type 73 Armored Personnel Carrier which was developed during the same time. Komatsu developed the chassis, while the howitzer and turret were designed by Japan Steel Works. The first prototypes were completed in 1969-70. The howitzer was accepted for service in 1974.
It carries 30 rounds on board. It is amphibious when using the erectable flotation screen stowed around the periphery of the upper hull. It is equipped with a NBC filtration system.
As of 2001 Japan reported to the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs that 20 Type 74s were in service. According to Jane's Armour and Artillery 2008, the 17 remaining Type 74s are attached to the 2nd Artillery Regiment at Asahikawa, Hokkaido.
- "JGSDF Inventory circa 2001". United Nations. http://disarmament.un.org/UN_REGISTER.nsf/9ac88fff42ea6bb58525641b0053efc7/2e7a95c95a584af885256a6f0051df72?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-12-24.
- Chant, Christopher. A Compendium of Armaments and Military Hardware. New York and London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987 ISBN 0-7102-0720-4, p. 76
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