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Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA)
A model of the UAC/HAL Multirole Transport Aircraft at the Aero India exhibition in 2009.
Role Military transport aircraft
Manufacturer United Aircraft Corporation and
Hindustan Aeronautics
First flight 2017 (planned)[1]
Introduction 2018 (planned)[1]
Status Under development
Primary user Russian Air Force
Indian Air Force
Program cost US$600 million
Unit cost
US$35–40 million

The UAC/HAL Il-214 Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA) is a medium-lift military transport aircraft which is being developed as a joint venture of the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) of Russia and Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) of India.[2][3] The companies are investing US$300 million each in the project.[4]

The MTA is expected to replace the Indian Air Force's aging fleet of Antonov An-32 transport aircraft. It is designed to perform regular transport duties and also to deploy paratroopers. The aircraft is expected to conduct its first flight by 2017, and to enter service by 2018.[1]

Design and development[edit | edit source]

In October 2009, Indian Defense Minister A.K. Antony made an official visit to Russia, during which the two countries formally incorporated the joint venture. The governments of Russia and India agreed to produce the aircraft for their respective armed forces and for friendly third-party countries, and to develop a civilian variant of the MTA in the form of a 100-seater passenger airplane, for which Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) – owned by the Indian government – will be the lead partner and principal integrator. The Indian portion of the MTA's serial production would take place at HAL's Transport Aircraft Division in Kanpur.[5]

India and Russia finalized arrangements to support the MTA's development with a contribution of US$300.35 million. Russia’s United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) and India's HAL will set up a subsidiary company to develop the aircraft. The new company, supported by US$600.7 million in funding, will begin work on developing the MTA immediately. HAL Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) Ashok Nayak confirmed that India would acquire 45 aircraft and Russia 105. There would, however, be scope for exporting the aircraft, both for civil and military use, and more MTAs could be manufactured.[6] In October 2012, HAL signed a preliminary design contract with UAC, stipulating that joint design work would begin in Moscow, involving 30 Indian engineers as well as UAC's design team.[7]

The aircraft is expected to be powered by Russian-made Aviadvigatel PS-90 turbofan engines attached to top-mounted wings,[8] and will have a T-shaped tail. The cabin size would be similar to the Ilyushin Il-76, but will be half the length, supporting a maximum payload of 20 tonnes (44,000 lb) of military or civilian cargo. The aircraft's maximum range is expected to be 2,500 kilometres (1,600 mi), and its top speed will be around 870 km/h (540 mph).[1]

Specifications[edit | edit source]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Capacity: 88 to 100 passengers
  • Payload: 20,000 kilograms (44,000 lb)
  • Length: 33.2 m (108 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 30.1 m (98 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 10 m (32 ft 10 in)
  • Max takeoff weight: 68,000 kg (149,914 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 13,500 kilograms (29,800 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Aviadvigatel PS-90A-76 turbofan engines, 140 kN (32,000 lbf) thrust each


  • Maximum speed: 870 km/h (541 mph; 470 kn)
  • Cruising speed: 830 km/h (516 mph; 448 kn)
  • Range: 2,500 km (1,553 mi; 1,350 nmi) with payload of 20,000 kilograms (44,000 lb)
  • Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,370 ft)
  • Takeoff run: 1,200 metres (3,900 ft)
  • Landing run: 1,200 metres (3,900 ft)

See also[edit | edit source]

Comparable aircraft

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Karnozov, Vladimir (5 February 2013). "Russian-Indian Military Transport JV Debuts at Aero India". http://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/ain-news-live-aeroindia/2013-02-05/russian-indian-military-transport-jv-debuts-aero-india. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  2. Tactical Transport Aircraft. Irkut Corporation. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  3. "Russia, India may form military transport planes JV in 2-3 months". RIA Novosti. 12 February 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  4. "India, Russia enter into $600m JV to develop new aircraft". Times of India. 12 February 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  5. "UAC-HAL's Multirole Transport Aircraft JV To Be Incorporated Next Month". LiveFist at Blogspot.com. 30 August 2009. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  6. "India, Russia finalize transport aircraft project". IndiaStrategic.in. September 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  7. "Aircraft: Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd signs design phase contract with Russia firm". India Times. 12 October 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  8. "Russian aircraft designers tested yesterday's engine". Rus Business News. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2013.

External links[edit | edit source]

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