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USRC Relief (1867)

|Ship image= |Ship caption= |module=<tr> <th height="30" style="background-color: #B0C4DE; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;">Career (U.S.)</th> <th style="background-color: #B0C4DE; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;">Ensign of the United States Revenue-Marine (1867)</th> </tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Name:</td><td> USRC Relief</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Namesake:</td><td> Assistance in time of difficulty.</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Builder:</td><td> Bierly & Hillman, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania[1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Cost:</td><td> US$16,450[1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Completed:</td><td> 1867</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Commissioned:</td><td> 1867</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Homeport:</td><td> Indianola, Texas, 29 June 1867–19 July 1870[Note 1]</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Fate:</td><td> Unknown[2]</td></tr> |module2=<tr> <th colspan="2" height="30" style="background-color: #B0C4DE; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;">General characteristics </th></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Class & type:</td><td> Relief-class schooner</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Displacement:</td><td> 120 tons</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Length:</td><td> 92 ft (28 m)</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Beam:</td><td> 20 ft (6.1 m)</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Draft:</td><td> 7 ft (2.1 m)</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Sail plan:</td><td> schooner</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align:top;"><td>Armament:</td><td> 1 gun</td></tr> }}

USRC Relief, was a revenue cutter of the United States Revenue Cutter Service in commission from 1867 to at least 1870.[1] She was the first Revenue Cutter Service ship to bear the name.[3]

HistoryEdit

Built at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Bierly & Hillman, Relief was commissioned in 1867 and served what is known of her entire career homeported at Indianola, Texas.[2] She was the lead ship of the Relief-class of two revenue schooners built to her specifications.[Note 2] Relief and her sister ship, Rescue also built by Bierly & Hillman, were among the last strictly sail-powered cutters built for the Revenue Service.[3] On 18 September Relief was transferred temporarily to Key West, Florida due to an outbreak of yellow fever in the Indianola area. She returned from Key West on 5 December 1867. On 19 July 1870, she sailed for New Orleans for scheduled repairs. No Revenue Cutter Service record exists of her movements after 19 July 1870.[2][3]

NotesEdit

Footnotes
  1. The last Revenue Service record of Relief was 19 July 1870[2]
  2. Colton claims that the Relief-class consisted of only two ships, Relief and USRC Rescue, both constructed at the Bierly & Hillman shipyard. Canney claims Relief was one of six cutters of the Active-class.[1] The other four cutters that Canney claims are in the Active-class were built in different yards and had different dimensions than the cutters built at the Bierly & Hillman shipyard. USRC Active and USRC Resolute were constructed by J.W. Lynn of Philadelphia and had a over all length of 90 ft (27 m); USRC Petrel and USRC Racer were built by W.H. Hawthorn of Williamsburg, New York and had an over all length of 85 ft (26 m).[4]
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Canney, p 38
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Record of Movements, p 422
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Relief, 1867", U.S. Coast Guard Cutters & Craft Index, U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office
  4. Colton, Tim; "Revenue Cutters Built in the 18th and 19th Centuries", Shipbuilding History, shipbuildinghistory.com website
References used
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