|USS Bainbridge (DD-246)|
|Builder:||New York Shipbuilding|
|Laid down:||27 May 1919|
|Launched:||12 June 1920|
|Commissioned:||9 February 1921|
|Decommissioned:||21 July 1945|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap, 30 November 1945|
|Class & type:||Clemson-class destroyer|
|Length:||314 feet 4 inches (95.81 m)|
|Beam:||31 feet 8 inches (9.65 m)|
|Draft:||9 feet 10 in (3 m)|
26,500 shp (20 MW); |
|Speed:||35 knots (65 km/h)|
4,900 nmi (9,100 km) |
@ 15 kt
|Complement:||137 officers and enlisted|
|Armament:||4 × 4" (102 mm), 1 × 3" (76 mm), 12 × 21" (533 mm) torpedo tubes|
The third USS Bainbridge (DD-246) was a Clemson-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War II. She was named for Commodore William Bainbridge, who served in the War of 1812 and the First and Second Barbary Wars.
History[edit | edit source]
Bainbridge was launched 12 June 1920 by New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey; sponsored by Miss Juliet Edith Greene, great great-granddaughter of Commodore Bainbridge; commissioned 9 February 1921, Lieutenant Commander E.L. Thebaud in command; and reported to the Atlantic Fleet.
Bainbridge operated along the eastern seaboard and in the Caribbean with the fleet carrying out tactical exercises and maneuvers until October 1922, when she departed for Constantinople to join the Naval Detachment in Turkish waters. On 16 December 1922 she rescued approximately 500 survivors of the burning French military transport Vinh-Long about 10 miles off Constantinople. For extraordinary heroism during the rescue Lieutenant Commander Walter A. Edwards received the Medal of Honor.
Between 1923 and 1928 Bainbridge participated in annual fleet concentrations, tactical and joint maneuvers, and fleet and type competitions. In 1927 she was assigned temporary duty with the Special Service Squadron for patrol duty off Nicaragua during internal disturbances there. During several summers Bainbridge participated in the training program of the Scouting Fleet, making summer cruises with reservists. On 23 December 1930 she was placed out of commission in reserve at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
On 9 March 1932 Bainbridge was placed in reduced commission and attached to Rotating Reserve Division 19, taking part in Naval Reserve training cruises. She was placed in full commission 5 September 1933 and assigned to Destroyer Division 8, Scouting Force. For a short period she served with the Special Service Squadron in the Florida Keys and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and was later assigned to the Pacific, arriving at San Diego, California 5 November 1934. While serving on the west coast Bainbridge made cruises to British Columbia, Alaska, and Hawaii. She was placed out of commission in reserve at San Diego 20 November 1937.
Recommissioned 26 September 1939 Bainbridge was as signed to Division 62 and operated on the Neutrality Patrol in the Panama Canal Zone until the summer of 1940 when she reported to Key West, Florida, for patrol duty. During the early part of 1941 she cruised along the northeast coast and between May and November 1941 made three convoy escort voyages to Newfoundland and Iceland.
World War II[edit | edit source]
Between December 1941 and July 1945 Bainbridge operated as a convoy escort in the waters off the east and Gulf coasts and in the Caribbean with the exception of five trans-Atlantic escort crossings to North Africa (February–December 1943).
Convoys escorted[edit | edit source]
|HX 155||18–25 October 1941||52 ships escorted without loss from Newfoundland to Iceland prior to US declaration of war|
|ON 31||4–15 November 1941||37 ships escorted without loss from Iceland to Newfoundland prior to US declaration of war|
|HX 168||4–10 January 1942||36 ships escorted without loss from Newfoundland to Iceland|
|ON 57||24 January-7 February 1942||15 ships escorted without loss from Iceland to Newfoundland|
|AT 33||6 January 1943||escorted Empress of Scotland out of New York City with 4,191 troops bound for England|
|UGS 5A||18–21 February 1943||16 ships escorted without loss from Chesapeake Bay to Mediterranean Sea|
|GUS 9||9–15 July 1943||43 ships escorted without loss from Mediterranean Sea to Chesapeake Bay|
|UGS 16||27 August-7 September 1943||79 ships escorted without loss from Chesapeake Bay to Mediterranean Sea|
|GUS 15||21–27 September 1943||37 ships escorted without loss from Mediterranean Sea to Chesapeake Bay|
|UGS 22||25–30 October 1943||64 ships escorted without loss from Chesapeake Bay to Mediterranean Sea|
Disposal[edit | edit source]
Commencing her inactivation 1 July 1945, Bainbridge was decommissioned 21 July 1945 at Philadelphia and sold 30 November 1945.
Bainbridge received one battle star for her service as a convoy escort (13 June–August 1943).
References[edit | edit source]
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- "HX convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hx/index.html. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
- "ON convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/on/index.html. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
- "AT convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/at/index.html. Retrieved 2011-07-15.
- "UGS convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/ugs/index.html. Retrieved 2011-06-20.
- "GUS convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/gus/index.html. Retrieved 2011-06-20.
[edit | edit source]
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