|USS Batfish (SSN-681)|
|Career (United States of America)|
|Name:||USS Batfish (SSN-681)|
|Namesake:||The batfish, the name of any of several fishes|
|Ordered:||25 June 1968|
|Builder:||General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, Connecticut|
|Laid down:||9 February 1970|
|Launched:||9 October 1971|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Arthur R. Gralla|
|Commissioned:||1 September 1972|
|Decommissioned:||17 March 1999|
|Struck:||17 March 1999|
|Fate:||Scrapping via Ship and Submarine Recycling Program completed 22 November 2002|
|Class & type:||Sturgeon-class submarine|
4,195 long tons (4,262 t) light|
4,501 long tons (4,573 t) full
306 long tons (311 t) dead
|Length:||302 ft 3 in (92.13 m)|
|Beam:||31 ft 8 in (9.65 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 8 in (8.74 m)|
|Installed power:||15,000 shaft horsepower (11.2 megawatts)|
|Propulsion:||One S5W nuclear reactor with S3G3 modified core, two steam turbines, one screw|
15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) surfaced|
25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||1,300 feet (396 meters)|
|Complement:||112 (14 officers, 98 enlisted men)|
|Armament:||4 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes|
Construction and commissioning
The contract to build Batfish was awarded to the Electric Boat Division of General Dynamics Corporation in Groton, Connecticut, on 25 June 1968 and her keel was laid down there on 9 February 1970. She was launched on 9 October 1971, sponsored by Mrs. Arthur R. Gralla, and commissioned on 1 September 1972 with Commander Richard E. Enkeboll in command.
After commissioning, Batfish was assigned Naval Station Charleston at Charleston, South Carolina, as her home port. On 22 January 1973 Batfish ran hard aground at Charleston while proceeding to sea. She was pulled free by tugs and returned to port where extensive damage to her bottom was repaired.
Operation Evening Star, 1978
On 2 March 1978, Batfish, commanded by Commander (later Rear Admiral) Thomas Evans, left Charleston on what would transpire to be a remarkable 77-day patrol known as "Operation Evening Star." On 17 March 1978, Batfish detected a Soviet Navy Navaga-class (NATO reporting name "YANKEE I" class) ballistic missile submarine at the north end of the Norwegian Sea some 200 nautical miles (370 km) above the Arctic Circle. Batfish began trailing the YANKEE I, collecting valuable information on how the Soviet Navy operated. During the next 50 days, the YANKEE I never detected Batfish, and Batfish only lost contact with the YANKEE I twice: the first time during a bad storm, and the second time when a fishing fleet passed overhead. Both times, Batfish quickly reacquired the Soviet submarine.
The Soviets remained unaware that their submarine had followed by any vessel until U.S. Navy Chief Warrant Officer John Anthony Walker reported the incident to them while he was spying in the 1980's. Walker pleaded guilty to espionage in 1985.
Batfish conducted a deployment in the Mediterranean Sea with the United States Sixth Fleet from February to August 1992. In September 1994 Batfish was transferred from her homeport in Charleston, SC to Naval Submarine Base New London at Groton, CT, which remained her home port for the rest of her operational life. Batfish conducted a deployment in the Mediterranean Sea with the Sixth Fleet as part of the USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) carrier battle group from March to September 1995. Batfish conducted a deployment in 1996, transiting through the Panama canal and into the Pacific for a 4 week excursion in the Southern hemisphere and Central Pacific.
Batfish was decommissioned on 17 March 1999 and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register the same day. Her scrapping via the Nuclear-Powered Ship and Submarine Recycling Program at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton, Washington, was completed on 22 November 2002.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
- NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive Batfish (SSN-681)
- "Voyage of the Batfish: 50 days tailing Soviet sub" by Pauline Jelinek, The Seattle Times, 2 March 2001
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