|USS Bernadou (DD-153)|
|Builder:||William Cramp and Sons|
|Laid down:||4 June 1918|
|Launched:||7 November 1918|
19 May 1919 to 1 July 1922|
1 May 1930 to 17 July 1945
|Struck:||13 August 1945|
|Fate:||Sold for scrapping, 30 November 1945|
|Class & type:||Wickes class destroyer|
|Length:||314 ft 5 in (95.83 m)|
|Beam:||31 ft 8 in (9.65 m)|
|Draft:||9 ft (2.74 m)|
|Speed:||35 knots (65 km/h)|
|Complement:||122 officers and enlisted|
|Armament:||4 × 4" (102 mm), 2 × 3" (76 mm), 12 × 21" (533 mm) torpedo tubes|
Bernadou was launched 7 November 1918 by William Cramp and Sons Ship and Engine Building Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; sponsored by Miss Cora Winslow Bernadou, Commander Bernadou's sister; and commissioned 19 May 1919, Lieutenant Commander L. G. Farley in command.
Service history[edit | edit source]
Following a cruise to Europe during the summer of 1919, Bernadou joined Division 19, Atlantic Fleet, and cruised along the east coast until placed out of commission at Philadelphia Navy Yard 1 July 1922. She joined Squadron 7, Scouting Force, after recommissioning 1 May 1930. Out of service September 1936-October 1939, she then rejoined the fleet for service with Destroyer Division 6, Atlantic Squadron, on Neutrality Patrol.
She helped convoy the Marines to Iceland (1 July 1941 – 7 July 1941) and, except for one crossing to Britain, remained on the Newfoundland-Iceland convoy run until the fall of 1942. On 25 October 1942 she departed Norfolk, Virginia to take part in the invasion of North Africa (8–11 November). She won a Presidential Unit Citation for landing assault troops inside the harbor of Safi, French Morocco.
Returning to Boston 26 November she remained on east coast convoy duty until February 1943. Bernadou made a convoy run to Gibraltar during March and April and on 10 May departed Norfolk for Oran, Algeria. She operated from Oran until December 1943 during which time she screened the Amphibious Battle of Gela during the occupation of Sicily (9–12 July); took part in the Salerno landings (9–10 September and 21–23 September), and escorted Mediterranean convoys.
She returned to the United States in December 1943 and escorted two convoys to North Africa (22 February 1944 – 9 June 1944) before retiring to the less rigorous east coast-Caribbean runs. From October 1944 to May 1945, she served as plane guard and escort vessel during carrier exercises off the east coast. She arrived at Philadelphia Navy Yard 8 June 1945, was decommissioned 17 July, and sold 30 November 1945.
Awards[edit | edit source]
In addition to her Presidential Unit Citation, Bernadou received five battle stars for her World War II service.
As of 2004, no other ship in the United States Navy has borne this name.
Convoys escorted[edit | edit source]
|task force 19||1–7 July 1941||occupation of Iceland prior to US declaration of war|
|HX 153||7-13 Oct 1941||from Newfoundland to Iceland prior to US declaration of war|
|ON 28||25 Oct-3 Nov 1941||from Iceland to Newfoundland prior to US declaration of war|
|HX 161||23 Nov-3 Dec 1941||from Newfoundland to Iceland prior to US declaration of war|
|ON 43||11-15 Dec 1941||from Iceland to Newfoundland|
|HX 173||3-10 Feb 1942||from Newfoundland to Iceland|
|ON 67||19-28 Feb 1942||from Iceland to Newfoundland|
|ON 89||MOEF group A1||23–26 April 1942||from Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Morison, Samuel Eliot (1975). The Battle of the Atlantic September 1939-May 1943. Little, Brown and Company. pp. 74–79.
- "HX convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hx/index.html. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
- "ON convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/on/index.html. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
[edit | edit source]
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