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USS Bougainville (LHA-8)
USS America (LHA-6) off Rio de Janeiro in August 2014
Sister ship USS America
Career (United States) Flag of the United States.svg
Name: Bougainville
Namesake: Bougainville Campaign[1]
Awarded: 30 June 2016[2]
Builder: Huntington Ingalls Industries[2][3]
Status: On order
General characteristics
Class & type: America-class amphibious assault ship
Displacement: 44,971 long tons (45,693 t)
Length: 844 ft (257 m)
Beam: 106 ft (32 m)
Draft: 26 ft (7.9 m) (7.9 meters)
Propulsion: Two marine gas turbines, two shafts, 70,000 bhp (52,000 kW), two 5,000 horsepower (3,700 kW) auxiliary propulsion motors.
Speed: over 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
Complement:
  • 65 officers, 994 enlisted
  • 1,687 Marines (plus 184 surge)
  • Sensors and
    processing systems:
  • AN/SPQ-9B fire control
  • EASR airsearch radar[4]
  • Electronic warfare
    & decoys:
  • AN/SLQ-32B(V)2
  • 2 × Mk53 NULKA decoy launchers[5]
  • Armament:
  • Rolling Airframe Missile launchers
  • Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile launchers
  • 20 mm Phalanx CIWS mounts
  • 7× twin .50 BMG machine guns
  • Aircraft carried:
  • AV-8B Harrier II
  • MV-22B Osprey
  • F-35B Lightning II
  • CH-53K King Stallion
  • UH-1Y Venom
  • AH-1Z Viper
  • MH-60S Knighthawk
  • USS Bougainville (LHA-8) is a planned America-class amphibious assault ship to be built for the United States Navy.[6] It will be the second Navy ship to be named Bougainville.[1][7] Bougainville will be built by Huntington Ingalls Industries at its shipyard in Pascagoula, Mississippi[3] and is expected to deliver in 2024.[1]

    DesignEdit

    The design of Bougainville is based on USS Makin Island, itself an improved version of the Wasp-class amphibious assault ship. While Makin Island had a well deck, the earlier two Flight 0 America-class ships USS America and USS Tripoli were designed and built without a well deck to make space for aircraft and aviation fuel.[8] Bougainville will be the first Flight 1 America-class ship,[1] and as such will include a well deck.[2] The design of the Flight 1 America-class ships, including that of the Bougainville, adopts a compromise, incorporating a slightly smaller aircraft hangar as well as smaller medical and other spaces to fit a small well deck for surface connector operations.[2][9] The island structure will also be modified to free up more room on the flight deck to accommodate maintenance of V-22s, compensating for some of the lost aircraft hangar space.[9]

    Bougainville will be the first in her class built with a redesigned and stronger main deck; the earlier America-class vessels America and Tripoli each required retrofitting in order to handle the strain of daily Marine F-35B Lightning II STOVL operations.[10] In addition, Bougainville will incorporate the Enterprise Air Surveillance Radar (EASR) volume air search radar in lieu of the AN/SPS-48G air search radar in America and Tripoli.[4] The Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carriers starting with John F. Kennedy and the planned LX(R) will also have this radar.[11]

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Eckstein, Megan (9 November 2016). "Mabus Names LHA-8 After Bougainville Island Campaign in World War II". U.S. Naval Institute. https://news.usni.org/2016/11/09/mabus-names-lha-8-after-bougainville-world-war-ii-campaign-in-solomon-islands. 
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Eckstein, Megan (30 June 2016). "Ingalls Wins LHA-8 Contract, NASSCO To Build 6 Fleet Oilers". U.S. Naval Institute. https://news.usni.org/2016/06/30/ingalls-wins-lha-8-contract-nassco-build-6-fleet-oilers. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
    3. 3.0 3.1 "Huntington Ingalls to build new America-class amphibious ship LHA 8". NavalToday. 1 July 2016. http://navaltoday.com/2016/07/01/huntington-ingalls-to-build-new-america-class-amphibious-ship-lha-8/. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
    4. 4.0 4.1 LaGrone, Sam (22 August 2016). "Raytheon Awarded $92M Navy Contract for Future Carrier, Big Deck AESA Radars". U.S. Naval Institute. https://news.usni.org/2016/08/22/raytheon-awarded-92m-navy-contract-future-carrier-big-deck-aesa-radars. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
    5. http://www.dote.osd.mil/pub/reports/FY2008/pdf/navy/2008lha6.pdf
    6. "Bougainville (LHA 8)". Naval Vessel Register. United States Navy. 10 November 2016. http://www.nvr.navy.mil/NVRSHIPS/DETAILS/LHA8.HTM. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
    7. "SECNAV names next Amphibious Assault Destroyer". U.S. Department of Defense. 9 November 2016. http://www.defense.gov/News/News-Releases/News-Release-View/Article/999709/secnav-names-next-amphibious-assault-destroyer. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
    8. "GAO-09-326SP 'Defense Acquisitions: Assessments of Selected Weapon Programs'". U.S. Government Accountability Office. 30 March 2009. http://www.gao.gov/htext/d09326sp.html. 
    9. 9.0 9.1 Freedberg, Sydney J. Jr. (3 October 2012). "Navy’s Newest, LHA-6, A Dead End For Amphibious Ships?". http://breakingdefense.com/2012/10/navys-newest-lha-6-a-dead-end-for-amphibious-ships/. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
    10. LaGrone, Sam (22 March 2016). "USS America Back to Sea After Completing 10-Months of Deck Strengthening for F-35s". U.S. Naval Institute. https://news.usni.org/2016/03/22/uss-america-back-to-sea-after-completing-10-months-of-deck-strengthening-for-f-35s. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
    11. "Navy C4ISR and Unmanned Systems". Sea Power 2016 Almanac. Navy League of the U.S.. January 2016. p. 91. http://www.seapower-digital.com/seapower/january_2016?pg=93#pg93. 

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