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USS Braziliera (1856)
Career (US) Union Navy Jack
Name: USS Braziliera
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: 1856 at Baltimore, Maryland
Acquired: 30 July 1861
Commissioned: 27 October 1861
Decommissioned: 1865
Struck: 1865 (est.)
Fate: sold, 2 June 1865
General characteristics
Type: Bark
Displacement: 541 long tons (550 t)
Length: 135 ft 8 in (41.35 m)
Beam: 28 ft 7 in (8.71 m)
Draft: 10 ft (3.0 m)
Propulsion: Sail
Speed: 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)
Complement: Unknown
Armament: 6 × 32-pounder smoothbore guns

USS Braziliera (1856) was a bark acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was used by the Union Navy primarily as a gunboat stationed off Confederate ports to prevent their trading with foreign countries.

Built in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1861[edit | edit source]

Braziliera — a wooden bark — was built in 1856 by J. J. Abrahams, Baltimore, Maryland; purchased at New York City on 30 July 1861; and commissioned on 27 October 1861, Acting Volunteer Lieutenant C. F. W. Behm in command.

Civil War service[edit | edit source]

Assigned to the North Atlantic Blockade[edit | edit source]

She joined the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron and served on the blockade of Beaufort, North Carolina. On 3 March 1862, Braziliera received considerable damage when the bark Amanda dragged anchor at Hampton Roads, Virginia, and collided with her.

Reassigned to the South Atlantic Blockade[edit | edit source]

On 27 June, Braziliera reported to the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. While with the Squadron she captured four vessels. She also took part in the destruction of salt works on St. Simon's Sound, Georgia, and lumberworks on St. Andrew Bay, Florida.

In May 1864, she assisted in defeating the attack of CSS North Carolina at the mouth of the Cape Fear River, North Carolina.

Post-war decommissioning and sale[edit | edit source]

Braziliera was sold on 2 June 1865 at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

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