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USS C-1 (SS-9)
USS Octopus (SS-9)
USS Octopus (SS-9)
Name: USS Octopus
Builder: Fore River Shipyard, Quincy, Massachusetts
Launched: 4 October 1906
Commissioned: 30 June 1908
Decommissioned: 4 August 1919
Renamed: C-1, 17 November 1911
Fate: Sold for scrap, 13 April 1920
General characteristics
Class & type: C-class submarine
Displacement: 238 long tons (242 t) surfaced
275 long tons (279 t) submerged[1]
Length: 105 ft 4 in (32.11 m)
Beam: 13 ft 11 in (4.24 m)
Draft: 10 ft (3.0 m)
Propulsion: Craig gasoline engines
electric motors
2 × shafts
Speed: 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h) surfaced
9 kn (10 mph; 17 km/h) submerged[1]
Complement: 15 officers and enlisted
Armament: 2 × 18 in (460 mm) bow torpedo tubes (4 torpedoes)[1]

USS C-1 (SS-9) was the lead ship of her class of submarine of the United States Navy.

C-1 was laid down by Fore River Shipbuilding Company in Quincy, Massachusetts, under a subcontract from Electric Boat Company, as Octopus. Octopus was launched on 4 October 1906 sponsored by Miss F. Webster, and commissioned on 30 June 1908, Lieutenant C. E. Courtney in command. She was renamed C-1 on 17 November 1911.

Service history[]

Assigned to Submarine Flotilla 2 (SubFlot 2), Octopus operated out of Newport, Rhode Island and New York City until 9 October 1908. Tests and experiments, of both submarine design and the tactical use of her type, continued from Norfolk, Virginia and Newport until she was placed in reserve at Charleston, South Carolina on 14 February 1910.

Recommissioned on 15 April, the submarine conducted experiments and served as training vessel at Newport until 10 May 1913. C-1 was reassigned to Submarine Group 1, Torpedo Flotilla, Atlantic Fleet, and from 29 May-7 December operated out of Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. She served in Panamanian waters in training, and later, on patrol during World War I until 4 August 1919, when she was decommissioned at Coco Solo in the Panama Canal Zone. Here, she was sold on 13 April 1920.

In Literature[]

A fictional submarine named USS Octopus appears in Edward L. Beach's 1955 novel Run Silent, Run Deep.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. Illustrated Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Weapons and Warfare (London: Phoebus, 1978), Volume 19, p.2037, "Octopus".

External links[]

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