|USS Cheng Ho (IX-52)|
|Name:||USS Cheng Ho|
|Builder:||Ah King Shipways, Hong Kong|
|Acquired:||by purchase, 14 July 1941|
|Commissioned:||23 July 1941|
|Struck:||25 February 1946|
|1 battle star (Pearl Harbor)|
|Length:||90 ft (27 m)|
|Beam:||30 ft (9.1 m)|
USS Cheng Ho (IX-52) (also written Chengho), an unclassified miscellaneous vessel, was the only ship of the United States Navy of that name, which was given to her by her civilian owner for Zheng He, the Chinese admiral and explorer.
The Chinese junk motor yacht was built at the Ah King Shipways, Hong Kong, for Mrs. Anne Archbold (the daughter of John Dustin Archbold, co-founder of Standard Oil), and launched in October 1939. She was designed and built for a plant collecting expedition to the Dutch East Indies led by botanist David Fairchild. The expedition was intended to last for two years, but after only six months the outbreak of war made further work impossible. Although shortened, the trip was productive. More than 500 different kinds of plants were collected, including more than 90 species of palms.
Cheng Ho was at the Section Base, Bishop's Point, during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. Throughout World War II she served at Pearl Harbor as a picket boat and as an inshore patrol vessel. She was stricken on 25 February 1946, and turned over to the War Shipping Administration for return to her former owner.
Cheng Ho was last seen in 1990, derelict and beached at Papeete, Tahiti.
- ↑ "Members of the Cheng Ho Expedition". fairchildgarden.org. http://www.fairchildgarden.org/aboutfairchild/history/thechenghoexpedition/Cheng-Ho-Participants/. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- ↑ "The Cheng Ho Expedition". fairchildgarden.org. http://www.fairchildgarden.org/aboutfairchild/history/thechenghoexpedition/. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 "Cheng Ho". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/c7/chengho.htm. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- ↑ "Ships Present at Pearl Harbor, 0800 7 December 1941". history.navy.mil. http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq66-2.htm. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of USS Cheng Ho at NavSource Naval History
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