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USS Circassian (1862)
Career (US) US flag 34 stars.svg
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: date unknown
Acquired: 8 November 1862
Commissioned: 12 December 1862
Decommissioned: 26 April 1865
Struck: 1865 (est.)
Captured: by Union Navy forces
4 May 1862
Fate: sold, 22 June 1865
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,750 tons
Length: 241 ft (73 m)
Beam: 39 ft (12 m)
Draught: 18 ft (5.5 m)
Propulsion: steam engine
Speed: not known
Complement: not known
Armament: four 9” smoothbore guns
one 100-pounder rifle
one 12-pounder rifle
Armour: iron

USS Circassian (1862) was a large steamer captured by the Union Navy during the American Civil War.

She was used by the Union Navy as a supply ship for ships on the blockade of the ports and waterways of the Confederate States of America.

Circassian captured and placed into Union Navy service Edit

Circassian, an iron screw steamer, was captured 4 May 1862 by USS Somerset; purchased from the prize court at Key West, Florida, 8 November 1862; outfitted at New York Navy Yard; and commissioned 12 December 1862, Acting Volunteer Lieutenant W. B. Eaton in command.

Assigned to the East and West Gulf Blockades Edit

Circassian served as supply ship for the East and West Gulf Blockading Squadrons. Between 17 December 1862 and 11 April 1865 she completed nine cruises from New York City or Boston, Massachusetts, delivering supplies to ships and stations along the Atlantic coast and in the Gulf of Mexico as far west as Galveston, Texas, and up the Mississippi River to New Orleans, Louisiana. On return trips she carried men due to be discharged, invalids, prisoners of war, cotton and provisions. During this time she also captured two prizes and participated in the search for the Confederate steamer Florida in July 1864.

End-of-war operations and decommissioning Edit

Circassian arrived at Boston Navy Yard from her last cruise 11 April 1865, was placed out of commission 26 April 1865 and sold 22 June 1865.

See also Edit


This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

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