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USS Coeur de Lion (1861)
CoeurDeLion
Career (US) US flag 34 stars.svg
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: 1853, Coxsakie, New York
Acquired: 1861
Commissioned: 2 October 1861
Decommissioned: 2 June 1865
Struck: date unknown
Fate: returned to the Lighthouse Board 3 June 1865
General characteristics
Displacement: 110 tons
Length: 100 ft (30 m)
Beam: 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
Draught: depth 4'10", draft 4'6
Propulsion: steam engine
side-wheel propelled
Complement: 29
Armament: one 30-pounder gun ,
one rifled 12-pounder gun,
one smoothbore 12 pounder gun

USS Coeur de Lion (1861) (more properly spelled Cœur de lion, but it is unclear which rendering was actually used) was an armed side-wheeled steamer acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She served as a patrol boat, capable of engaging the enemy with her powerful guns.

Service with the Union NavyEdit

Balloon barge

The "Coeur de Lion" tows the USS George Washington Parke Custis

Coeur de Lion, a side wheel steamer, was loaned to the Navy Department by the Lighthouse Board in 1861; outfitted at New York Navy Yard; and sailed 2 October 1861 for Washington, D.C., Acting Master Alexander in command. On 10 November 1861 the "Coeur de Lion" towed the barge USS George Washington Parke Custis (1861) the first de facto aircraft carrier.

Patrolling the Potomac River and tributariesEdit

Until the end of the war Coeur de Lion patrolled in the Potomac River, James River, and other rivers of Virginia. She burned the schooners Charity, Gazelle, and Flight in the Appomattox River on 27 May 1862 and the schooners Sarah Margaret and Odd Fellow up the Coan River 1 June 1862.

Enforcing the blockade, Coeur de Lion captured the schooners Emily Murray off Machodoc Creek, Virginia, 9 February 1863, and Robert Knowles 16 September 1863, and Malinda 3 June 1864, in the Potomac. During a reconnaissance up the Nansemond River, she exchanged fire with enemy batteries on 17 and 19 April 1863, taking the surrender of one of these on the 19th.

DecommissioningEdit

Arriving at Washington Navy Yard 15 May 1865, Coeur de Lion was decommissioned 2 June 1865 and returned to the Lighthouse Board the following day.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

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