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USS Glaucus (1863)
Career (US) Naval jack of the United States (1865–1867)
Name: USS Glaucus
Owner: (Original): Neptune Steamship Company
Builder: Van Deusen Bros., New York
Cost: $160,000
Launched: 1863
Completed: 1864
Acquired: 17 Jul 1863
Commissioned: 18 Feb 1864
Decommissioned: 11 Jun 1864
Out of service: 1894
Struck: 1865 (est.)
Fate: Scrapped, 1894
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,244 tons
Length: 209 ft
Beam: 35 ft 6 in
Depth of hold: 20 ft 8 in
Installed power: Inverted direct-acting steam engine
Propulsion: Single screw, auxiliary sails
Sail plan: Schooner
Speed: 10 knots
Complement: 160
Armament: one 100-pounder Parrott rifle
two 30-pounder rifles
eight 8” guns

USS Glaucus was a large steamship acquired by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. The Union Navy planned to use her as a gunship in the blockade of ports of the Confederate States of America, but, also found it useful to use her to transport the president of Colombia to Cartagena, Colombia.

On her return to blockade duty, Glaucus experienced a fire and several groundings, but managed to make it through to the end of the war.

Service historyEdit

Glaucus, a screw steamer, was in the process of being built by the Van Duesen Brothers in New York City for the Neptune Steamship Company when she was purchased on behalf of the U.S. Navy on 17 July 1863 by Rear Admiral F. H. Gregory; and commissioned 18 February 1864, Comdr. C. H. B. Caldwell in command.

Glaucus was assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, but before assuming her duties she was chosen to transport Senor Manuel Murillo, newly elected President of Colombia, to Cartagena. She departed 5 March from New York and arrived Cartagena 16 March.

Returning to Beaufort, North Carolina, 3 May 1864, Glaucus took up blockading station off Cape Fear River. On 28 May, while pursuing a blockade runner off the Western Bar, Glaucus caught fire and was nearly destroyed. The crew managed to control the flames, however; and she proceeded to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for repairs, arriving 9 June 1864 and decommissioning 11 June.

Repaired and recommissioned 22 August 1864, she broke down on her way to New York City, and had to again undergo extensive repairs. Sailing to join the West India Convoy Fleet, she grounded near Molasses Reef in the Bahamas, and had to be towed 30 May 1865.

She was decommissioned 6 June and sold 12 June 1865 to John Henderson. Renamed Worchester, she had an active merchant career before being scrapped at Boston, Massachusetts, in 1894.

ReferencesEdit

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

See also Edit

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