|USS Harry E. Hubbard (DD-748)|
|Builder:||Bethlehem Steel, Staten Island|
|Laid down:||30 October 1943|
|Launched:||24 March 1944|
|Commissioned:||22 July 1944|
|Struck:||17 October 1969|
|Motto:||Nomine Diem ("Name the Day")|
|Fate:||Sold July 1970 and broken up for scrap|
|Displacement:||2,200 long ton|
|Length:||376 ft 6 in (114.76 m)|
|Beam:||41 ft 4 in (12.60 m)|
|Draft:||15 ft 8 in (4.78 m)|
60,000 shp (45 MW)
|Speed:||34 knots (63 km/h)|
|Range:||6,500 nautical miles @ 15 kn (12,000 km at 28 km/h)|
6 × 5 in (127 mm)/38 cal guns, |
12 × Bofors 40 mm guns,
11 × Oerlikon 20 mm cannons,
10 × 21 in (53 cm) torpedo tubes,
6 × depth charge projectors,
2 × depth charge tracks
USS Harry E. Hubbard (DD-748), an Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer, is the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Commander Harry Hubbard (1903–1942), who was the captain of the Meredith when it was sunk during the Guadalcanal campaign.
Harry E. Hubbard was launched on 24 March 1944 by the Bethlehem Steel Co., Staten Island, New York; sponsored by Miss Jean Hubbard, daughter; and commissioned on 22 July 1944, Commander Leonard W. Bailey in command.
Service history[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]
Flagship of Destroyer Squadron 64, Harry E. Hubbard trained precommissioning crews destined for newly constructed warships until sailing for Hawaii on 16 January 1945. She served as a training ship out of Pearl Harbor until 17 April, then departed for combat She arrived off Okinawa on 8 May 1945 to serve as a picket destroyer, guarding against the day and night waves of Japanese aerial raids and suicide runs of kamikazes. Although the American fleet suffered losses and damage, it had come to stay. As with all previous Japanese weapons, even the kamikazes were defeated in their attempt to save this last "stepping stone" to Japan itself. For nearly two months, Hubbard fought off the savage raiders, shooting down four suicide planes that tried to crash her at various times.
When Evans and Hugh W. Hadley were badly damaged in their stand against some 50 kamikazes on 11 May 1945, Hubbard, first to arrive on the scene, went alongside Evans to render fire-fighting, damage control and medical aid. She gave similar assistance to Barry on 24–25 May, shooting down two kamikazesas she escorted Barry from picket station into Kerama Retto. One enemy plane was disintegrated by Hubbard's gunners a bare 50 yards from the ship.
Hubbard remained off Okinawa until 24 July 1945, then escorted occupation troops to Jinsen, Korea, and carried the Commander of Destroyer Squadron 64 (DesRon 64) to Chinkai, Korea, to oversee the demilitarization of the former Japanese naval base there. She returned to Jin-sen 7 November 1945, then based out of Tsingtao, China. She performed escort, mail, and communication service for the North China Occupation force until departing 16 March 1946, for the California seaboard. She arrived at San Francisco on 28 March 1946, underwent demobilization overhaul at Oakland, then decommissioned at San Diego on 15 January 1947. She remained in the Pacific Reserve Fleet until recommissioned 14 May 1949 but decommissioned 12 December without having gone to sea.
Korean War[edit | edit source]
Following the invasion of South Korea, Harry E. Hubbard recommissioned on 27 October 1950, Commander Burres D. Wood in command. After initial shakedown along the coast of California, she departed San Diego on 2 January 1951 for two months of training in Hawaiian waters. She then steamed to assist the U.N. Forces in Korea. Besides helping guard the fast carrier task force making repeated airstrikes against the enemy, she frequently joined in gunstrike missions to bombard coastal rail and communication centers and performed as seagoing artillery to support the advance of land troops. Her bombardment missions were conducted against targets at Yongdae Gap, Wonsan, Songjin, Chingjin, Kyoto, Ohako, Bokuko, Chuminjin, and other enemy strongholds of supply and reinforcement. When Walke was heavily damaged by an underwater explosion off Wonson 11 June 1951, Hubbard, with the same skill as off Okinawa in 1945, moved in to render effective medical and damage control assistance. She returned to the California coast in October 1951 for overhaul and completed a similar tour of duty with the 7th Fleet off Korea July to December 1952. She returned to San Diego in January 1953 but again departed on 11 July to guard fast carrier task groups patrolling after the Armistice Agreement was signed in Korea. Intervened by patrol in the Taiwan Straits, this duty continued until 13 January 1954. She returned to San Diego for overhaul and refresher training along the western seaboard.
Harry E. Hubbard departed San Diego 11 August 1954 on the first of nine additional Far East tours with the 7th Fleet which were completed by the close of 1966. During this service, she joined the roving 7th Fleet 6 to 13 February 1955 in moving in under Chinese Communist artillery defenses to cover the evacuation of Chinese Nationalist from untenable positions on the Tachen Islands. In May 1955, she participated in "Operation WIGWAM", an underwater nuclear test approximately 500 miles southwest of San Diego, California. In October to November 1956 she diverted from Australia to the "Dewline" in the Northern Pacific to serve on picket patrol during the Suez Crisis. She next joined in combined warfare exercises with SEATO Treaty nations to improve readiness in defending freedom in that part of the world. From time to time, she patrolled the Taiwan Straits to insure Taiwan was not threatened from the Communist mainland of China. She was off Guam in June 1960, twice guarding the flight of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's aircraft during his Far East visit.
Vietnam War[edit | edit source]
During the Gulf of Tonkin Incident of August 1964, Harry E. Hubbard was nearby in the South China Sea screening Ticonderoga. The carrier task group struck to destroy North Vietnamese torpedo boats and their supporting facilities. In awarding the Navy Unit Commendation to Ticonderoga and her screen, Secretary of the Navy Paul Nitze stated that they had "demonstrated the firm intent of the United States to maintain freedom of the seas and to take all necessary measures in defense of peace in Southeast Asia."
Hubbard returned to Long Beach on 28 October 1964 for a year of warfare readiness operations along the western seaboard. In October 1965, she departed for the coast of South Vietnam. In company with Valley Forge in November and December 1965, she provided gunfire support for two Marine amphibious landings. In the following months, she acted as escort to Kitty Hawk and Hancock during their strike operations in the South China Sea, acting as Harbor Defense ship at Danang and fired more than 1,000 rounds of exploding 5-inch shells into Viet Cong strongholds along the South Vietnamese coast. She returned to Long Beach, California, on 7 April 1966. The destroyer had drawn nationwide attention on 10 March 1966 when the ABC Television Network included scenes of one of her shore bombardments along the South Vietnamese coast.
Awards[edit | edit source]
Harry E. Hubbard shared in the Navy Unit Commendation awarded Task Group 77.5 for support operations in the Gulf of Tonkin 2–5 August 1964. She also received six battle stars for World War II and Korean service.
References[edit | edit source]
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
[edit | edit source]
- history.navy.mil: USS Harry E. Hubbard
- navsource.org: USS Harry E. Hubbard
- hazegray.org: USS Harry E. Hubbard
- USS Harry E. Hubbard veterans' website
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