|USS Kimberly (DD-521)|
Plan view amidships, looking forward, while the ship was at the Mare Island Navy Yard, California, on 26 June 1945.
|Career (United States)|
|Name:||USS Kimberly (DD-521)|
|Namesake:||Lewis A. Kimberly|
|Builder:||Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation, Staten Island|
|Laid down:||27 July 1942|
|Launched:||4 February 1943|
|Commissioned:||22 May 1943|
|Decommissioned:||15 January 1954|
|Struck:||25 January 1974|
|Fate:||Loaned to Taiwan, 1 June 1967|
|Career (Republic of China)|
|Name:||ROCS An Yang (DD-18)|
|Acquired:||1 June 1967|
|Commissioned:||2 June 1967|
|Decommissioned:||16 September 1999|
|Fate:||Sunk as a target, 14 October 2003|
|Class & type:||Fletcher-class destroyer|
|Length:||376 ft 6 in (114.7 m)|
|Beam:||39 ft 8 in (12.1 m)|
|Draft:||17 ft 9 in (5.4 m)|
|Propulsion:||60,000 shp (45 MW); 2 propellers|
|Speed:||35 knots (65 km/h)|
|Range:||6500 nmi. (12,000 km) @ 15 kt|
Kimberly was launched 4 February 1943, by Bethlehem Steel Co., Staten Island, N.Y., sponsored by Miss Elsie S. Kimberly, daughter of Admiral Kimberly; and commissioned 22 May 1943, Commander Harry W. Smith in command.
History[edit | edit source]
After shakedown Kimberly cleared Norfolk 10 September 1943, and steamed toward the action in the Pacific. Following additional training at Pearl Harbor, the destroyer arrived off Makin 20 November to begin the Navy's relentless conquest of Micronesia. Throughout the Gilbert Islands campaign, the destroyer served in ASW screen for the battleships and cruisers supporting Marines fighting ashore with deadly accurate and devastating naval gunfire.
Kimberly departed Tarawa 6 December for the West Coast. After repairs at San Francisco, she sailed 22 January 1944, for the Aleutian Islands. Operating with Rear Admiral Wilder D. Baker's Task Force 94 (TF 94), the destroyer departed Attu 1 February to silence enemy antiaircraft batteries on Suribachi Wan and Kurabi Saki. Kimberly remained in the Aleutians for 7 months on ASW patrols, offensive sweeps, bombardment of the Kuriles, and training exercises before steaming toward San Francisco 18 September.
As the tempo of the Pacific war quickened, Kimberly arrived at Manus, Admiralty Islands, to prepare for her roles in the reconquest of the Philippines. In 10 November she departed escorting a supply convoy to Leyte Gulf, carrying material to replenish U.S. forces there. On the evening of 21 December, while Kimberly escorted another convoy to Mangarin Bay, Mindoro, Japanese suicide planes attacked the American ships. During the 2-hour battle, Kimberly's guns shot down one plane and assisted in the downing of two others. After repulsing the attack, the convoy proceeded to Mangarin Bay bringing men and material for the construction of an airstrip and a PT-boat base needed to support the invasion of Luzon, Kimberly's next mission.
The destroyer departed Leyte 2 January 1945, screening a preinvasion battleship group. En route, during one of many kamikaze attacks, the destroyer scored another kill. Arriving off Lingayen Gulf 6 January, the bombardment group was immediately placed on alert to ward off the enemy suicide pilots. That day Kimberly shot down two more planes. For the remainder of the month, she bombarded enemy railroad and supply centers.
During February the destroyer prepared for the Okinawa campaign which would advance American forces next door to the Japanese homeland. Departing San Pedro Bay 21 March for radar picket duty, the destroyer, off the Ryūkyūs, was attacked 26 March by two Aichi D3A "Vals." Despite accurate antiaircraft fire and numerous hits, one enemy plane, trailing fire and smoke, crashed into the aft gun mounts killing 4 men and wounding 57. Kimberly cleared the area 1 April for repairs at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, arriving 25 April.
Returning to the fight, she cleared Pearl Harbor 10 August but Japan capitulated as the veteran destroyer steamed to join the 3rd Fleet in the Far East. She entered Tokyo Bay 4 September and 2 days later sailed, escorting USS Missouri (BB-63). In company with the famed battleship, she arrived Philadelphia 18 October. After Navy Day ceremonies, Kimberly departed Philadelphia 2 November and arrived Charleston, South Carolina, the next day. She remained there until 5 February 1947 when she was placed in reserve.
The United States shrank her Navy too far. Encouraged by the weakness, the Communists struck in Korea. As fast as crews and material could be assembled, the nation rebuilt her fleet. Kimberly recommissioned 8 February 1951, Comdr. O. B. Parker in command. After shakedown out of Guantanamo Bay and exercises along the coast, she cleared Norfolk 15 May 1951, and steamed to the Pacific as reinforcement. She arrived Tokosuka 18 June and 5 days later sailed for fire support operations off the western coast of Korea. The destroyer also acted as ASW screen and plane guard for the aircraft carriers during the raids on enemy positions ashore. In mid-September she arrived off Formosa for patrol operations before sailing 6 October via the Philippines, the Suez Canal, and the Mediterranean, for the United States.
Arriving Norfolk 12 December, Kimberly operated along the Atlantic coast and Caribbean on training exercises until she arrived Charleston, South Carolina, 20 June 1953. She remained there and decommissioned 15 January 1954.
After 12 years in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet at Charleston, South Carolina, Kimberly proceeded to Boston Naval Shipyard in July 1966 for overhaul prior to being loaned to the government of the Republic of China.
ROCS An Yang[edit | edit source]
The ship was loaned to Taiwan 1 June 1967,where she served in the Republic of China Navy as ROCS DD-18 An Yang. After modernization with Wu-Jin Project, she became DDG918 An Yang in mid-1980s. She was decommissioned on 16 September 1999 and was sunk as a target on 14 October 2003.
References[edit | edit source]
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
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