|USS Mary Alice (SP-397)|
Mary Alice as a private yacht, sometime between 1910 and 1917.
|Career (United States)|
|Name:||USS Mary Alice|
|Namesake:||Previous name retained|
|Acquired:||10 August 1917|
|Commissioned:||10 August 1917|
|Fate:||Sunk in collision 5 October 1918|
|Notes:||Operated as private yacht Bernice 1897–1907, Oneta 1907–1910, and Mary Alice 1910–1917|
|Tonnage:||180 gross register tons|
|Length:||174 ft (53 m)|
|Beam:||18 ft 9 in (5.72 m)|
|Draft:||9 ft 9 in (2.97 m)|
|Propulsion:||Steam engine, one shaft|
2 x 3-pounder guns|
2 x machine guns
Mary Alice was built as the fast, private steam yacht Bernice in 1897 in Brooklyn, New York. She was renamed Oneta in 1907 and Mary Alice in 1910.
On 10 August 1917, the U.S. Navy purchased Mary Alice from William J. Connors of Buffalo, New York, for use as a section patrol vessel during World War I. She was commissioned as USS Mary Alice (SP-397) the same day with Lieutenant, junior grade, Grant Campbell, USNRF, in command.
In early October 1918, Mary Alice, with Captain William A. Gill, President of the U.S. Navy's Board of Inspection and Survey, embarked, served as an escort for the new submarine USS O-13 (Submarine No. 74) in Long Island Sound during O-13's pre-commissioning acceptance trials. On 5 October 1918 while conducting a submerged circular run off Bridgeport, Connecticut, O-13 suddenly rammed Mary Alice amidships and holed her. Mary Alice sank within a few minutes 1,800 yards (1,646 meters) south of Penfield Reef Light with no loss of life, and O‑13 quickly rescued her entire crew from the water.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Department of the Navy Naval History and Heritage Command Online Library of Selected Images: Civilian Ships: Mary Alice (Steam Yacht, 1897). Served as USS Mary Alice (SP-397) in 1917–1918
- NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive: Mary Alice (SP 397)
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