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USS Merapi (AF-38)
Career (US) US flag 48 stars.svg
Ordered: as R1-M-AV3 hull, MC hull 2202
Laid down: 14 August 1944
Launched: 4 October 1944
Acquired: 5 March 1945
Commissioned: 21 March 1945
Decommissioned: 18 January 1959
Struck: 1 July 1960
Fate: sold by the Maritime Administration in 1966, converted to fish factory ship
General characteristics
Displacement: 3,139 t.(lt) 6,240 t.(fl)
Length: 338 ft (103 m)
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Draught: 18 ft (5.5 m)
Propulsion: diesel engine, single screw, 1,700shp
Speed: 12 kts. (max)
Capacity: 2,120 long tons deadweight (DWT)
Complement: 84
Armament: one single 3"/50 dual purpose gun mount, six single 20mm gun mounts

USS Merapi (AF-38) was an Adria-class stores ship acquired by the U.S. Navy for service in World War II, named after Mount Merapi, the mountain in Java, Indonesia[citation needed]. Her task was to carry stores, refrigerated items, and equipment to ships in the fleet, and to remote stations and staging areas.

Merapi was laid down 11 August 1944 by Pennsylvania Shipyards Inc., Beaumont, Texas, under a Maritime contract; launched 4 October 1944; sponsored by Mrs. A. B. Matthews; transferred to the Navy 5 March and commissioned 21 March 1945, Lt. William W. Wood in command.

World War II serviceEdit

Converted at Todd Galveston Dry Dock Co., Merapi hastened through shakedown and departed Mobile, Alabama, 11 April, for the Pacific Ocean war zone. Specializing in refrigerated stores, she sailed via Pearl Harbor to Kerama Retto, Okinawa where in the midst of numerous air alerts she unloaded 14 to 19 June. Having retired to Pearl Harbor for more supplies she got underway again 20 July and spent the final month of the war at Eniwetok Atoll disbursing cargo.

Post-war activityEdit

In the postwar period Merapi provided logistic support for U.S. occupation forces, initially using Auckland, New Zealand, as her supply base. Spending much of 1946 and part of 1948 on the China coast she remained active through the central and western Pacific until 1950. Assuming command of the Merapi at Shanghai, China on 5 Jul 1948, LCdr R. G. Nichols, USN, served as her skipper until 27 Sep 1949.

Korean War operationsEdit

During the Korean War she operated with units of the U.S. 7th Fleet in Korean and Japanese waters. While employed as a support vessel, she saw action off the Pusan Perimeter, participated in the Wonsan and Inchon invasions, and assisted in the evacuation of troops from Hungnam.

Vietnam operationsEdit

A return to the United States in the latter half of 1953 preceded assignment to the mid Pacific logistic support group home ported at Pearl Harbor. Support of facilities at Kwajalein, Marshalls, Eniwetok, Carolines, and Midway Island was temporarily interrupted in September 1954. For 3 months Merapi provided food stocks to the ships engaged in the evacuation of civilians and troops from North Vietnam to Saigon in Operation Passage to Freedom.

Supporting nuclear testing activityEdit

Interruptions also occurred March to July 1956 as AF-38 appeared in support of the nuclear testing exercise, Operation Redwing, and the following April as she sailed on a good will visit to Australia. She then participated in Operation Hardtack I in the Marshall Islands.

The ship departed 5 August 1958 for a brief 2 month WestPac tour before steaming back to the United States for her first appearance in over 4 years.

Inactivation and decommissioningEdit

Arriving Astoria, Oregon, 6 November, inactivation began almost immediately. She decommissioned 16 January 1959, joining the Pacific Reserve Fleet, until struck from the Navy List 1 July 1960. She was then sold by the Maritime Administration in 1966, and converted to fish factory ship. Final Disposition: fate unknown. LCDR William Waller, Jr. was her CO from May 1958 until January 1959.

Military awards and honorsEdit

Merapi received one battle star for World War II service, five for the Korean War, and was twice awarded the Korean Presidential Unit Citation. Her crew was eligible for the following medals shown in order of precedence:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

External linksEdit

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