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USS Ouachita (1863)
USS Ouachita.JPG
USS Ouachita
Career (US) Union Navy Jack
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: date unknown
Acquired: 29 September 1863
Commissioned: 18 January 1864
Decommissioned: 3 July 1865
Struck: 1865 (est.)
Captured: by Union Navy forces
13 July 1863
Fate: sold, 25 September 1865
General characteristics
Displacement: 720 tons
Length: 227 ft 6 in (69.34 m)
Beam: 38 ft 0 in (11.58 m)
Draft: 7 ft 0 in (2.13 m)
Depth of hold: 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m)
Propulsion: steam engine
side-wheel propelled
Speed: not known
Complement: not known
Armament: four 30-pounder Army Parrott rifles
one 30-pounder Navy Parrott rifles
eight 24-pounder guns
one 12 pounder rifled gun

USS Ouachita (1863) was a steamer captured by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was used by the Navy to patrol navigable waterways of the Confederacy to prevent the South from trading with other countries.

Captured by the Union Navy and placed into service[edit | edit source]

Union gunboats USS Manitou and USS Rattler captured Confederate side wheel steamer Louisville in the Little Red River 13 July 1863. The Navy purchased the prize from the Prize Court at Cairo, Illinois, 29 September 1863, and commissioned her as Ouachita 18 January 1864. Lt. Comdr. Byron Wilson assumed command 1 February.

Mississippi River operations[edit | edit source]

During the remainder of the Civil War, the gunboat operated in the Mississippi River and its tributaries, especially the Red, Black, and Ouachita Rivers. She participated in Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter’s expedition up the Red River to Alexandria 12 March to 22 May 1864. She performed patrol duty through the end of the war, and again ascended the Red River in May and June 1865 to receive the surrender of Confederate forces.

Post-war decommissioning and sale[edit | edit source]

Decommissioned 3 July 1865, Ouachita was sold at auction at Mound City, Illinois, 25 September 1865 to Tait, Able, and Gill.

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

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