|USS Oxford (APA-189)|
USS Oxford (APA-189) in San Francisco Bay, late 1945 or early '46
as type VC2-S-AP5 |
MCV Hull 657
|Laid down:||17 April 1944|
|Launched:||12 July 1944|
|Commissioned:||11 September 1944|
|Decommissioned:||17 April 1946|
|Struck:||1 May 1946|
|Displacement:||12,450 tons (full load)|
|Length:||455 ft 0 in (138.68 m)|
|Beam:||62 ft 0 in (18.90 m)|
|Draught:||24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)|
|Capacity:||150,000 cu. ft, 2,900 tons|
|Complement:||56 Officers 480 Enlisted|
one 5/38” gun mount, |
twelve 40mm mounts,
ten 20mm mounts
World War II serviceEdit
The first ship to be named Oxford by the Navy, APA–189 was laid down 17 April 1944 as M.C. Hull 657 by Kaiser Shipbuilding Co., Vancouver, Washington; launched 12 July; underwent trials prior to acceptance by the Navy; and commissioned 11 September at the Naval Station, Astoria, Oregon, Comdr. Paul S. Crandall in command.
After a brief fitting out period and shakedown in the Seattle, Washington, and San Diego, California, areas, Oxford embarked 1,478 troops at San Francisco, California, and steamed for the Southwest Pacific Ocean 26 October 1944. She arrived Finschhafen, New Guinea 12 November, and then operated between Hollandia and Noumea, New Caledonia, as well as between Florida Island and Mantis Island.
Landing troops and their equipment in the PhilippinesEdit
Oxford participated in landing operations in Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 11–13 January 1945 as a unit of task group TG 77.9. She then continued to transport troops between Leyte, Manus, and Wakde Islands. She also provided troop transport services during the initial landings at Okinawa 1–5 April, after which she steamed to Guam, to Pearl Harbor, and finally to San Francisco, California, arriving 11 May to embark replacement troops.
One week later she again steamed for the Southwest Pacific, this time to the Carolines, the Philippines, New Guinea, and Eniwetok, which she reached 22 July. On the 24th, she departed in company with three other ships for San Francisco, but two days out she had to put in at Midway Island to repack her stern tube. She then steamed independently for San Francisco 29 July but, en route was diverted to San Pedro, California, where she tied up the second week of August.
After voyage repairs at Todd Shipyard, San Pedro, and assumption of command by Captain J. C. Goodnough, Oxford called at both San Diego, California, and San Francisco. She departed 23 August for Eniwetok with U.S. Army replacement troops. After calls at Ulithi, Manila, Subic Bay, and Japanese ports, Oxford returned to San Francisco in late November.
In January 1946 Oxford was released from the naval service for postwar disposal. Assigned to Commander, 5th Naval District, she arrived Norfolk, Virginia, 26 February, decommissioned 17 April, was redelivered to War Shipping Administration (WSA) the next day, and was struck from the Navy List 1 May and scrapped in 1974.
Military awards and honorsEdit
This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.
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